The Battle of Badr(Arabic: ), foughtMarch 17, 624 C.E. (17Ramadan 2 AH in theIslamic calendar)The Most Decisive Battle BetweenTruth & Falsehood
ContentsIntroductionBattle•Muhamad (pbuh)Table of facts.mapReason of the Battle of Badr.•Meccan (Quraysh)Allah permission to fightBadr in the Quran•Trade caravan of Abu Sufyan•Abu JahlRasuallah consultationImagesReview sheet
IntroductionAt the time of the battle, Arabia was sparsely populatedby a number of Arabic-speaking peoples. Some wereBedouin; pastoral nomads organized in tribes; somewere agriculturalists living either in oases in the northor in the more fertile and thickly settled areas to thesouth (now Yemen and Oman). The majority of Arabswere adherents of numerous polytheistic religions.•The battle of Badr however was the first large-scaleengagement between the two forces
Muhammad (p.b.u.h)•Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570 C.E. into the BanūHāshim clan of the Quraish tribe. When he was about forty yearsold, he is said to have experienced a divine revelation while he wasmeditating in a cave outside Mecca. He began to preach to hiskinfolk first privately and then publicly. Response to his preachingboth attracted followers and antagonized others. During this periodMuhammad was protected by his uncle Abū Tālib. When his uncledied in 619, the leadership of the Banū Hāshim passed to one ofMuhammads enemies, Amr ibn Hishām, who withdrew theprotection and stepped up persecution of the Muslim community.•In 622, with open acts of violence being committed against theMuslims by their fellow Quraishi tribesmen, Muhammad and manyof his followers fled to the neighboring city of Medina. Thismigration is called the Hijra and marked the beginning ofMuhammads reign as both a political as well as a religious leader.
Casualties<900-1000Strength313Abu Jahl†Quraish of Mecca14 killed 70 killed43-70 capturedMuhammadCommandersMuslims of MedinaCombatantsResult Decisive Muslim victoryLocation Badr, 80 miles (130 km) southwest of MedinaDate March 17, 624 C.E./17Ramadan, 2 AHBattle of Badr
Reasons of the battle.Makkan tribe (Quraysh)•Quraysh tribe had always been veryunfriendly towards the prophet, popularity ofIslam intimated them and startedconsidering Muslims as a serious threat.•Quraysh tried to join hands with Jews,hypocrites even people who lived betweenmakkah and madina to stand againstMuslims•Due to there ill behavior Prophet and hiscompanions had to migrate towards madina
Allah permission to fight•Allah revealed verses of the Quraan giving permissionto the Muslims to fight the disbelievers. Now theMuslims had the support of the Ansaar, they had aplace where Islam prevailed and where they couldretreat. It was an appropriate time for Jihad.•After the extreme and prolong attidude of MakkansAllah allow his prophet to retaliate but inselfdefence, because Islam seeks peace.•"Permission to fight is given to those (i.e.believers against those disbelievers), who arefighting them, (and) because they (believers) havebeen wronged, and surely Allah is Able to givethem (believers) victory." [(22): 39)]
The policy of deterrenceorpreventing something to happen•The state of war was between to cities•The main strength of Quraysh was theirtrade, so Rasulallah directed hiscompanions to attack caravans passingthrough route of madina to bring aneconomic pressure on the tribe.•Among one of the raids by muslims Amr BinHadrami was killed a guard of the caravanwhich gave an excuse to Makkans to revoltagainst muslims.
•On an other occasion caravan of abu Sufyaan was tobe attack ,one of the worst enemy of islam,theintentions were to use this event as a bait to bringMakkans to battle.•Abu Suffayan sends a call for help to makka.•On early relization Abu Suffyah changed course.•As soon as Abu Sufyaan got his caravan safelyaway from the Muslims, he sent another message toMakkah that they were safe and no longer requiredassistance.•But it was to late.•Abu Jahl was looking for an excuse to attack theMuslims.•He had been making preparations for almost a year,
He marched towardsMadinah with an army of1000 men,700 camels and300 horses.Abu Jahls men were welltrained and well armed withspears, swords, bows andarrows, and shields.ABU JAHL
•On hearing the news that the Kuffaar ofMakkah had left with 1000 men to destroythe Muslims, Rasulullah made(consultation)with the sahaba at Masji-e-Nabwi inMadinah.•Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (R.A.), HazratUmar (R.A.) from Muhajireen and HazratSaad bin Muaz from the Ansaar and the restof the Muslims showed their willingness anddesire to defend Islaam against falsehood.
•When Rasulullah was satisfied with thedecision, he began preparations for thedefence of Islaam.•Rasulullah left Madinah with 313 menincluding some teenage boys.•They only had:•3 horses,•70 camels•and a few swords.
•When they reached BADR, which was a mountainous region,Rasulullah made dua to Allah and pleaded :•O Allah! should this small group of believersperish this day,•no one will be left on earth•to worship you and carry your message to the