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  1. 1. Same Sex Marriage<br />MasitMatisons<br />Gender Roles<br />Erica Dixon<br />3/15/10<br />
  2. 2. Background<br />This study shows the institutional discrimination on psychiatric disorders on lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. Few legal policies in recent memory have been as contentiouslydebated as gay marriage. In 1996, the US Congress passed the Defense of Marriage Act, which defined marriage as a legal union solely between a man and a woman. <br />This study consisted of two waves. The sample wave 1, young adults, Hispanics, and African Americans were oversampled, and the overall response rate was 81%. Of the 43093 wave 1 participants, 34653 participated in face-to-face re interviews at wave 2. The wave 2 response rate of eligible participants was 86.7%. The cumulative response rate at wave 2 was 70.2% (Hatzenbuehler et al. 2010). <br />
  3. 3. Background<br />Participants were classified as LCB on the basis of self identification (Hatzenbuehler et al. 2010). Each participant was asked, “Which of the categories best describes you?” Their answer choices were heterosexual, bisexual, gay or lesbian, and not sure. 577 participants identified themselves as LCB. Next they brought the psychiatric disorders into play. <br />The results from this study proved that mood disorders increased more than 30% from wave 1 to wave 2 among LCB participants in states with amendments, and the increase was very significant. On the contrast, mood disorders declined more than 20% in states that didn’t have amendments.<br />
  4. 4. Hypothesis<br />From current research, only a few of the fifty states have approved same sex marriage and outside of the United States not many countries have approved for same sex marriage. The growing number of same sex couples may create social and political pressure. Many people believe same sex marriage is supposed to be between a man and a woman, not a couple of the same sex. <br />
  5. 5. The method I chose that would best provide me with the best answers for my research was documents. I found research from South Africa and they were trying to legalize same sex marriage. This study fit my research because it studied the same question that I am researching. Many people still frown upon same sex marriage, because they believe it should be between a man and women, not two people of the same gender. <br />The survey consisted of an 18-item questionnaire to assess attitudes and peoples beliefs regarding same sex marriage. Statements about same sex marriage and homosexuality were based on literature about homosexual beliefs and attitudes. <br />Methods<br />
  6. 6. Subjects<br />The participants in the study<br />were 150 undergraduate<br />students attending a<br />predominantly black university<br />in South Africa. The students<br />were recruited in the second<br />semester of 2006 when the Civil<br />Unions Bill legalizing<br />homosexual marriages was<br />being debated in the country. <br />They were all enrolled in a<br />introductory psychology course.<br />The mean age was 18.3 years.<br />Themajority were female being<br />(83%) and Christian (68%). <br />
  7. 7. Results<br />About 44% of the students were against the idea that homosexuality should be socially acceptable in South Africa. <br />The students considered homosexuality to be immoral. Surprisingly, only 41% of the participants thought that the government was correct in granting homosexuals equal rights. <br />About 37% of the participants did not believe it was wrong to show acts of discrimination against homosexual people.<br />Another 46% also believed that homosexual couples should not have the right to adopt children. <br />
  8. 8. Up to 71% of the participants thought it was different for people of the same sex to become married. <br />51% of them believed same sex marriages should be respected, while the other half of the participants (49%) were against that.<br />A higher percentage (55%) were for same sex marriages being protected as a human right, while 45% believed that same sex couples should not have that kind of legal protection. <br />Two thirds (66%) of the participants believe that marriage is a religious contract, with 55% attributing their attitudes toward homosexual people to their religious background. <br />No gender or religious differences with regard to same sex beliefs and attitudes. 69% supported religious groups that were opposed to same sex marriages in South Africa (Mwaba, 2009). <br />Results<br />
  9. 9. Conclusion<br />What I got and learned from this study is that many people do believe that marriage is supposed to be between a man and a woman and not a couple of the same sex. These results defiantly supported my hypothesis. I found it interesting that in South Africa they had the same beliefs and thoughts like we do in the United States, because they have different religious beliefs, but not when it comes to same sex marriage. <br />I was very happy with my results. I decided to go with documents because I figured homosexuality was a touchy subject and many people are afraid to express their homosexuality. I didn’t do a survey because of that. I figured many people wouldn’t answer truthfully and I wouldn’t get the right results. So I thought by using documents I would get other people’s perspective on same sex marriage and I wanted to use subjects from a different country because of their different beliefs. <br />
  10. 10. Data<br />
  11. 11. References<br />Mwaba, Kelvin. 2009. “Attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality and same sex marriage among a sample of South African students.”Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal; 2009, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p801-804, 4p. Retrieved on March 13, 2010 ( <br />Hatzenbuehler, Mark L., McLaughlin, Katie A., Keyes, Katherine M., Hasin, Deborah S. 2010. “The Impact of Institutional Discrimination on Psychiatric Disorders in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: A Prospective Study.” American Journal of Public Health; March 2010, Vol 100 Issue 3. p452-459, 8p. Retrieved on March 13, 2010 ( <br />