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Introduction to education in Finland


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Introduction to education in Finland

  1. 1. Introduction to education in Finland and some pedagogical approaches and methods 芬兰教育与教学方法 New Teachers Pre-Service Training 新教师入职培训 Chongqing University of Sciences and Technology Chongqing, China 25. July 2017 重庆科技学院 中国,2017年7月25日 Matleena Laakso TAMK – Tampere University of Applied Sciences 坦佩雷应用科学大学 Li Zhang, translation TAMK & Bright Sky Consulting 坦佩雷应用科学大学,Bright Sky 教育咨询 Qui Chuan, interpreter Some slides introducing Education in Finland are made with Hanna Saraketo and Juha Lahtinen (TAMK).
  2. 2. Matleena Laakso 马特莱娜·拉科索 • Master of education, teacher’s pedagogical qualification • Expert in teaching and learning, specialised in ICT and digitalisation in education and professional development • Expert at the School of Vocational Teacher Education at TAMK • WeChat ID: matleenalaakso • 教育学硕士,具有教师教学资格 • 教学和学习领域专家,专门从事ICT和 数字化教育与职业发展等研究领域 • 坦佩雷科技大学职业教师教育学院专 家 • 微信账号:matleenalaakso
  3. 3. Who are you? 你们是谁? Picture: Per Arne Slotte, CC BY-SA Cloudberry 云莓
  4. 4. Finland 芬兰 Picture: Per Arne Slotte, CC BY-SA Cloudberry 云莓 y
  5. 5. Finland 芬兰 Country of clean nature, thousands of lakes and forests and the midnight sun. 国家自然环境纯净,有 成千上万的湖泊 与森 林,午夜还有阳光
  6. 6. Finland at a glance 芬兰概貌 • A stable, peaceful, well-organized country and EU member state • High level of research and access to information technology • Trust and equality among people • The best place to be a mother – or a child • Society where English is widely spoken • The national education system regularly ranks among the best in the world (e. g. in the OECD‘s PISA rankings) • Home of Santa Claus • 国家稳定、和平、秩序井然,是欧盟成员国 • 高水平的研究和信息技术入口 • 人民互相信任,平等友爱 • 英语在社会上广泛使用 • 是生养孩子的最佳地方 • 国家教育系统在世界上位列前茅 例如OECD‘s PISA 排名) • 圣诞老人之家 Picture: Hietaparta CC0,
  7. 7. Summer: midnight sun and summer cottages 夏季:午夜太阳与夏日小屋 Picture: Hansenit CC BY
  8. 8. Autumn: first colourful, then just dark and rainy 秋季:开始色彩缤纷,然后黑夜多雨 Picture: Kari Siren, CC BY
  9. 9. Winter: snow and winter sports 冬季:冬季各种冰雪运动 Picture: Tero Laakso CC BY-SA
  10. 10. Spring: in southern Finland there might be snow on the ground until April 春季:芬兰南部的冰雪一直停留到四月 Picture: Dave Miller CC BY
  11. 11. Education in Finland 芬兰教育 Picture: Per Arne Slotte, CC BY-SA Cloudberry 云莓
  12. 12. Video
  13. 13. Some key factors of Finnish education 芬兰教育的重要因素 Sanna Ruhalahti: • All have equal access to high-quality education • It is free and publicly funded • Rights to educational support • Lifelong learning - no dead ends • Educational autonomy and local authorities • Quality assurance based on steering, no controlling • Highly educated teaching personnel • Good and well supported education & training
  14. 14. What is so special about Finnish education? 芬兰教育的特别之处在于哪? Finnish National Board of Education: : • Teaching is a very popular profession • No national exams • No teacher evaluation • Teachers feel valued by society • Short school days • The amount of homework is low • Number of lessons in art, music and physical education have been increased • No inspections
  15. 15. School timetable (3rd class, 9 y) 学生课程表 (三年级,9岁) Finnish Math PE Finnish Math Finnish Environment and natural sciences History Finnish Math Math Environment and natural sciences Art Art Religion/ethics PE PE German Music German German Textile and technical work Textile and technical work Finnish Kuva: Iina 7 y., CC BY-SA
  16. 16. School timetable (9th class, 15 y) 学生课程表(九年级,15岁) Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday German Social studies German Math Finnish Swedish Social studies Social studies Mother tongue and literature Mother tongue and literature Pupil counselling Biology/ Geography Biology/ Geography Germany Religion Computer science Swedish English Biology/ Geography Math Computer science Physics/ Chemistry English PE Home economics Math Physics/ Chemistry PE Home economics Math
  17. 17. The Finnish Higher Education System 芬兰高等教育系统 The Finnish higher education system comprises two parallel sectors 芬兰高教系统包括2个平行的部门(双元模式) • University sector 14所研究型综合大学 – 14 research universities – number of students 168 000 – of which 18 000 doctoral students – All institutions funded by the state and external research funding • Universities of applied sciences sector (est. in the mid- 1990s) 24所应用科技大学 – 24 institutions – Number of students 148 000 – All institutions funded by the state and external R&D funding – Regional development tasks – Bachelor’s degrees (vocational and professional degrees) – (Professional) Master’s degrees in selected fields
  18. 18. Teacher education 教师培训 The high level of training is seen necessary as teachers are very autonomous professionally. • All teachers from day-care and preschool to university are required a (Bachelor’s) or Master’s or degree. • Also pedagogical studies are almost always required.
  19. 19. Continuous professional development 继续职业发展 Picture: Matleena Laakso CC BY
  20. 20. Popular themes for ICT-workshops 信息通讯技术研讨会热门主题
  21. 21. Education in Finland: 3 reasons to be so good 芬兰教育成功的三个原因 Pictures: Matleena Laakso CC BY & Neofelis Nebulosa PD & Collusor CC0,
  22. 22. What would you like to copy adapt from Finland to your work, department or university? 你们希望从芬兰复制改进哪些做法可以应用 到你们的工作中, 院系或大学? • Share ideas with those sitting next to you and share one idea to our WeChat group.
  23. 23. Want to know more? 想要知道更多? More about the Tampere Region • studyintampere (Tredea) • (Tredea) More About Finland • (Centre for International Mobility CIMO) • (Finnish Tourist Board) More about Finnish education by Finnish National Agency for Education • •
  24. 24. Pedagogical approaches and methods 教学方法 Picture: Per Arne Slotte, CC BY-SA Cloudberry 云莓
  25. 25. Already Confisius knew Picture: PD
  26. 26. So many ways to teach and learn! 各种各样的教学与学习方法 Co-operative learning Project learning Competence-based learning Problem-based learning Blended learning Flipped learning Personalized learning Phenemonon-based learning
  27. 27. Picture:, CC0
  28. 28. Finnish Schools on the Move 动起来的芬兰学校
  29. 29. Problem-based Learning (PBL) as an educational strategy 基于问题式的学习 作为一种教育策略 PBL curriculum • improves interpersonal skills • improves work life competencies • integrates different disciplines • includes both individual and collaborative learning processes • includes independent knowledge acquisition and shared knowledge construction • has less contact teaching and more facilitation
  30. 30. Using problems (cases, scenarios, triggers) as starting points for learning) 学习的起点:问题(案例、情景、抛砖引玉) Picture: Rronis CC BY-SA, Wikimedia Commons
  31. 31. Assessment Learning process Problem solving process Group process Starting point Brainstorming Best ideas Learning objects Knowledge sharing Visual synthesis Self-study PBL learning task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Tutorial- meeting I Tutorial- meeting II Tutorial is the 2 hour small group study phase of the PBL curriculum.
  32. 32. Assessment and feedback in PBL tutorials 基于问题式的学习教程的评估与反馈 • In the beginning of each meeting, students will choose what they want to be observed. For example the learning process, the problem solving, the group process,.. • How did you give new perspectives to the group work? • Did you present innovative ideas? • How did you support others? • At the end of the meeting the observer gives the feedback individually to each member of the group and to the teacher.
  33. 33. The final review 最后审查 • Did you deal with the right issues? • How did you find the atmosphere of the tutorial? • Did you say what you wanted to? • Have you been heard?
  34. 34. Six thinking hats 六顶思想之帽 Erward De Bono Picture: Matleena Laakso CC BY-SA
  35. 35. Six thinking hats 六顶思想之帽 • Blue: organising and controlling 蓝色:组织与控制 • White: facts and numbers 白色:事实与数字 • Green: creativity, new ideas and possibilities 绿色:创造力、新想法与可能性 • Yellow: benefits and positive effects 黄色:益处分析与积极影响 • Black: logical negative effects 黑色:逻辑性强与消极影响 • Red: feelings and values 红色:感觉与价值
  36. 36. Write down together three ideas how you can use ideas of problem-based learning in your teaching?
  37. 37. Group 1.
  38. 38. Group 2.
  39. 39. Group 3. (1/2)
  40. 40. Group 3. (2/2)
  41. 41. Comments? Questions? 评论?问题? Picture: Per Arne Slotte, CC BY-SA Cloudberry 云莓
  42. 42. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0) 根据知识共享署名 - 相同共享 4.0授权 国际许可(CC BY-SA 4.0) • Creative Commons -licensies: or • Terms for using these slides is CC BY-SA: You are free to: – Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format – Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material – for any purpose, even commercially. Under the following terms: – Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. – ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. • You can contact me to get more rights – These slides: – My blog: – WeChatID: matleenalaakso – E-mail: or