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  1. 1. Mariya Arnaudova ReportJacobs University Bremen Fall 2010
  2. 2. Concept Concept History Developers Initiatives Technology CLEAN POWER from DESERTS for a WORLD of 10 Billion People Make use of solar and wind energy (North Africa and Middle East) DESERTEC PROJECT Consortium DIIClub of Rome + Trans-Mediterranean (European companies + DESERTEC Renewable Energy Cooperation foundation) GUIDANCE IMPLEMENTATION
  3. 3. Concept History History Developers Initiatives Technology German Aerospace Centre (DLR) scientific work: Concept development =1. Analyze availability of resources and demand for Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Cooperation energy in the Mediterranean area 2. Assess interconnection between Europe and + Middle East and North Africa Club of Rome3. Analyze water demand and possibility to generate + fresh water together with electricity National Energy Research Center Jordan Research for Initiative 2003 Focusing on: Launching the DESERTEC Industrial Initiative DII 1. Developing demonstration projects GmbH in Munich 2. Ensuring renewable energy laws = 12 European companies 2010 2009
  4. 4. Concept History History Developers Initiatives Technology DESERTEC Industrial Initiative DII GOALS 2009 1. Draft concrete business plan and associate financing concepts 2. Initiation of industrial preparation for infrastructure building 3. Aim at producing sufficient power to meet 15% of EU electricityrequirements and substantial portion of the power needs of the producer countries
  5. 5. Concept History Developers Developers Initiatives Technology DESERTEC Industrial Initiative DII 2010DII Members Associated Partners “The aim of our concept is to strike the right balance between long-term security of supply, economic viability and climate protection. We, our shareholders and Associated Partners are working together to turn the Desertec plans into reality.” At the end of 2012, the DII will create an implementation scenario for the period up to 2050.
  6. 6. Concept History Developers Initiatives Initiatives Technology DESERTEC University Network (DUN) 2010 Objectives Founding Universities 1. Cairo University, Giza, Egypt1. A network of public and private scientific, 2. German University in Cairo, New Cairo City, Egypt technological and R&D and academic 3. Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt 4. UDES (Unité de Développement des Equipements Solaires), educational institutions Algiers, Algeria 5. USTO (Université des Sciences et de la Technologie d’Oran), Oran, Algeria2. Promoting international cooperation and 6. DESERTEC Foundation, Hamburg, Germany 7. University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan harmonization of R&D and training 8. University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan programs among the DUN members. 9. Al-Fateh University, Tripoli, Libya 10. Center for Solar Energy Research and Studies (CSERS), Tripoli 11. National Authority for Scientific Research, Tripoli, Libya3. R&D projects for the DESERTEC and other 12. Sebha University, Sebha, Libya 13. CNRST (Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et interested parties Technique), Rabat, Morocco 14. Ecole Nationale de l’Industrie Minérale, Agdal, Rabat, Morocco4. Designing and implementing academic 15. Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Electricité et de Mécanique (ENSEM-UH2C), Casablanca, Morocco curricula for the training and development 20. Jacobs University, Bremen, 16. Centre de Recherches et des Technologies de l’Energie, Borj- Cedria, Tunisia of human resources (especially in North Germany 17. Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Tunis, Université Tunis-El- Manar, Tunisia Africa) 21. The German-French University, 18. Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Monastir, Université de Monastir, Tunisia Saarbrücken, Germany 19. Université de Gafsa, Gafsa, Tunisia
  7. 7. Concept History Developers Initiatives Technology Technology 1. Concentrating solar thermal power (CSP) plantsHow: solar energy is concentrated by mirrors to heat water. Steam is used for driving turbines for power generation. + supply energy on demand as large quantities of thermal energy can be stored easily and with low losses. + produce large quantities of power + compensate fluctuations of wind and photovoltaic energy + sea water cools steam  drinking water produced
  8. 8. Concept History Developers Initiatives Technology Technology 2. High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission How: using HVDC transmission lines.+ transport clean power from the deserts over long distances to the worlds centers of consumption + transmission losses are fairly low: 3% per 1,000 km of line + two- or threefold insolation in North Africa sufficiently makes up for the transportation costs to Europe + can be installed underground
  9. 9. Concept History Developers Initiatives Technology Technology Desert Regions with Solar Energy Potentials
  10. 10. Concept History Developers Initiatives Technology Technology
  11. 11. Concept History Developers Initiatives Technology For further interesting information: 1. DESERTEC Concept Overview:1. edition_english.pdf 2. DII website: 3.