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CHiLO: Using an e-textbook to create an ad-hoc m- learning environment

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Frontiers in Education 2015

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CHiLO: Using an e-textbook to create an ad-hoc m- learning environment

  1. 1. CHiLO: Using an e-textbook to create an ad-hoc m- learning environmentMasumi Hori(CCC-TIES), Seishi Ono(CCC-TIES), Shinzo Kobayashi(Smile NC), Kazutsuna Yamaji(NII), Toshihiro Kita(Kumamoto University), and Tsuneo Yamada (OUJ) Frontiers in Education 2015
  2. 2. Outline • Challenges in Large Scale Online Course – The geographical digital divide – General disadvantage of mobile device – Potentials of e-book and ad-hoc network • Proposed system: CHiLO • CHiLO pilot study • Conclusion and future work Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 2
  3. 3. Few enrollment from developing countries Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 3 UNESCO Institute for Statistic; http://www.uis.unesco.org/Pages/default.aspx Developed countries 18,324,287, 6% Developing countries 309,378,871, 94% Population of the school age for post-secondary education Developed countries 2,530,555, 85% Developing countries 443,294, 15% Worldwide enrollment data for HarvardX courses HarvardX Insights; http://harvardx.harvard.edu/insights/splash
  4. 4. Digital Divide by region Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 4 PC penetration demographics (2012) Report: Changing PC sector, market share, emerging markets, forecast considerations (https://www.ventureoutsource.com/contract- manufacturing/product-market-segments/pc- computing/report-changing-pc-sector-market-share- emerging-markets-forecast-com) Internet user demographics (2014)
  5. 5. Mobile Penetration in Developing Country 5 ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database Active mobile-broadband subscriptions Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Mobile Device – Small screen – No keyboards – Network speed and its reliability – Application dependent content formats E-Book – Simple operation like traditional books • Flipping pages, Per-page design, … – No need for Internet connection while reading – Device independent standard format • EPUB3 Disadvantages of Mobile Devices 6 Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2007). Mobile usability in educational contexts: what have we learnt?. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 8(2). Corbeil, J., Valdes-Corbeil, M. (2007). Are you ready for mobile learning?. Educause Quarterly, 30(2), 51. Solution! Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Potentials of E-book and Ad-hoc Network • The EPUB3 – Packaging media-rich and interactive learning resources in a single-file format Videos, images, HTML5, JavaScript, JSON and other resources 7 Sharing e-Books between mobile devices using mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) Ad-hoc network Should be Incorporated! Should be Incorporated! Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  8. 8. Integrated Authentication Framework OAuth, SAML Proposed Systems Moodle CHiLO Badge (Mozilla Open Badges) Assessment & Badges Facebook Twitter Google+ CHiLO Community SNS and/or LMS Forum CHiLO Book CHiLO Lecture One-minute nano lecture video clips CHiLO Producer Creative Higher Education with Learning Object: CHiLO CHiLO Book Reader Ad-hoc network The target of a pilot study Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 8
  9. 9. How a CHiLO Book Looks Like 9 Explanation using text and videos Tests and reports Issuing completion badges iBooks reader, Google play books and Readium Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Contents – NIHONGO STARTER A1 in English – All 10 Volumes Terms Distribution Channels – E-Book (EPUB3) • OUJ-MOOC • iBooks Store • Google books – Web (HTML5) • OUJ-MOOC Learning Community – Facebook Group Feasibility Study Start Term Term 1 4/14/2014 35 days Term 2 6/ 2/2014 35 days Term 3 8/ 4/2014 73 days Term 4 11/ 3/2014 49 days Term 5 1/13/2015 70 days Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 10
  11. 11. Number of Downloads 11 Downloaded from 103 countries Distribution Channel Format Number of Downloads OUJ-MOOC HTML5 4,911 EPUB3 5,132 iBooks Store EPUB3 3,715 Google Play books EPUB3 8,370 Total 22,128 HTML5: 20.3±15.2% EPUB3: 79.7±15.2% → Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  12. 12. Downloads from UN Developing Countries Developed countries 11,756, 53% Developing countries 10,372, 47% Developing countries, 47% of downloads Number of Downloads by countries Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 12
  13. 13. Different Types of the Devices Accessed to the Assessment Test 13 Tendencies: Web for PCs, E-Book for Mobile From PCs: 68.7% From mobile devices : 73% Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  14. 14. Mostly EPUB3 format 16% Mostly HTML5 format 50% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Survey Results (1) (n = 105) Mainly EPUB3, sometimes HTML5 format; 12% Both EPUB3 and HTML5 format at the same rate; 6% Mainly HTML5, sometimes EPUB3 format; 16% Did you use EPUB3 format or HTML5 format CHiLO Book? 34% Users Utilized Both Formats Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 14
  15. 15. Survey Results (2) 15 Why did you choose eBook version? Why did you choose Web version? Useful to have it download ed to my device 35%Wanted to use it in non- internet connected environme nt 30% Interested in the book 17% Wanted to use the func ons within the eBook 9% Other 7% No specific reason 2% Easier to use the Web version 55% No specific reason 25% Couldn't download the eBook or could not read the eBook 11% Other 9% Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  16. 16. Conclusion • CHiLO Book has a potential of enhancing learning opportunity • E-book style is affordable formats for mobile devise. • Web style is still important in addition to E-book style • Likelihood of resolution – The e-book style is not as easy to use as the web style 16 Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved.
  17. 17. CHiLO Reader Local File Web browser Web based epub reader Future work: Developing CHiLO Reader Android mobile device CHiLO Reader PAN Web Server Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 17
  18. 18. Copyright © 2015 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 18 http://www.cccties.org/en/activities/chilo/

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