Advise that MHOR 1992 say that it is anything that uses hand or bodily force.
Does the task involve : holding loads away from the trunk twisting or stooping excessive reaching long carrying distances strenuous pushing or pulling unpredictable movement repetitive handling? Individual handler : Capability health problems disabilities pregnant special information training Is the load: heavy bulky/unwieldy difficult to grasp unstable/unpredictable strenuous pushing or pulling intrinsically harmful e.g. hot/sharp Environment are there : constraints on posture poor floors variations in levels hot/cold/humid conditions poor lighting conditions Other factors- do workers : find attire affects movement think there has been poor planning, scheduling, communication lack of training or information
Ask the groups to think about what they do outside of these limits.
Example legislation but other main ones are Management of Health & Safety at Work Reg’s 1999 MHSWR Manual Handling Operations Reg’s 1992 MHOR Reporting of Injuries & Dangerous Diseases Reg’s 1995 RIDDOR Lifting Operations & Lifting Equipment Reg’s 1998 LOLER
Ask the group to stand and feel muscles in own back then do slight stoop to fee the anchoring effect ( give health warning and demonstrate first.
Explain all about levers and other levers in the body, use your experience and examples of who you treat etc.
Have a go with chair push pull or handbag etc. (health warning again) ask them to watch you first. If they can’t then don’t
All delegates will gain anawareness of risks associated with manual handling and of themeasure they must take to reduce injury to both themselves and others. TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
identify legislation related to manual handling demonstrate ability to calculate the risk level of a manual handling activity basic understanding of biomechanics practise principles of movement TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
Can you identify with these common causes of musculoskeletal injury/pain? Cumulative strain Repetitive strain One off incident? TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
Manual Handling Operations Regulations1992TILEO Risk AssessmentTake a typical handling situation at your place of work and consider…………. TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
the Task the Individuals Capability the Load the Environment the Other factors, such as attire, systems of work and equipment TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
Biomechanics Mechanical loading of the spine When upright load on spine arises mainly from effects of gravity When leaning forward tension in the back and hips increases causing increased load on the spine When the trunk is horizontal loading on the spine stems almost entirely from back muscle tension-this can be calculated TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
Biomechanics When the trunk is horizontal Centre of back muscles to centre of motion 5 to 6 cm Lumbar Sacral disc to centre of upper body mass 25 to 35cm Leverage = 6 to1 For 30kg upper body mass = 180kg force If you lift extra load of 30kg lifted in this position force then =360kg TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
Biomechanics Static Loading causes a creep effect on the discs – Kazarian (1975) Therefore avoid holding even light weights :- For long periods In a stooped position Whilst leaning forward At arms length CMPP:LOAD 0070/09 TI
Biomechanics Feet must be in the correct position Slightly apart an offset Pointing in the direction of travelKeep loads within the shaded area when handling TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09
Adopt and adapt the principles according to you! Stop and think Keep close Stable position Avoid stooping Use a secure hold Avoid twisting Lead with the head Move smoothly Vary positions TI CMPP:LOAD 0070/09