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MASHIF MEHBOOB
RANA ANEES
ARSLAN AKBER
MUHAMMAD ALI
NASIK ALI
GROUP MEMBERS
New7Wonders of the World (2000–2007) was a campaign
started in 2000 to choose Wonders of the World from a
selection of 200 existing monuments.
The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard
Weber and organized by the New7Wonders Foundation
based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on
7 July 2007 in Lisbon.
The New7Wonders Foundation said that more than 100
million votes were cast through the Internet or by
telephone.Voting via the Internet was limited to one vote
for seven monuments per person/identity, but multiple
voting was possible through telephone.
INTRODUCTION:
Great Wall of China (China)
Christ the Redeemer Statue (Rio de Janeiro)
Machu Picchu (Peru)
Chichen Itza (Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico)
The Roman Colosseum (Rome)
Taj Mahal (Agra, India)
New Seven Wonders of theWorld
ChristThe Redeemer Statue
ChristThe Redeemer Statue is an Art Deco statue of Jesus
Christ located on Corcovado mountain in Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil.
Created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by
Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration
with French engineer Albert Caquot.
Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the
face.
Constructed between 1922 and 1931.
LOCATION AND DESIGNER:
The statue is 30 metres (98 ft) high, excluding its
8-metre (26 ft) pedestal.
The arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide.
The statue weighs 635 metric tons (625 long,
700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the
700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in
the Tijuca Forest.
It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
PHYSICAL FEATURES:
One of the Christ the Redeemer statue facts is the
mounts on which this statue was built have an
odd shape. It was almost impossible to build a
structure like this when the idea was proposed in
the 18th century.
It would have been impossible to construct such a
huge structure on such an oddly shaped
mountain. Hence this is known as one of the
seven wonders of the world for its religious
significances and architectural marvel.
WHY STATUE CHRIST AWONDER:
In the 1850s the Vincentian priest Pedro Maria Boss
suggested placing a Christian monument on Mount
Corcovado to honour Isabel, princess regent of Brazil and
the daughter of Emperor Pedro II, although the project
was never approved.
In 1921 Epitácio Pessoa to allow the construction of the
statue on Mount Corcovado. Permission was granted, and
the foundation stone of the base was ceremonially laid on
April 4, 1922—to commemorate the centennial on that
day of Brazil’s independence from Portugal.
BRIEF HISTORY:
Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa was chosen as a designer on the
basis of his sketches of a figure of Christ holding a cross in his right hand and
the world in his left.
Oswald has been credited with the idea for the figure’s standing pose with
arms spread wide.
The French sculptor Paul Landowski, who collaborated with Silva Costa on
the final design, has been credited as the primary designer of the figure’s
head and hands.
Funds were raised privately, principally by the church. Under Silva Costa’s
supervision, construction began in 1926 and continued for five years.
After its completion, the statue was dedicated on October 12, 1931.
BRIEF HISTORY:
In 1990, several organizations, including the Archdiocese
of Rio de Janeiro, media company Grupo Globo, oil
company Shell, environmental regulator IBAMA, National
Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage, and the city
government of Rio de Janeiro entered an agreement to
conduct restoration work.
More work on the statue and its environs was conducted
in 2003 and early 2010. In 2003, a set of escalators,
walkways, and elevators were installed to facilitate access
to the platform surrounding the statue.
RESTORATION:
•The four-month restoration in
2010 focused on the statue itself.
•The restoration involved one hundred
people and used more than 60,000 pieces
of stone taken from the same quarry as the
original statue.
RESTORATION:
AFTER
RESTORATIO
N
RESTORATION
WORK
Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is the most visited tourist attraction in Peru. It
is 70 kms northwest of Cusco.
Machu Picchu was constructed ound 1450, at the height of
the Inca empire, and was abandoned less than 100 years later,
as the empire collapsed under Spanish conquest.
The presence of numerous temples and ritual structures
indicate that Machu Picchu held spiritual significance for the
Inca.
Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle grew to enshroud
the site, and few knew of its existence.
It wasn’t until 1911 that american historian and explorer
Hiram Bingham brought the “lost” city to the world’s
attention.
Machu Picchu stands in the middle of a tropical mountain forest,
in an extraordinarily beautiful setting.
It was an amazing urban creation of Inca Empire at its height;
its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if
they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock
escarpments.The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of
the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin
with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.
The space is composed of
140 constructions
including temples,
sanctuaries, parks and
residences, houses with
thatched roofs.
Machu Picchu is a
UNESCO
World Heritage site.
t is Peru’s most
visited tourist
attraction (400,000
in
2003) and major
revenue
generator.
Many tourists take morning train from Cusco (3.5 hours
journey) explore the ruins for a few hours and return to Cusco
in the afternoon. From Puente Ruinas station buses take tourists
up the mountain to Machu Picchu.
All of the construction in
Machu Picchu uses the classic
Inca architectural style of
polished dry-stone walls of
regular shape. The Incas were
masters of this technique,
called ashlar, in which
blocks of stone are cut to fit
together tightly without
mortar.
How they moved and placed
enormous blocks of stones is a
mystery, although the general
belief is that they used
hundreds of men to push the
stones up inclined planes.
Llamas keep
the grass tidy
and are
capable of
reaching many
spots
inaccessible by
lawnmowers
or sheep.
The citadel is a protected
area due to the enormous
natural and cultural
attraction that it has.
Machu Picchu is full of a
mysterious nature which
attracts many researchers
and tourists. It is
considered as the most
amazing urban creation of
the Inca Empire and one of
the most important
heritage sites in the world.
Introduction
Flavian Amphitheatre
Built between A.D. 70 and 80 A.D., it
was in use for some 500 years.
It was capable of holding 50,000
spectators.
Area covered: 6 acres, Height: 48m
It is the world’s largest amphitheater,
with over 80 entrances.
Over Six million visitors in 2016
Construction
Estimated 100,000 Jewish prisoners
Along with this free source of unskilled
labor, teams of professional Roman
builders, engineers, artists, painters
and decorators undertook the more
specialized tasks
Constructed with several different
materials: wood, limestone, tuff, tiles,
cement.
Some parts of the Colosseum have
crumbled — from earthquakes, or
looters, or vandals, or fire.
Use And Interesting Facts
Most notable were gladiator fights
called munera.
Men battling animals
It was used for hunting shows, as well
as public executions, for four centuries.
Used temporarily as a housing
complex.
The animal hunt, or venatio , mainly
imported from Africa and the Middle
East
Used as chapel
Use and Interesting Facts
Flora
Trajan is said to have celebrated his victories in Dacia in 107 with contests
involving 11,000 animals and 10,000 gladiators over the course of 123 days.
Other performances would also take place by acrobats and magicians,
typically during the intervals.
According to some estimates, about 500,000 people died in the Colosseum.
Additionally, so many animals were captured and then killed there that
certain species reportedly became extinct.
Interesting Fact
The Colosseum is synonymous with slaughter
and death, be it of criminals, professional
fighters, or innocent civilians. With this in mind,
since the year 2000, the Colosseum has come to
represent the opposite. In support of the
campaign against the death penalty, every time
a sentence of capital punishment is canceled,
the Colosseum’s night lighting is changed from
white to gold.
Today
The Colosseum today is now a major tourist
attraction in Rome with thousands of
tourists each year entering to view the
interior arena.
much larger concerts have been held just
outside, using the Colosseum as a backdrop
Because of the ruined state of the interior,
it is impractical to use the Colosseum to
host large events.
RestorationWork
2011-13 The restoration is the first full cleaning and repair in the Colosseum's
history.
Replace the metal enclosures that block the ground-level arches
Replaced the floors by the end of 2018.
Interior Exterior
Arena and hypogeum
Network of
tunnels and
cages
Why it is called as wonders of the
world?
It was a prodigious feat of engineering for
its time, and a focal point of Roman civic
life.That, and the fact that it has survived
for nearly 2,000 years, makes it quite
remarkable. It was completed in 80 A.D.
After 8 years in construction and could
accommodate a crowd size of 80,000!
Tell how they are civillized and developed
Historical evidence of roman civic life
The TAJ MAHAL is considered as one of the seven
wonders of the world, located in Agra, India.
It was built by Mughal Emperor SHAH JAHAN in
memory of his third wife, MUMTAZ MAHAL.
In 1631, the greatest Mughal emperor „SHAH JAHAN‟
was grief stricken when his third wife, „MUMUTAZ
MAHAL’ died during the birth of their 14th child.
The construction began in 1632.The principal
mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the
surrounding buildings and garden were finished five
years later. The total completion of the masterpiece
took about 22 years.
INTRODUCTION
 Construction of the Taj Mahal cost an estimated
32 million Indian rupees (the equivalent of over
US $1 billion at the time).
 Shah Jahan was not permitted to enter the Taj
Mahal during the final years of his life.
 It’s a myth that the hands of the workers were
cut off after the making of Taj Mahal to avoid
similar construction again.
INTERESTING FACTS
 The Taj Mahal is closed on Fridays for prayers
since it has an active working mosque in its
premises.
 Shah Jahan’s other wives and favourite
servants are buried in the mausoleums
(outside the Taj Mahal but in the same
complex).
 Approximately 8 million tourists visit the Taj
Mahal per year.
FACTS
• During the day, theTaj
Mahal takes on several
different colours. By the
light of the morningSun, the
tomb appears pink whereas
in the evening, it turns milky
white.Once the Sun has set,
theTaj Mahal turns golden
when lit by the Moon.
• Approximately 8 million
tourists visit theTaj Mahal
per year.
GREAT WALL OF
CHINA
LOCATION
North China from east to west
The sites of the GreatWall stretch
across 15 provinces of China.
It extends from the shanhai pass
at the seaside in the Hebei
province in the east to the Jiayu
pass in Gansu province in the
west.
 Mis conception about Beijing is
the only place to see the Great
Wall.
WHY Great wall of China AWONDER:
The Great Wall
of China – longest man-
made structure ever
built – is considered one
of the greatest wonders
of the world, and is
a UNESCO World
Heritage Site.
PHYSICAL FEATURES:
The average height of the walls
is 6 to 7 meters (20 to 23
feet), and the highest is 14 meters (46
feet ).
The average width is 6.5
meters (21.3 feet).
The Great Wall is about 2,700
years old.
1,000, 000 laborers recruited for
construction
1/3 of the walls have disappeared.
50 million visitors every year
RESTORATION:
WE HAVETO STICKTO ORIGINAL FORMAT
The Great Wall of China is threatened with
erosion.The northwestern sections (e.g. in
Gansu and Ningxia provinces) of the Great Wall
are deteriorating so quickly. It is believed that
these sections may disappear within 20 years,
due to demolishment by nature and human.
Shocking facts
It can be seen with naked eye
Rice flour used
The GreatWall of China has been called the longest cemetery
on Earth several shorter structures joined together.
Another very popular myth is that the GreatWall
The GreatWall is wide enough in some places to drive a car
over it
 Story of "Men Jiangnu’s Bitter Weeping"
 LABOURS
 THE WALL WELCOMES WORLD
LEADERS
 YOU CAN DIVE ON THE GREAT WALL
 ONE PART ENDS IN THE SEA
 THE OLDEST PARTS ARE MORE THAN
2,500 YEARS OLD
 This is more than half of the
circumference of the equator
CHICHEN ITZA , MEXICO
LOCATION :
Chichén Itzá, ruined ancient Maya city
occupying an area of 4 square miles (10
square km) Mexico.
It is located some 90 miles (150 km) east-
northeast of Uxmal and 75 miles (120 km)
east-southeast of the modern city of Mérida
 It is thought that the construction of
Chichen Itza began during 750 and 900 AD.
LITERAL MEANING
 Two big cenotes on the site made it a
suitable place for the city and gave it its
name, from chi (“mouths”), chen(“wells”),
and Itzá, the name of the Maya tribe that
settled there
 The meaning of the name 'Chichen Itza' is
'at the mouth of the well of the Itza’.
REASONS FOR BEING FAMOUS
The pyramid is known as 'El Castillo' and the
'Temple of Kukulkan'. This fabulous structure
has one stepfor every day of the year - 365
steps in total. The pyramid forms a temple
with four sides; each side has 91 steps
making the top level the 365th step.
The only source of water available to the
people of Chichen Itza was provided through
natural sinkholes known as cenotes. There
were no rivers or streams passing through
this area.
Chichen known for its Great Ball Court,
having 20 ft stone rings upon its two
walls.The ball court is continuous
between the walls and is open to the sky.
The northern, southern and eastern sides
Itza is also support temples, which were
probably used for rituals.
ART AND ARTITECTURE
The place is surrounded by a
variety of objects portraying art
and architecture at that time.
Shocking facts
Chichen Itza is a famous archaeological site located in the Mexico
Chichen Itza is the second most popular site for visitors to
Mexico. Discovered & Re-Discovered!
The Chichen Itza has discovered in the year 514AD by the priest Lakin
Chan who was also called Itzamna. It was re-discovered by an American
explorer John L. Stephens in 1841.
Many of the sites in Chichen Itza are known for their unusual
sounds. If you clap once from one end of the Ball Court, it produces
nine echoes in the middle of the court.
One Of The Driest Areas Of Southeast Mexico!
An Observatory For Astronomical Events
Decline Of Chichen Itza
Studies show that in 1221 AD, a revolt and civil war arose and archeological evidence
confirms that the wooden roofs of the great market and theTemple of theWarriors
were burned.Thus, the Chichen Itza went into decline as rulership overYucatan
shifted to Mayapan.
Skilled Population
The city had the most diverse population in any Maya population with around 50,000
people.The people were very skilled craftsmen including sculptors, weavers, jewelers
and potters
Abondoned by inhabitant
Chichen Itza was abandoned by its inhabitants in the 1400s. The reason for this
remains unclear; however, it is thought that droughts in the area and lack of
water may have been a likely cause
Death AtTheVenue!
Till 2006, it was allowed to climb the steps of the pyramid. But after an accidental death of a
San Diego,Californian woman, it was closed..
PETRA
Petra is located in Ma’an Governorate (‫معان‬ ‫,)محافظة‬ Jordan.
Petra is believed to be settled as early as 9,000BC and it was
possibly established in the 4th century BC.
It lies on the slope of Jabal Al-Madbah (‫المذبح‬ ‫)جبل‬ in the Valley of
Arabah (‫عربة‬ ‫.)وادي‬
It remained unknown to the western world till 1812.
Area:- 264 square kilometers (102 sq mil).
Elevation:- 810 m (2,657 ft).
The city is accessed through a 1.2 kilometer long (0.75 mil) gorge
called “Siq”, which leads directly to the Khazneh (‫.)الخزنة‬
The Nabataeans provided their city with great tunnels and water
chambers.
Petra is originally known of its inhebitants as Raqmu.
A historical and archeological city in southern Jordan.
Petra was the capital of Nabatocan kingdom.
Petra is famous for many of its stone structures.
Such as a temple carved with classical facades into rose colored rock.
Petra (‫اء‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫)ٱل‬
Jordan
We need these wonders to help us know about why they were
built, like Roman Colosseum was built to celebrate victory over
war. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is needed because it
symbolises love because it shows us how special love is. These
wonders are also needed to show people their heritage and
culture. Lastly we need them to find our their significance and
importance in the modern world. They could have been
compared with the modern wonders to find out the differences
as to why they are referred to as being ancient.
QUOTE
“Nature has created countless number of wonders, we
got a long way to go as man have created only seven”
CONCLUSION
THANK YOU

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7 New Wonders of the World

  • 1.
  • 2. MASHIF MEHBOOB RANA ANEES ARSLAN AKBER MUHAMMAD ALI NASIK ALI GROUP MEMBERS
  • 3.
  • 4. New7Wonders of the World (2000–2007) was a campaign started in 2000 to choose Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments. The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the New7Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on 7 July 2007 in Lisbon. The New7Wonders Foundation said that more than 100 million votes were cast through the Internet or by telephone.Voting via the Internet was limited to one vote for seven monuments per person/identity, but multiple voting was possible through telephone. INTRODUCTION:
  • 5. Great Wall of China (China) Christ the Redeemer Statue (Rio de Janeiro) Machu Picchu (Peru) Chichen Itza (Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico) The Roman Colosseum (Rome) Taj Mahal (Agra, India) New Seven Wonders of theWorld
  • 7. ChristThe Redeemer Statue is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ located on Corcovado mountain in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with French engineer Albert Caquot. Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the face. Constructed between 1922 and 1931. LOCATION AND DESIGNER:
  • 8. The statue is 30 metres (98 ft) high, excluding its 8-metre (26 ft) pedestal. The arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide. The statue weighs 635 metric tons (625 long, 700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone. PHYSICAL FEATURES:
  • 9. One of the Christ the Redeemer statue facts is the mounts on which this statue was built have an odd shape. It was almost impossible to build a structure like this when the idea was proposed in the 18th century. It would have been impossible to construct such a huge structure on such an oddly shaped mountain. Hence this is known as one of the seven wonders of the world for its religious significances and architectural marvel. WHY STATUE CHRIST AWONDER:
  • 10. In the 1850s the Vincentian priest Pedro Maria Boss suggested placing a Christian monument on Mount Corcovado to honour Isabel, princess regent of Brazil and the daughter of Emperor Pedro II, although the project was never approved. In 1921 Epitácio Pessoa to allow the construction of the statue on Mount Corcovado. Permission was granted, and the foundation stone of the base was ceremonially laid on April 4, 1922—to commemorate the centennial on that day of Brazil’s independence from Portugal. BRIEF HISTORY:
  • 11. Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa was chosen as a designer on the basis of his sketches of a figure of Christ holding a cross in his right hand and the world in his left. Oswald has been credited with the idea for the figure’s standing pose with arms spread wide. The French sculptor Paul Landowski, who collaborated with Silva Costa on the final design, has been credited as the primary designer of the figure’s head and hands. Funds were raised privately, principally by the church. Under Silva Costa’s supervision, construction began in 1926 and continued for five years. After its completion, the statue was dedicated on October 12, 1931. BRIEF HISTORY:
  • 12. In 1990, several organizations, including the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro, media company Grupo Globo, oil company Shell, environmental regulator IBAMA, National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage, and the city government of Rio de Janeiro entered an agreement to conduct restoration work. More work on the statue and its environs was conducted in 2003 and early 2010. In 2003, a set of escalators, walkways, and elevators were installed to facilitate access to the platform surrounding the statue. RESTORATION:
  • 13. •The four-month restoration in 2010 focused on the statue itself. •The restoration involved one hundred people and used more than 60,000 pieces of stone taken from the same quarry as the original statue. RESTORATION:
  • 16. Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is the most visited tourist attraction in Peru. It is 70 kms northwest of Cusco. Machu Picchu was constructed ound 1450, at the height of the Inca empire, and was abandoned less than 100 years later, as the empire collapsed under Spanish conquest. The presence of numerous temples and ritual structures indicate that Machu Picchu held spiritual significance for the Inca. Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle grew to enshroud the site, and few knew of its existence. It wasn’t until 1911 that american historian and explorer Hiram Bingham brought the “lost” city to the world’s attention.
  • 17. Machu Picchu stands in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was an amazing urban creation of Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments.The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.
  • 18. The space is composed of 140 constructions including temples, sanctuaries, parks and residences, houses with thatched roofs. Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage site. t is Peru’s most visited tourist attraction (400,000 in 2003) and major revenue generator.
  • 19. Many tourists take morning train from Cusco (3.5 hours journey) explore the ruins for a few hours and return to Cusco in the afternoon. From Puente Ruinas station buses take tourists up the mountain to Machu Picchu.
  • 20. All of the construction in Machu Picchu uses the classic Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape. The Incas were masters of this technique, called ashlar, in which blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar. How they moved and placed enormous blocks of stones is a mystery, although the general belief is that they used hundreds of men to push the stones up inclined planes.
  • 21. Llamas keep the grass tidy and are capable of reaching many spots inaccessible by lawnmowers or sheep.
  • 22. The citadel is a protected area due to the enormous natural and cultural attraction that it has. Machu Picchu is full of a mysterious nature which attracts many researchers and tourists. It is considered as the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire and one of the most important heritage sites in the world.
  • 23. Introduction Flavian Amphitheatre Built between A.D. 70 and 80 A.D., it was in use for some 500 years. It was capable of holding 50,000 spectators. Area covered: 6 acres, Height: 48m It is the world’s largest amphitheater, with over 80 entrances. Over Six million visitors in 2016
  • 24. Construction Estimated 100,000 Jewish prisoners Along with this free source of unskilled labor, teams of professional Roman builders, engineers, artists, painters and decorators undertook the more specialized tasks Constructed with several different materials: wood, limestone, tuff, tiles, cement. Some parts of the Colosseum have crumbled — from earthquakes, or looters, or vandals, or fire.
  • 25. Use And Interesting Facts Most notable were gladiator fights called munera. Men battling animals It was used for hunting shows, as well as public executions, for four centuries. Used temporarily as a housing complex. The animal hunt, or venatio , mainly imported from Africa and the Middle East Used as chapel
  • 26. Use and Interesting Facts Flora Trajan is said to have celebrated his victories in Dacia in 107 with contests involving 11,000 animals and 10,000 gladiators over the course of 123 days. Other performances would also take place by acrobats and magicians, typically during the intervals. According to some estimates, about 500,000 people died in the Colosseum. Additionally, so many animals were captured and then killed there that certain species reportedly became extinct.
  • 27. Interesting Fact The Colosseum is synonymous with slaughter and death, be it of criminals, professional fighters, or innocent civilians. With this in mind, since the year 2000, the Colosseum has come to represent the opposite. In support of the campaign against the death penalty, every time a sentence of capital punishment is canceled, the Colosseum’s night lighting is changed from white to gold.
  • 28. Today The Colosseum today is now a major tourist attraction in Rome with thousands of tourists each year entering to view the interior arena. much larger concerts have been held just outside, using the Colosseum as a backdrop Because of the ruined state of the interior, it is impractical to use the Colosseum to host large events.
  • 29. RestorationWork 2011-13 The restoration is the first full cleaning and repair in the Colosseum's history. Replace the metal enclosures that block the ground-level arches Replaced the floors by the end of 2018.
  • 31. Arena and hypogeum Network of tunnels and cages
  • 32. Why it is called as wonders of the world? It was a prodigious feat of engineering for its time, and a focal point of Roman civic life.That, and the fact that it has survived for nearly 2,000 years, makes it quite remarkable. It was completed in 80 A.D. After 8 years in construction and could accommodate a crowd size of 80,000! Tell how they are civillized and developed Historical evidence of roman civic life
  • 33. The TAJ MAHAL is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world, located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal Emperor SHAH JAHAN in memory of his third wife, MUMTAZ MAHAL. In 1631, the greatest Mughal emperor „SHAH JAHAN‟ was grief stricken when his third wife, „MUMUTAZ MAHAL’ died during the birth of their 14th child. The construction began in 1632.The principal mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later. The total completion of the masterpiece took about 22 years. INTRODUCTION
  • 34.  Construction of the Taj Mahal cost an estimated 32 million Indian rupees (the equivalent of over US $1 billion at the time).  Shah Jahan was not permitted to enter the Taj Mahal during the final years of his life.  It’s a myth that the hands of the workers were cut off after the making of Taj Mahal to avoid similar construction again. INTERESTING FACTS
  • 35.
  • 36.  The Taj Mahal is closed on Fridays for prayers since it has an active working mosque in its premises.  Shah Jahan’s other wives and favourite servants are buried in the mausoleums (outside the Taj Mahal but in the same complex).  Approximately 8 million tourists visit the Taj Mahal per year. FACTS
  • 37.
  • 38. • During the day, theTaj Mahal takes on several different colours. By the light of the morningSun, the tomb appears pink whereas in the evening, it turns milky white.Once the Sun has set, theTaj Mahal turns golden when lit by the Moon. • Approximately 8 million tourists visit theTaj Mahal per year.
  • 39.
  • 41. LOCATION North China from east to west The sites of the GreatWall stretch across 15 provinces of China. It extends from the shanhai pass at the seaside in the Hebei province in the east to the Jiayu pass in Gansu province in the west.  Mis conception about Beijing is the only place to see the Great Wall.
  • 42.
  • 43. WHY Great wall of China AWONDER: The Great Wall of China – longest man- made structure ever built – is considered one of the greatest wonders of the world, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • 44. PHYSICAL FEATURES: The average height of the walls is 6 to 7 meters (20 to 23 feet), and the highest is 14 meters (46 feet ). The average width is 6.5 meters (21.3 feet). The Great Wall is about 2,700 years old. 1,000, 000 laborers recruited for construction 1/3 of the walls have disappeared. 50 million visitors every year
  • 45. RESTORATION: WE HAVETO STICKTO ORIGINAL FORMAT The Great Wall of China is threatened with erosion.The northwestern sections (e.g. in Gansu and Ningxia provinces) of the Great Wall are deteriorating so quickly. It is believed that these sections may disappear within 20 years, due to demolishment by nature and human.
  • 46.
  • 47. Shocking facts It can be seen with naked eye Rice flour used The GreatWall of China has been called the longest cemetery on Earth several shorter structures joined together. Another very popular myth is that the GreatWall The GreatWall is wide enough in some places to drive a car over it  Story of "Men Jiangnu’s Bitter Weeping"
  • 48.  LABOURS  THE WALL WELCOMES WORLD LEADERS  YOU CAN DIVE ON THE GREAT WALL  ONE PART ENDS IN THE SEA  THE OLDEST PARTS ARE MORE THAN 2,500 YEARS OLD  This is more than half of the circumference of the equator
  • 49.
  • 50. CHICHEN ITZA , MEXICO
  • 51. LOCATION : Chichén Itzá, ruined ancient Maya city occupying an area of 4 square miles (10 square km) Mexico. It is located some 90 miles (150 km) east- northeast of Uxmal and 75 miles (120 km) east-southeast of the modern city of Mérida  It is thought that the construction of Chichen Itza began during 750 and 900 AD.
  • 52. LITERAL MEANING  Two big cenotes on the site made it a suitable place for the city and gave it its name, from chi (“mouths”), chen(“wells”), and Itzá, the name of the Maya tribe that settled there  The meaning of the name 'Chichen Itza' is 'at the mouth of the well of the Itza’.
  • 53. REASONS FOR BEING FAMOUS The pyramid is known as 'El Castillo' and the 'Temple of Kukulkan'. This fabulous structure has one stepfor every day of the year - 365 steps in total. The pyramid forms a temple with four sides; each side has 91 steps making the top level the 365th step. The only source of water available to the people of Chichen Itza was provided through natural sinkholes known as cenotes. There were no rivers or streams passing through this area.
  • 54. Chichen known for its Great Ball Court, having 20 ft stone rings upon its two walls.The ball court is continuous between the walls and is open to the sky. The northern, southern and eastern sides Itza is also support temples, which were probably used for rituals.
  • 55. ART AND ARTITECTURE The place is surrounded by a variety of objects portraying art and architecture at that time.
  • 56. Shocking facts Chichen Itza is a famous archaeological site located in the Mexico Chichen Itza is the second most popular site for visitors to Mexico. Discovered & Re-Discovered! The Chichen Itza has discovered in the year 514AD by the priest Lakin Chan who was also called Itzamna. It was re-discovered by an American explorer John L. Stephens in 1841. Many of the sites in Chichen Itza are known for their unusual sounds. If you clap once from one end of the Ball Court, it produces nine echoes in the middle of the court. One Of The Driest Areas Of Southeast Mexico! An Observatory For Astronomical Events
  • 57. Decline Of Chichen Itza Studies show that in 1221 AD, a revolt and civil war arose and archeological evidence confirms that the wooden roofs of the great market and theTemple of theWarriors were burned.Thus, the Chichen Itza went into decline as rulership overYucatan shifted to Mayapan. Skilled Population The city had the most diverse population in any Maya population with around 50,000 people.The people were very skilled craftsmen including sculptors, weavers, jewelers and potters Abondoned by inhabitant Chichen Itza was abandoned by its inhabitants in the 1400s. The reason for this remains unclear; however, it is thought that droughts in the area and lack of water may have been a likely cause Death AtTheVenue! Till 2006, it was allowed to climb the steps of the pyramid. But after an accidental death of a San Diego,Californian woman, it was closed..
  • 58. PETRA
  • 59. Petra is located in Ma’an Governorate (‫معان‬ ‫,)محافظة‬ Jordan. Petra is believed to be settled as early as 9,000BC and it was possibly established in the 4th century BC. It lies on the slope of Jabal Al-Madbah (‫المذبح‬ ‫)جبل‬ in the Valley of Arabah (‫عربة‬ ‫.)وادي‬ It remained unknown to the western world till 1812.
  • 60. Area:- 264 square kilometers (102 sq mil). Elevation:- 810 m (2,657 ft). The city is accessed through a 1.2 kilometer long (0.75 mil) gorge called “Siq”, which leads directly to the Khazneh (‫.)الخزنة‬ The Nabataeans provided their city with great tunnels and water chambers.
  • 61.
  • 62. Petra is originally known of its inhebitants as Raqmu. A historical and archeological city in southern Jordan. Petra was the capital of Nabatocan kingdom. Petra is famous for many of its stone structures. Such as a temple carved with classical facades into rose colored rock. Petra (‫اء‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫)ٱل‬ Jordan
  • 63. We need these wonders to help us know about why they were built, like Roman Colosseum was built to celebrate victory over war. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is needed because it symbolises love because it shows us how special love is. These wonders are also needed to show people their heritage and culture. Lastly we need them to find our their significance and importance in the modern world. They could have been compared with the modern wonders to find out the differences as to why they are referred to as being ancient. QUOTE “Nature has created countless number of wonders, we got a long way to go as man have created only seven” CONCLUSION