• Exemplification means to provide
examples about something .
• In essays , these examples act as
supporting material to explain or clarify a
generalization .The key to a good
exemplification essay is to use a good
detailed and specific examples to get the
Examples : such as , as , for instance , thus ,
let us , for example .
• Summary is a brief statements of main
points, especially as a conclusion to a
• Retains the essential information of the
• Quickly give the reader or listener an idea
of what this material is saying.
Examples: In conclusion, Therefore, As
expressed, Overall, Finally, lastly, For this
reason, In general, In summery, As a result,
what is this study reveals is, In a nutshell,
On the whole, to sum up, In brief, In all, To
• The word infer means to "carry forward".
• Inferences are steps in reasoning, moving
from premises to logical consequences.
• A conclusion reached on the basis of
evidence and reasoning.
• Inference from: tone, examples, context
Examples: If not, in that case, then, that
implies, otherwise, suggest, and so etc.
For example, if you
see that my watch is
broken, it can't be
repaired now and I
know the shop that
has the same
watch. So, conclusion
would be that I would
buy that watch.
Kim's baby made a
disgusted face after
trying a new food, so
you can infer that the
baby does not like
the new food.
• The time connectives are used to show
that this is a process that has several
steps and an end goal.
• These words are also adverbs, because
they tell us when something is done.
Examples: Firstly", "thank you for coming.
"Secondly" let me introduce our host. "Next",
the powder has to be ground to a fine paste.
"Finally", the processed goods are sent to
the market. I will go to the mall, "Then" I will
eat something. "Before" I go to work each
morning, I stop at cafe for coffee. You can
set the table. "Meanwhile" I will start cooking