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Democracy promotion:
Unpacking the concept
Mateo Porciúncula
13th March 2015
Master in Development Evaluation and
Manageme...
How to study democracy
promotion?
What lies inside/outside the “box”
?
Is this definition contested?
What kind of activiti...
Methodology
Democracy promotion and
democracy assistance
Narrow and broad definitions
“Demprom” and good
governance
Sector Goal
Electoral
process
Free and fair elections
Strong political parties
Institution
building
Democratic constitutio...
Concepts Political Approach Developmental Approach
Value of
Democracy
Democracy and political
freedom.
Democracy is mostly...
Measuring
from inputs to outputs
Process assessment
Measuring what? why?
Scope
Aggregation
Core functions and
weighting
Da...
Concept Attributes Components
Democrac
y
Conflict Right to form political
parties and compete
(association, assembly,
etc....
Impact
Democracy determined?
Geography, culture, economy +
process, institutions and agency
Qualitative and quantitative
K...
Final considerations
Realistic expectations
A deeper look at program
theories
Political thinking
Time lag considerations
M...
Thank you!
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Democracy Promotion: unpacking the concept

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A quick framework and analysis of democratic promotion initiatives with a focus on assessment

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Democracy Promotion: unpacking the concept

  1. 1. Democracy promotion: Unpacking the concept Mateo Porciúncula 13th March 2015 Master in Development Evaluation and Management
  2. 2. How to study democracy promotion? What lies inside/outside the “box” ? Is this definition contested? What kind of activities are involved? What are the expected results? What are the implications for assessment and evaluation?
  3. 3. Methodology
  4. 4. Democracy promotion and democracy assistance Narrow and broad definitions “Demprom” and good governance
  5. 5. Sector Goal Electoral process Free and fair elections Strong political parties Institution building Democratic constitution Effective judiciary / law institutions Representative legislature Responsive local governments Prodemocracy military Civil Society Active advocacy NGOs educated citizens Independent media Strong unions Democracy promotion core Top down / bottom up Linkage / leverage Source: Carothers, 2011 and Fritz, Rakner and Rocha, 2008
  6. 6. Concepts Political Approach Developmental Approach Value of Democracy Democracy and political freedom. Democracy is mostly a contribution to development. Democracy “Elections plus rights” Broad definition Democratizatio n Key junctures of change. Democrats vs. Status quo. Slow, iterative process. socioeconomic development state building. Methods Pro-democratic coalitions Challenging regime? More indirect. Accountability > contestation. non-confrontational. Human rights approach. Political vs Developmental Source: Carothers, 2008
  7. 7. Measuring from inputs to outputs Process assessment Measuring what? why? Scope Aggregation Core functions and weighting Data availability Timing conundrum
  8. 8. Concept Attributes Components Democrac y Conflict Right to form political parties and compete (association, assembly, etc.) Freedom of the press Participation Right to vote Fairness of the elections (financing, media, processes .etc.) Outcomes: democracy measurements Datasets Limitations Hybrid Regime mimicry Picture by Igor Siwanowicz (c) + Accountability: horizontal, vertical Source: Dahl, 1971
  9. 9. Impact Democracy determined? Geography, culture, economy + process, institutions and agency Qualitative and quantitative Known unkwons Form and function of democracies Isolating the treatment’s effect
  10. 10. Final considerations Realistic expectations A deeper look at program theories Political thinking Time lag considerations Meso-level indicators Complexity
  11. 11. Thank you!

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