Economics of the 3 Rs - Marc Fournier, Lasell College


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Presentation delivered at MassRecycle's 4th Annual Green Office / Green Facility Conference, Bentley University, June 15, 2010. Get invited to next year’s conference by signing up to MassRecycle’s free email newsletter at

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Economics of the 3 Rs - Marc Fournier, Lasell College

  1. 1. Marc Fournier Assistant Director for Plant Operations & Sustainability, LEED AP
  2. 2.  Saving money (over the long term)  Complying with Massachusetts Waste Ban and Universal Waste regulations  Conserving valuable natural resources  Employee motivation and OTJ satisfaction  Mitigating the effects of climate change for us and our kids  Doing the right thing
  3. 3.  We are here to help you with your individual issues!
  4. 4. Top Five Materials Disposed in 2000 in Comparison With All Other Materials Paper 28% Food 18% All Other Materials 26% C&D 10% Other Organics 11% Corrugated Cardboard 7%
  5. 5. “Waste Ban" regulations (310 CMR 19.017) prohibit Massachusetts solid waste management facilities from accepting the following recyclable and/or toxic items for disposal or transfer for disposal.  Construction & Demolition Materials: Asphalt Pavement, Brick, Concrete, Metal & Wood *  Cathode Ray Tubes  Glass Containers  Lead Acid Batteries  Leaves &Yard Wastes  Metal Containers  Recyclable Cardboard & Paper  Single Polymer Plastics  Whole Tires  White Goods (Large Appliances)
  6. 6. UniversalWastes covered in the Massachusetts Rule:  Hazardous batteries, primarily nickel cadmium (NiCd) and button batteries;  Mercury-containing devices, such as thermostats, manometers, switches, water meters, thermometers, and gauges;  Mercury-containing lamps, such as fluorescent lamps; and  Hazardous waste pesticides, e.g. mercury-based pesticides, arsenicals, and chlorinated pesticides; banned or suspended pesticides; pesticides subject to recall by the manufacturer or FIFRA; certain unused pesticides, and/or pesticides collected in a state- approved waste pesticide collection program.
  7. 7.  No one size fits all: size, sectors, materials, geography  Small and medium businesses are underserved  Municipalities can play a role
  8. 8.  Adjoining businesses  Private businesses & public entities (muni’s, state institutions, etc.)  Large & small businesses  Business recycling organizations: Center for Ecological Technology, IRN, etc.
  9. 9.  Haulers/Recyclers  Business organizations like the Chamber of Commerce, Rotary Club, Lions Club  Piggy-backing off of existing business projects/programs  Personal relationships are so important!
  10. 10.  Evaluate your current system (hauler name, contract details, service level, costs)  Identify who arranges for & pays for waste management services  Search for prospective partners in your building or local area  Perform a waste audit to determine type and quantity of recyclables that could be diverted
  11. 11.  Indentify suitable collection areas at your business and nearby  Determine container, signage, and employee education needs  Identify an in-house leader  Identify and work with willing, enthusiastic haulers on source reduction/recycling/trash collection options  Perform due diligence regarding your recycler/hauler’s claims (beware the “Dirty MRF’s)  Monitor and make adjustments continuously, especially by reducing your trash collection services as recycling increases
  12. 12. In order of relative priority:  Cardboard  Mixed Paper  Bottles & Cans (aluminum, steel, plastic, & glass) – especially from food service operations  Organics  Universal wastes
  13. 13.  Dual stream – where fiber and container streams are collected separately  Single stream – where fiber and container streams are collected together  There is still a vigorous debate ensuing about the merits and drawbacks of both systems, although the single stream train has left the station…
  14. 14.  Resource Management (RM) compensates waste contractors based on performance in achieving waste reduction goals rather than the volume of waste disposed  RM aligns waste contractor incentives with the client’s recycling & waste reduction goals  Fosters innovative approaches that reduce the use of materials, lower waste, increase recycling, and lower costs  One example: sharing the revenue obtained from the sale of recyclables between the client and recycler/waste hauler
  15. 15.  Access  Color coding  Labeling
  16. 16.  Designed and constructed a new recycling and trash transfer site at Forest Suites at Lasell College  Resulted in greater efficiency, higher recycling rates, and improved working conditions for staff
  17. 17.  Winslow boiler room used for storing electronics, toner cartridges, and electronic media for recycling  Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corp. (RBRC) boxes placed in IT, Plant Operations, and the Bookstore for recycling rechargeable batteries  Karandon Garage at Lasell College converted from landscape storage to a recycling center for scrap metal, mercury containing products, paint, and other materials
  18. 18.  Lasell College partnered with the Wellesley, MA Recycling & Disposal Facility 4.5 miles away to recycle scrap metal, cardboard, paint, air conditioners, tires, and other materials
  19. 19.  The most important component – often forgotten  Monitor continuously  Translate into the languages used by your employees
  20. 20.  Engage your employees in developing new systems  Many of them really want to do the right thing and will surprise you by helping create innovative ways to help out
  21. 21.  Lasell College began purchasing remanufactured toner cartridges through New England Office Supplies  Instituted a blind program to purchase post-consumer recycled content copy paper  Savings from purchasing remanufactured toner cartridges used to offset higher recycled copy paper costs  New campus standard developed to print business cards on post-consumer recycled content paper and list it on our cards
  22. 22.  Reusable totes and other containers  Donations of surplus food, furniture, appliances, equipment, etc.
  23. 23. Marc Fournier Assistant Director for Plant Operations & Sustainability, LEED AP Lasell College 1844 Commonwealth Avenue Newton, MA 02466 (617) 243-2291, (617) 721-0223 (cell)