Key Points• Constructivism: based on a type of learning in which the learner forms, or constructs, much of what he or she learns or comprehends.• Constructivism emphasizes an integrated curriculum where students learn a subject in various ways or through many different activities.• Learners actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality.I thought this wasan interesting chartdescribingConstructivism.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)• Theories strongly influenced the constructive movement.• Psychologist who developed the cognitive learning theory.• Defined four cognitive stages. – Sensorimotor: when learning takes place primarily through the child senses and motor actions – Preoperational: where children begin to use symbols and images. – Concrete Operational: where children begin to think logically. – Formal Operational: where children transition from concrete thinking to more abstract.• Defined adaptation: children’s cognitive understanding or development at any given time.
Jerome Bruner (1915- )• An American psychologist and educator, who proposed that learning is an active process which the learned constructs new ideas or concepts based on his current or past knowledge.• Believes that constructivist learners are participatory learners; they are actively engaged in the learning process.
Classroom Implications• What the Teacher Does Under This Theory – Without technology: Teachers prepare a experiment for the students to perform. The teacher observes and listens when the class comes together a discussion. – With technology: Prepare a research project for the students. Observes the students presentation.• The role the teacher takes on is the researcher. They need to watch, listen, and ask the students questions in order to learn about them.
Classroom Implications Continued…• What the Students Do Under This Theory – Without technology: Students are given an experiment to perform. They come back together as a class to discuss results. – With technology: Students are given a research project. They use computers and other resources to complete their research. Presentation to the class.• A Constructivist Classroom is student centered.• Activities are interactive and student centered, so students are empowered by a teacher who is a facilitator/consultant.
My Thoughts on This Theory for My Own Teaching• I really like the idea of the teacher acting as a consultant for the students. Having the classroom student centered seems like a very good atmosphere for students to learn in. As a student myself, I know I prefer interactive activities, as they help me learn better. When I am a teacher myself, I do plan on making my classroom a Constructivist classroom.