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Peer-to-peer Learning on Large Scale Online Courses : Focusing on Lurkers

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6th International Conference on e-Learning and Innovative Pedagogies
MASUMI HORI, SEISHI ONO, KAZUTSUNA YAMAJI, SHINZO KOBAYASHI

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Peer-to-peer Learning on Large Scale Online Courses : Focusing on Lurkers

  1. 1. 6th International Conference on e-Learning and Innovative Pedagogies Peer-to-peer Learning on Large Scale Online Courses : Focusing on Lurkers MASUMI HORI1, SEISHI ONO2, KAZUTSUNA YAMAJI3, SHINZO KOBAYASHI4 1. Tezukayama University, 2. NPO CCC-TIES, 3. National Institute of Informatics,4. SmileNC & co., Japan
  2. 2. Today’s Outline 1. Background and Motivation 2. Lurkers: Learners on LSOCs 3. CHiLOs APPROACH 4. Implementation of CHiLOs 5. Conclusion 2
  3. 3. Background and Motivation 3
  4. 4. The Virtual Learning Environment on Large Scale Online Courses LSOCs: Large Scale Online Courses VLE on LSOCs Learning Contents Contents Platform User Authentication Learning Application 4
  5. 5. LSOCs Have Large Scale and Diversity Learners Unemployed, elderly, Coursera-student-map * physically challenged, and NEET (Not in Employment, Education or Training) * http://www.dunsurfin.com/my-mooc-life-so-far-part-2/coursera-student-map/ 5
  6. 6. Challenge of VLE on the MOOCs as LSOC      High dropout rate Difficulty of user authentication A Lack of face-to-face teaching Difficulty of stable system operation A Lack of consideration on ULE CHiLOs Creative Higher Education Learning Objects 6
  7. 7. Lurkers: Learners on LSOCs 7
  8. 8. Characteristic of Learners on LSOCs Presence of lurkers Nielsen,J :Participation Inequality: Encouraging More Users to Contribute, Jakob Nielsen’s Alertbox,October, 2006, In most online communities, 90% of users are lurkers who never contribute Low completion rate http://mfeldstein.com/emerging-student-patterns-in-moocs-a-revised-graphical-view/ Common challenge of MOOCs 8
  9. 9. Trait of Lurkers Learners’ Viewing Time for Lecture Videos A real experiment with involving 30,000 learners in 2008 probability Most learners prefer one or two minute short lectures Viewing Time(minutes) 9
  10. 10. CHiLOs APPROACH 10
  11. 11. Micronized VLE, CHiLOs Creative Higher Education Learning Objects Key Key Key Key -word -word -word -word 1min 1min 1min 1min CHiLO AIF LMS LMS Lectures Micro lectures such as one-minute nano lectures CHiLO LMS Learning Contents Contents Platform Books Micro LMSs using e-books Badges User Authentication CHiLO User authentications and issues of certificate using Academic Identify Federation Communities Learning Application CHiLO Personalized learning using ubiquitous environment 11
  12. 12. CHiLO Lectures Course 1stWeek 2ndWeek ... Topic Topic ... Key Key Key Key -word -word -word -word 1min 1min 1min 1min Packaging one-minute nano lectures as e-books One Volume 12
  13. 13. CHiLO Books and CHiLO Badges CHiLO Books LMS using e-Book LMS LMS LMS Quiz Quiz Quiz Assignment Assignment Assignment AIF Issue of Certificate with AIF CHiLO badges AIF : Academic Identity Federations (SIR in Spain or GakuNin in Japan) 13
  14. 14. CHiLO Communities Users can be a connoisseur as well as a learner Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Learning connoisseur Information from the connoisseurs is automatically incorporated Personalization 14
  15. 15. Implementation of CHiLOs 15
  16. 16. The Block Diagram of CHiLOs’ Implement http://chilos.jp Distribute Under development iPad/iPhone/Android Device Learning Contents one-minute nano lectures CHiLO Lectures Contents Platform iBooks / EPUB CHiLO Books API Control Server Learning Application CHiLO LMS CHiLO Badges Canvas Moodle Quiz module Quiz module Open Badge User Authentication Sakai Quiz module Communities Open Badge SNS Open Badge Individual SNS Facebook Open ID AIF(GakuNin) 16
  17. 17. An example of CHiLO Book CHiLO Communities CHiLO badges One minute nano lecture Slide Script CHiLO Books test on Moodle 17
  18. 18. Conclusion 18
  19. 19. The benefits and disadvantages The CHiLOs should be a micronized VLE.  The benefits » The CHiLO Lectures : Enhancement of learning effects. » The CHiLO Books : Scalability for distributed systems on LSOCs. » The CHiLO Communities: Supportive peer-to-peer VLE.  Disadvantages » Management of the big data. 19
  20. 20. CHiLOs’ Portal http://chilos.jp/ 20

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