3. The ‘father’ of chemistry – Robert Boyle
Boyle’s Law (gas volume and pressure)
• Experiments with an air pump
• Modern analytical chemistry
• Modern concept of an element
• Litmus tests, for acid, base and neutral
• Analytical tests for mineral water
• Assays for gold and silver and salts
• Formalin as a preservative
4. Irish algebra, helped to put a man on the Moon
Sir William Rowan Hamilton 1805-1865
1843: invented Quaternion algebra
Hamilton also laid the foundations of quantum mechanics.
5. A great experimentalist: John Tyndall
• First proof of Greenhouse gas
effect (absorption spectroscopy of
• First explanation of why the sky is
•First proof of Pasteur’s germ
•Champion and populariser of
•Mountaineer & glaciologist
14. George Gabriel Stokes
Stokes’s law of hydrodynamics
Stokes’s aw of fluorescence
Navier-Stokes equations . . .
the stokes, the standard unit of
kinematic viscosity, is equal to
Lucasion Professor at Cambridge
(Newton and Hawking)
15. Thermodynamics and degrees Kelvin
Baron Kelvin 1824-1907
His many inventions included
an instrument that made the
first successful transatlantic
telegraph cable possible.
16. We split the atom
1951 Nobel physics prize Ernest Walton, with John Cockcroft
Began the atomic
18. Erwin Schrodinger, Nobel prize 1933
The Austrian physicist lived in
Dublin 1939-1956 and took
His book, ‘What is Life?’,
written in Dublin, inspired a
generation of biologists,
including Crick and Watson.
44. We invented whiskey . . . Not once, but twice!
In the Middle-Ages, missionaries and Crusaders brought
distilling back from the Arab world.
The Irish distilled beer, and made the first proto-whiskey
45. The continuous, column still – the first heat exchange device
Aeneas Coffey, 1830
Produced whiskey so pure it was almost industrial alcohol!
46. Milk chocolate: Sir Hans Sloane, 1680s
The Irish add milk to everything, inventing new industries,
such as milk chocolate and Baileys cream liqueur.