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564989665-Lesson-3-Basic-Concept-of-Hazard.pptx

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564989665-Lesson-3-Basic-Concept-of-Hazard.pptx

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564989665-Lesson-3-Basic-Concept-of-Hazard.pptx

  1. 1. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT BASIC CONCEPT OF HAZARD Third Quarter - Lesson 3
  2. 2. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Lesson Objectives Define hazards 1 Give examples of the types of hazards 2 Explain the impact of various hazards on different exposed elements. 3
  3. 3. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Why do toy manufacturers usually indicate warning labels in their products?
  4. 4. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT DEFINITION OF HAZARD
  5. 5. Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hazards are potentially damaging physical events, phenomena or human activities that may cause injury or loss of life, damage to property, social and economic disruption, or environmental degradation (UNISDR 2007).
  6. 6. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT GENERAL KIND OF HAZARD
  7. 7. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Natural Hazard These are hazards that is beyond human control.
  8. 8. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hydro-meteorological and climatological hazards 1 A process or phenomenon of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic that includes tropical cyclones, thunderstorms, hailstorms, tornados, blizzards, heavy snowfall, avalanches, coastal storm surges, floods including flash floods, drought, heatwaves and cold spells.
  9. 9. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hydro-meteorological and climatological hazards 1 Typhoons Thunderstorms Hailstorms
  10. 10. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hydro-meteorological and climatological hazards 1 Tornadoes Blizzard Stormsurge
  11. 11. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hydro-meteorological and climatological hazards 1 Flood Drought
  12. 12. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Geologic Hazards 2 Is an extreme natural events in the crust of the earth that pose a threat to life and property, for example, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis (tidal waves) and landslides.
  13. 13. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Geologic Hazards 2 Earthquake Volcanic Eruption Tsunami
  14. 14. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Geologic Hazards 2 Landslide Lahar flow
  15. 15. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Biological Hazard 3 Also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans. This can include samples of a microorganism, virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can affect human health.
  16. 16. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Biological Hazards 3 HIV Virus Tuberculosis Bacteria COVID-19 Virus
  17. 17. Natural Hazard DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Astronomical Hazard 4 A potentially hazardous object (PHO) is a near-Earth object – either an asteroid or a comet – with an orbit that can make exceptionally close approaches to the Earth and large enough to cause significant regional damage in the event of impact.
  18. 18. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hazard Induced by Humans Maybe due to accidents, carelessness, or inability to implement protective measures.
  19. 19. Hazard Induced by Humans DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Fire Hazard 1 Fire hazards are workplace hazards that involve the presence of flame or the risk of an uncontrolled fire.
  20. 20. Hazard Induced by Humans DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Industrial and Technological Hazard 2 Include industrial pollution, nuclear radiation, toxic wastes, dam failures, transport, industrial or technological accidents (explosions, fires, chemical spills). - UNISDR
  21. 21. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Industrial and Technological Hazard 2 Industrial pollution nuclear radiation toxic wastes Hazard Induced by Humans
  22. 22. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Industrial and Technological Hazard 2 Dam failure Factory explosions Chemical spills Hazard Induced by Humans
  23. 23. Hazard Induced by Humans DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT High-risk recreation hazards 3 Outdoor recreation, such as hiking, camping, canoeing, cycling, or skiing, entails risks, even if participants do not recklessly place themselves in harm's way. In some circumstances, such as being in remote locations or in extreme weather conditions, even a minor accident may create a dangerous situation that requires survival skills.
  24. 24. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT High-risk recreation hazards 3 Camping Canoeing Cycling Hazard Induced by Humans
  25. 25. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hazards Planned by People Because of personal or political interest, resulting in massive loss of lives and properties.
  26. 26. Hazards Planned by People DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Arson 1 Fire planned by people by means of personal interest.
  27. 27. Hazards Planned by People DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Terrorism 2 The unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.
  28. 28. Hazards Planned by People DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Wars 3 War is a situation or a period of fighting between countries or groups of people. A war generally involves the use of weapon, a military organization and soldiers. War is a situation in which a nation enforces its rights by using force.
  29. 29. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT HAZARD ANALYSIS
  30. 30. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hazard Analysis It is the identification, study, and monitoring of any hazard to determine its potential, origin, characteristics, and behavior. – UNISDR 2007. Purpose of Hazard Analysis Tools for Doing Hazard Analysis
  31. 31. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Purpose of Hazard Analysis
  32. 32. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Provide description of the hazards Hazard Analysis 1 Help in setting priorities corresponding to the need for protection 2 Assist in designing the appropriate DRRM system, plan, system, programs, and services. 3
  33. 33. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Tools for Doing Hazard Analysis
  34. 34. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Community hazards and disaster history construction Hazard Analysis 1 This method, the existing hazards and the disasters that the community experienced are identified.
  35. 35. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Hazard and vulnerability mapping Hazard Analysis 2 Areas in the community that are vulnerable to a specific hazard are identified then located in the map. https://www.bulacan.gov.ph/pdcc/hazardmaps.php
  36. 36. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT Factor Analysis Hazard Analysis 3 Tool describes the characteristics of the hazard in terms of frequency, duration, speed of onset, intensity, probability, forewarning, manageability.
  37. 37. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION MANAGEMENT End of the Lesson Presented by: Mr. Jervin Cedrick V. Ingaran, LPT

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