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21st Century Civil Society: Implications for Open Government

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21st Century Civil Society: Implications for Open Government

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Presentation for the Open Government Partnership regional meeting in Santiago, Chile, January 2013. The Open Government Partnership is a new multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. In the spirit of multi-stakeholder collaboration, OGP is overseen by a steering committee of governments and civil society organizations.

Presentation for the Open Government Partnership regional meeting in Santiago, Chile, January 2013. The Open Government Partnership is a new multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. In the spirit of multi-stakeholder collaboration, OGP is overseen by a steering committee of governments and civil society organizations.

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21st Century Civil Society: Implications for Open Government

  1. 1. n ssociatio Transparency A 21st Century Civil Society: Implications for Open Government Mary Joyce Latin America Regional Outreach Meeting Open Government Partnership January 10, 2013 | Santiago, Chile
  2. 2. This presentation is based on 3 propositions image: Flickr/Victor1558
  3. 3. ① open government is a partnership between Government and Civil Society image: Flickr/Victor1558
  4. 4. Civil society is undergoing transformations. ② image: Flickr/Victor1558
  5. 5. Government will benefit from better ③ understanding those transformations. image: Flickr/Victor1558
  6. 6. 2 Questions: 1) What will civil society look like in the digital age? 2) How will these changes affect open government? image: Flickr/Victor1558
  7. 7. Historic Civil Society “bricks and mortar” Transparency Association image: Flickr/cdsessum
  8. 8. Historic Civil Society Member Mobilization Model Transparency Association Staff Formal Organization Members image: Flickr/cdsessum
  9. 9. Historic Civil Society Collaboration in the Member Mobilization Model Transparency Association Governance Association image: Flickr/cdsessum
  10. 10. Historic Civil Society Member Funding Model Transparency Association Staff Formal Organization Members Government image: Flickr/cdsessum
  11. 11. Digital technology challenges both of these models. image: Flickr/Victor1558
  12. 12. Reductions in Group Affiliation ① image: Flickr/prayitno
  13. 13. images: Pew Research Center, The Australian, House of Commons Library, The Asian-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
  14. 14. Transformations in Civil Society Reductions in Group Affiliation Transparency Association image: Flickr/cdsessum
  15. 15. Fewer Donations ② image: Flickr/xornalcerto
  16. 16. Transformations in Civil Society Fewer Donations Transparency Association Source: Karpf, D. (2012) The Moveon Effect: The Unexpected Transformation of American Political Advocacy image: Flickr/cdsessum
  17. 17. While old civil society organizations have less members and less money, new types of organizations are emerging. image: Flickr/Victor1558
  18. 18. Earthquake hits Sichuan Province, China Monday, 2:28pm May12th, 2008 image: Flickr/China Photos/Getty Images
  19. 19. Because of corruption, school buildings did not meet safety codes and thousands of children died. Yet the government refused to acknowledge their deaths. image: Shiho Fukada/http://www.shihofukada.com
  20. 20. Using his blog, artist Ai Weiwei organizes a team of volunteers to travel to Sichuan and collect the names of the children who died. image: unknown source
  21. 21. Using the Internet, the network of volunteers worked for 1 year. They collected 5,385 names and forced the Chinese government to publicly report the death toll. Then the organization ended. image: Ai Weiwei
  22. 22. Civil society used to look like this: Transparency Association Staff Formal Organization Members image: Flickr/cdsessum
  23. 23. Now it also looks like this: Transparency Association Staff Formal Organization Members image: Flickr/cdsessum
  24. 24. Now it also looks like this: Transparency Association Staff Formal Organization Members No single physical location. Small staff or no staff. image: Flickr/cdsessum
  25. 25. What are the main characteristics of 21st century civil society? 1) Digital 2) Fast 3) Decentralized 4) Participatory image: Flickr/Victor1558 5) Cheap
  26. 26. ① Digital: the new civil society infrastructure image: Flickr/sjcockell
  27. 27. The connective infrastructure of civil society was once the formal ONG. Transparency Association
  28. 28. The connective infrastructure of civil society was once the formal ONG. Transparency Association Now that infrastructure is also being provided by social media. Source: Bennett W. L., and Segerberg, A., (2012) “The Logic of Connective Action,” Information, Communication & Society
  29. 29. They don’t need to ONG to connect them. They can connect with each other directly. image: Flickr/Victor1558
  30. 30. Fast Quic ker t quick o mo er to bilize dispe , r se ②
  31. 31. #YoSoy132: multi-city protests mobilized in 8 days image: Wikipedia
  32. 32. “In the past, it might have taken 10 days for an official involved in a sex scandal to lose his job. This time he was gone in 66 hours.” - Journalist Zhu Ruifeng on the effect of viral videos, photos, and online rumors on on the firing of Lei Zhengfu Source: Jacobs, A (Dec. 26, 2012) “Chinese Officials Find Misbehavior New Carries Cost,” The New York Times image: Flickr/alaina.buzas
  33. 33. The average age of the organizations that assisted with the 15M protests was 3 years, many times less than organizations responsible for previous mass mobilizations (10-40 years). Source: Anduiza E., Christancho, C., and Sabuecho J. (2011) “the political protests on the outraged in Spain: what’s new?’ image: Flickr/furlin
  34. 34. Mobilizations are faster. Organizations are younger. image: Flickr/Victor1558
  35. 35. Decentralized Participants are less geographically ③ concentrated. image: Flickr/ArmandoH2O
  36. 36. Online platforms aggregate action across geographies.
  37. 37. Less Activism is Local In a recent study of over 800 digital activism cases from 80 countries, only 8% of cases were purely local, with 92% eventually gained national or international attention and participation. Source: Global Digital Activism Data Set, Digital Activism Research Project at the University of Washington (www.digital-activism.org) 8% Local 92% National or International image: Mary Joyce
  38. 38. Action occurs wherever participants are located, rather than location dictating the possibility of participation. New York Atlanta Berlin Paris Vancouver image: Flickr/foxtongue, Björn Kietzmann, looking4poetry, Pazarm, Hiloxy, harrystaab
  39. 39. ④ Participatory Campaigns without ownership, rigid leadership, or barriers to joining image: Flickr/xavi tellada
  40. 40. Participatory Civil Society •easily personalized ideas and action frames • allow people to participate on their own terms • sharing campaigning values with peers via memes and slogans and targeting demands to decision-makers Source: Bennett W. L., and Segerberg, A., (2012) “The Logic of Connective Action,” Information, Communication & Society
  41. 41. self-organized in 900 global cities image: Flickr/bogieharmond
  42. 42. Successful ONG allow don’t command, they suggest and inspire
  43. 43. ⑤ Cheap Infrastructure of information, collaboration, and mobilization is near-free image: Flickr/Elvert Barnes
  44. 44. Possibility of delinking money and power image: Flickr/Elvert Barnes
  45. 45. Let’s review... image: Flickr/Victor1558
  46. 46. Historic Civil Society Formal Organization with Members and Unaffiliated Citizens Transparency Association image: Flickr/cdsessum
  47. 47. 21st Century Civil Society Less Formal Membership Transparency Association image: Flickr/cdsessum
  48. 48. 21st Century Civil Society Fast, Large-Scale Mobilization by Formal Organizations Transparency Association Fewer members, greater capacity for mobilization image: Flickr/cdsessum
  49. 49. 21st Century Civil Society Fast, Large-Scale Mobilization without Organizations Transparency Association Larger but less durable associations image: Flickr/cdsessum
  50. 50. What are the implications for open government? image: Flickr/Victor1558
  51. 51. ① Lack of clear or durable counter-parties. tion Associa rency Transpa image: Flickr/Victor1558
  52. 52. ② ② People still believe in government and want it to be more effective. 1 in 5 campaigns in the University of Washington’s digital activism study were explicitly focused on governance issues. Source: Global Digital Activism Data Set, Digital Activism Research Project at the University of Washington (www.digital-activism.org) image: Flickr/Victor1558
  53. 53. These groups are also vibrant and passionate constituencies to support the work of open government and the politicians who undertake it. ③ image: Flickr/Victor1558
  54. 54. ④ 21st century civil society is a partner for open government. They have the desire and capacity to make open government work. image: Flickr/Victor1558
  55. 55. Thank You! Mary Joyce www.digital-activism.org mjoyce@uw.edu image: Flickr/Victor1558

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