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Advanced Organizers for The Iroquois


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This is a collection of advance organizers designed for use with the text, The Iroquois. This is used wit 4th graders who are reading the text. Directions for how to

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Advanced Organizers for The Iroquois

  1. 1. Advance Organizers for The Iroquois Blueprints for Learning
  2. 2. • Advance organizers, including graphic ones, help students learn new concepts and vocabulary (Stone, 1983). Presenting information graphically as well as symbolically in an advance organizer reinforces vocabulary learning and supports reading skills (Brookbank Grover, Kullberg, & Strawser, 1999; Moore & Readence 1984).
  3. 3. Advanced Organizers 1. Provide students with a visual outline of key information. Use color, image, and geometric shape to show the structure and relationships within a text. 2. Provide students with organizer 24 hours before reading the chapter/text. 3. Guide students through the organizer by telling the “story” of the chapter and explaining key concepts & vocabulary. 4. Have students reread the organizer as they read, make notes, and discuss the chapter. 5. Use the organizer as a means for studying what was learned. Have students tell each other ‘the story’ of the chapter using the organizer. Record using iPods as an assessment.
  4. 4. Chapter 2: Traditional Life How did they share responsibilities? How do Iroquois people live together? What did they believe and observe? They live as large families or “clans” in longhouses Men and women work together to build them 20 ft. wide; 100-400 ft. long Young and old lived together Women and girls cooked, made clothing, planted Men built houses, hunted, fished Boys made hunting & fishing gear Older adults cared for the children Respect for the earth Celebrated the seasons Learned to trade with Europeans Held ceremonies to honor the Creator
  5. 5. Chapter 3: Europeans Bring Change How did the wars affect the Iroquois? How did trading and diseases affect the Iroquois? After the Revolutionary War, what was the relationship like between the U.S. and Iroquois? Trading helped bring the Iroquois essential items that they used for daily life. Small pox and measles killed many Iroquois because they had no cure. Tuscorora War Tuscorora became the 6th Confederacy Nation. American Revolutionary War Some Iroquois, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, & Tuscarora moved to Canada. The Iroquois lived on reservations in NY, Wisconsin, Oklahoma, & Canada. Iroquois Decided to Not help the British or Americans.
  6. 6. Chapter 4: The Iroquois Today How do the Iroquois help their children know what it means to be an Iroquois? How do the Iroquois support themselves? What work do they do? How have the Iroquois maintain their independence? Many work off reservation as there is not enough work on the reservation. Many are steelworkers who build bridges and skyscrapers. George Washington Bridge Some work in gambling casinos. This controversial. Some children attend alternative schools. Children learn native languages. Children learn Mohawk history & customs. Some play traditional games & participate in customs. Lacrosse They live on reservations with their own laws. Haudenosaunee passports issued in Canada is recognized in 36 countries. Ceremonies
  7. 7. Chapter 5: Sharing the Traditions How do the Iroquois share traditions? 1. Burn council fires on reservations as a sign of clan cooperation. 2. Continue to have at least one longhouses per reservation. 3. Participate in ceremonies such as the Midwinter Ceremony. 4. Employ faith keepers, like Oren Lyons to maintain knowledge of history. 6. Create & share native crafts. 5. Speak & preserve their native language & provide opportunities to learn it. 7. Establish Iroquois schools.