Renaissance Culture Presentation


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Renaissance Culture Presentation

  1. 1. Humanism and the Renaissance<br />A Literary Introduction<br />
  2. 2. Definition of Humanism<br />Cultural movement that helped characterize Renaissance<br />Reborn interest in arts, education, classical culture of ancient Greece and Rome<br />Emphasizes: reason, science, human fulfillment in the THIS world, (sometimes) rejects the importance of belief in God.<br />
  3. 3. Humanist Texts<br />Taking a glimpse of Erasmus: “Prince of the Humanists<br />Colloquies: Dialogue examining religious practices of Roman Catholic Church<br />Works of St. Hilary: Part of editing, collecting, and translating literature<br />The Praise of Folly: satire examining abuses of the Church<br />Look for: common themes, style, ideas, etc.<br />
  4. 4. Humanism and Renaissance<br />Primarily literary movement, but spread to the arts (architecture, paintings, sculpture)<br />Emphasis on well-rounded education leads to concept of Renaissance Man<br />Da Vinci: paradigm for human excellence, “polymath,” also dabbled in the arts and sciences<br />
  5. 5. Art of the Renaissance<br />Painting<br />
  6. 6. Differences Between the Art of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance<br />
  7. 7. Art of the Middle Ages was…<br /><ul><li>only done for the Church.
  8. 8. almost exclusively about religious themes.
  9. 9. painted for the purpose of conveying a message.
  10. 10. generally serious and somber.
  11. 11. generally fairly two dimensional.
  12. 12. painted with dark colors and rigid lines
  13. 13. generally painted on a gold background.
  14. 14. composed mostly of frescoes and temperas.
  15. 15. less realistic.</li></li></ul><li>
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  18. 18. Art of the Renaissance was…<br /><ul><li>generally painted for wealthy patrons
  19. 19. Often not about religious themes
  20. 20. Often treated as a collector’s item or as art for art’s sake
  21. 21. Often lighthearted
  22. 22. Often painted with bright colors and softer lines
  23. 23. Often painted with landscapes in the background
  24. 24. Often painted with new techniques
  25. 25. In large part oil paintings
  26. 26. More realistic, but also idealized
  27. 27. Typically fairly three dimensional</li></li></ul><li>
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  31. 31. Some of the Important Painters of the Italian Renaissance were…<br />Fra Angelico <br />Sandro Botticelli <br />Antonello da Messina <br />Luca Signorelli <br />Piero della Francesca <br />Domenico Ghirlandaio <br />Benozzo Gozzoli <br />Leonardo Da Vinci <br />Michelangelo <br />Raphael <br />Titian<br />Tintoretto<br />
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  38. 38. Art of the Renaissance<br />Sculpture<br />
  39. 39. Medieval Sculpture<br />Funded by the Church<br />No secular sculptures<br />Carvings and/supported statues<br />Abandoned Greek realism in favor of a more mystical and hieratic style<br />Less naturalistic and real<br />Abstract detail around simple human form<br />Figures<br />Frontal view<br />Limited expressions<br />
  40. 40. Medieval Sculpture<br />Intricate designs around figures<br />No emotion on faces<br />Religious theme of “Saints”<br />Body not in proportion<br />Not free standing<br />
  41. 41. Renaissance Art<br />Secular <br />Unlike the Medieval period wealthy individual were able to support many artist. During Medieval times majority of the patrons belonged to the church.<br />
  42. 42. Artistic style<br />Back to Classical Greek Form<br /><ul><li>Realistic and natural
  43. 43. Contrapposto
  44. 44. Italian for “ Visual Arts”
  45. 45. A human figure with most of weight on one foot. Shoulders and arms twist of axis from hips and legs to give a more relaxed pose.
  46. 46. Perspective:
  47. 47. The use of space to accurately proportion the body.
  48. 48. Structure:
  49. 49. From supported structures to free standing structure
  50. 50. Nude figures</li></li></ul><li>Distinctive Characteristics for Renaissance Sculpture<br />While classical sculpture emphasized on perfection, Renaissance sculpture concentrated on realism and humanism<br />Portrayed human emotions and human imperfections.<br />Ex: Michael Angelo’s Moses showed veins and defined muscles.<br />
  51. 51. “David” by Donatello<br />
  52. 52. “David”by Micheal-Angelo<br />
  53. 53. Architecture in the Renaissance<br />
  54. 54. Medieval characteristics<br />Romanesque: thick walls, small windows (slits), round arches, columns, low to the ground<br />Gothic architecture: very tall (emphasized height), large arches, flying buttresses, stained glass, spikes, northern origin, large windows, vast open spaces<br />
  55. 55. Early Renaissance Characteristics<br />Organized space mathematically, not by intuition<br />Organized around crosses, used math, symmetry, logic, and patterns<br />Inspired by ancient roman buildings <br />Emphasized human achievement<br />
  56. 56. High Renaissance<br />More decorated increasing in the ornate windows and the mathematical planning<br />Proportional and organized <br />Geometry based<br />Increase in open spaces and gardens<br />
  57. 57. Mannerist<br />Increasing complexity <br />Increasing grandeur and ornate architecture<br />Open and organized space<br />Increased patterns and geometric organization<br />Increase in intricate artwork to adorn the walls<br />
  58. 58. Renaissance Culture Presentation<br />Created by Amodhi, Andersen, Hannah, Matthew, Sasha, and Yonit. <br />
  59. 59. The End<br />