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GEOMATIC WORLD WITH A SPECIAL LOOK TO GIS

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GEOMATIC WORLD WITH A SPECIAL LOOK TO GIS

  1. 1. MARYAM ADEL June 2013
  2. 2. OUTLINE  Geomatic Umbrella  Remote Sensing; Introduction and Application  GPS Introduction and Applications  Mapping; Introduction and Applications  Surveying; Introduction and Applications  GIS; Introduction and Applications  ArcGIS Demo Project  Q&A
  3. 3. GEOMATIC UMBRELLA Geospatial Technology GIS RS GPS Geographic Information System Remote Sensing Global Positioning System Mapping Surveying
  4. 4. Remote Sensing Obtain data from distance Platforms Platforms Airplanes up to 50 m up to 50 m Fixed Ground-Based Hand-held Helicopters High-altitude Aircraft Airborne Balloons UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Active Sensors 100 km to 36000 km Airbore Sensors Space borne rockets, satellites, shuttle Earth Satellites Communication Satellites Sensors Space Borne Sensors LiDAR Microwave Radiometer RADAR Infrared Optical RADAR Aerial Photography Vehicle Mount Passive Ground-Based Sensors CropCircle, Green Seeker LIDAR, Microwave Visible/Near Infrared Thermal
  5. 5. Remote Sensing Obtain data from distance Products Imagery Products Airbore Products LiDAR data and LiDAR Images RADAR Images Aerial Photo Remote Sensing Software: Preprocessors: ERDAS, ENVI, PCI GEOMATICA, GIS Extension: ArcGIS Image Analysis Extension Space Borne Products Ground-Based Products Infrared Images LIDAR Data Optical Images Optical Images RADAR Images Thermal Images Image Processing Techniques Spatial Information
  6. 6. Example of Remotely Sensed Data Aerial Camera Multispectral Satellite Landsat/Ikonos/Quickbard Radar Satellite Hyperspectral Sensor Hyperion 6
  7. 7. Satellite Images Advantages • • • • • • • • Covers large areas Cost effective Time efficient Multi-temporal Multi-sensor Multi-spectral Overcomes inaccessibility Faster extraction of GISready data Disadvantages • Needs ground verification • Doesn’t offer details • Not the best tool for small areas • Needs expert system to extract data 7
  8. 8. Application of Remote Sensing Agriculture Analysis include: Climate, weather; the quality, quantity, and location of arable land; population dynamics, energy production and environmental quality issues. Most Common: - Crop-Type identification - Crop condition assessment - Crop yield forecasting - Historic planting patterns - Soil vitality
  9. 9. Agriculture Crop Type Identification Is based on : - Spectral Characteristics - Image texture - Knowledge of crop development over time
  10. 10. Agriculture Crop Condition Assessment - Health and vigor of the crop Is based on : - Detection of drought, pests, flooding, and disease
  11. 11.  Forestry The most important forest information obtained from remotely sensed data is: - Detailed forest inventory data (Counting Trees) - Broad area monitoring of forest health (Fire Forest) - Assessment of forest structure in support of sustainable forest management
  12. 12. Counting Trees a close-up view of oil palm trees in an Ikonos image. Trees detected are marked with white dots and overlaid on the original image.
  13. 13.  Forestry Forest Health Fire Forest - Real-Time - Firefighter GPS - AVHRR, SPOT & MODIS - hot spot information - Post-processing - Change Detection - prediction for future hot spots Map of burnt forested areas and frequency of wildfires in Catalonia during the period 1975-1993.
  14. 14. GPS GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
  15. 15. GPS GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM SURVEY GRADE GPS EQUIPMENT 29 active satellites located in 6 orbital planes Transmitting precise time and position signals Advanced GPS Equipment TO GPS Receivers Basic GPS Equipment GPS EQUIPMENT (Receivers) Recreational GPS Equipment
  16. 16. GPS APPLICATION Fleet Management Surveying Mobile App Waze
  17. 17. MAPPING (Cartography) Map-Making  Mapping Definition  A Map is a visual representation of an area  Mapping term in fact refers to MAP that is created through some cartographic works.  scale/level of detail  content of geographic / cartographic database  symbol specification for geospatial objects  generalization  layout design
  18. 18. Examples:  Road maps Modern maps  Google Maps  Just MAP  No Tabular Data  No Analysis Tools (Basic)
  19. 19. Surveying/Land Surveying Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of accurately determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them.  Surveying Application: Transport, Building /construction, Communications, Mapping,
  20. 20. Application of Surveying in Cadastral Surveys A cadastral map is a map that shows the boundaries and ownership of land parcels.
  21. 21. WHAT IS GIS? GeoGraphic Information System or GeoSpatial Information System
  22. 22. GIS Geographic Information System
  23. 23. GIS Geographic Information System Hardware • PC (RAM, CPU, Hard Disk,...) • Digitizer • Scanner • Plotter Data Software • ESRI Products • ArcGIS, ArcInfo, ArcView • AutoCAD Map • Mapinfo • ILWIS • ERDAS • PCI Geomatica • • • • • • • Personnel Survey Photogrammetry Image Interpretation GPS Project CADD files Existing maps Internet-other websites Procedure • • • • • • • **Data - the most expensive and most important part of a GIS! Without the right data in the right format, you cannot perform the right analysis. You cannot ask questions of the data that your data cannot answer! retrieved input into the system stored managed transformed Analyzed present
  24. 24. GIS Layer GIS links spatial information (location) with descriptive information (attributes) and creates a map (layer)
  25. 25. Benefits of GIS  Geospatial data are better maintained in a standard format.  Revision and updating are easier.  Geospatial data and information are easier to search, analysis and represent.  More value added product.  Geospatial data can be shared and exchanged freely.  Productivity of the staff improved and more efficient.  Time and money are saved.  Better decision can be made. 25
  26. 26. GIS USE  Locations - What is at….?  Objects - Where is…?  Models - What if…? • Trends - What has changed since…?  Patterns - Which things are related…? 26
  27. 27. Basic Functions of GIS Data Acquisition and prepossessing Graphic output and Visualization Database Management and Retrieval Spatial Measurement and Analysis 27
  28. 28. GIS SYSTEM Input Process Data from different sources: Output Platform: ESRI Survey relational database management system Photogrammetry RDBMS Image Interpretation GIS Process GPS Project CADD files Existing maps • • Maps Cartograms Charts Directions Customer lists 3D diagrams and movies Define problem Tabular data Direct Output: Define GIS (Business Data) Ancillary Data criteria • Indirect Output: Import or Decision Support System DSS spatial decision support system SDSS build datasets • GIS analysis
  29. 29. GIS APPLICATION Mapping and Charting Transportation Aid and Development Public Safety Government Business Education Natural Resources Defense and Intelligence Utilities and Communications Health and Human Services
  30. 30.  GIS for Petroleum Management     where to drill a well route a pipeline build a refinery reclaim a site Manage their location -based information • • Wells • Pipelines • Environmental sites • SOLUTIONS Leases Facilities • Retail outlets
  31. 31. Petroleum Business Lifecycle Support • Many Petroleum business functions are inherently spatial in character, thus leveraging GIS can: – Increase efficiency – Improve decision making – Generate greater revenue
  32. 32.  Basin Analysis Exploration Visualization – Display surface geology Data (Visualization) Management • Displaying Oil and Gas business Objects •Structures – Seismic Lines – Wellpath depth labels (Anticlines, domes, etc..) Business – Production bubble maps •Stratigraphy • 3D Display • Interoperability •Traps – What kinds? – Landmark / Schlumberger •Source Volant – OpenSpirit /Rock Analysis •Petroleum Environmental Migration •Geological Play Assessment Retail Production Transportation Distribution Facilities Management
  33. 33. Uses of GIS in Emergency Management GIS layers can provide a wide array of data for emergency managers, including:            Storm track and damage prediction. Wind damage prediction. Earthquake damage prediction. Counties that have been declared major disasters. Demographic information for an identified area. Road, rail, and utility locations. Essential facility, shelters, and other critical locations. Repetitive losses. Superfund locations. Shelter locations. Critical facility locations.
  34. 34. Using GIS for Mitigation Mitigation activities seek to: • Reduce the effects of a future disaster. • Lessen the likelihood of experiencing damaging effects from an incident. • Eliminate the possibility of being affected. GIS Uses for Planning, Training, and Exercising • Developing and conducting training and exercise programs for GIS Unit staff. • Developing lists of detailed GIS data and resource requirements to support emergency management needs. • Developing secure and redundant GIS layers of local, city, or county critical infrastructure data, including a DVD set of critical data with integrated data viewing and printing application. Using GIS for Response Of all the preparedness phases, GIS is especially valuable during response. During response GIS helps emergency managers and responders by: • Mapping incident location to help assess the incident scope, magnitude, and extent of damage. • Coordinating resource management. • Mapping critical infrastructure to support response efforts. • Fulfilling real-time incident map requests to support response information needs.
  35. 35. Using GIS in Recovery Recovery includes all tasks necessary to return to predisaster function. GIS uses during recovery include developing maps to: • Implement demobilization procedures, coordinate recovery, and restore unused resources. • Provide required documentation for cost recovery to the Federal and State governments. • Support after-action reporting and subsequent planning efforts. Other Emergency Management Uses of GIS GIS also can support detailed operations-level planning, implementation, training, and resources-related tasks necessary to prepare for, respond to, recover from, and mitigate any disaster. Some GIS action items include: • Developing and maintaining lists of GIS emergency support manpower with personnel location information, contact information, and specialized skills. • Developing lists of detailed GIS data and resource requirements to support emergency management needs. • Developing secure, redundant GIS layers of local city/county critical infrastructure data, including a DVD set of critical data with integrated data viewing and printing
  36. 36. GIS for Facilities Management
  37. 37. GIS for Environmental and Natural Resources Management Disaster Management Environmental impact analysis and Mitigation
  38. 38. GIS for Site Selection  Military Operations      Helicopter Landing Zones Amphibious Assault (Water Depth) Buffer Zones Flight Planning Battlefield Visualization
  39. 39. Helicopter Landing Zones HLZ sites
  40. 40. Amphibious Assault Planning
  41. 41. Spatial Analysis Proximity Analysis (Buffers) 1000 Meter Buffer of Railroads
  42. 42. Flight Planning
  43. 43. Flight Planning/Fly through
  44. 44. Battlefield Visualization and/or Situation Awareness
  45. 45. Other GIS Applications  Cross country movement  Route planning  Intervisibility study      Airfield assessment Road network analysis (convoys) Antenna propagation coverage Observation post siting analysis Perspective views
  46. 46. Cross Country Movement (CCM) Analysis
  47. 47. CCM & Viewshed
  48. 48. Airfields Assessment
  49. 49. Road Network Analysis
  50. 50. Antenna Propagation Coverages
  51. 51. Observation Post Siting Analysis
  52. 52. Perspective Views
  53. 53.  GIS for Business  Business Intelligence (BI)  Marketing  Banking and Financial Services  Insurance  Media and Press  Real Estate  Retail
  54. 54. GIS for Business Intelligence (BI) Value proposition “System(s) to organize, disseminate, and analyze information produced within an organization” • Querying, Reporting, OLAP • Single version of the truth • Separation of roles • For everyone in the organization • Historical, current, predictive • Available everywhere • Rich Data Visualization and Interactivity • Secure, auditable, scalable
  55. 55. WHAT BI DO? Business Intelligence BI Eliminate Barriers Between Workflows and Disciplines
  56. 56. WHAT GIS DO? Provides Mapping and GIS Across the Entire Organization
  57. 57. WHAT DOES GIS BRING TO BI? Location Analytics & Business Intelligence • Map data • Map-driven analytics • Work Together • World atlas of geographic content • Enterprise-class solution
  58. 58. GIS is the Platform for Location Analytics Geo-enablement of business systems A geo-enabled business system enjoys the ‘geo-advantage over other business systems’
  59. 59. Brief comparison between various Technologies Technology Company Software Products Application GIS ESRI, MAPINFO ArcGIS, ArcView, Mapinfo Urban Planning, Plantation, Flood Mitigation RS Intergraph/Geomatica ERDAS/PCI Geomatics Tree counting in Plantation GPS Garmin X, Y, Z Data Waze LI Bizod
  60. 60. GIS DEMO  Modeling Application  Spatial Analysis Modeling in Geomorphometric Mapping (DEM, SLOPE, ASPECT)  3D analysis Modeling in Urban Planning  Statistical Application  Statistical Analysis on population grow  Chart extraction from analyzed layer and add to the final map in output Layout
  61. 61. Any Question?

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