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Revised Last Class

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CHC Presentation - Mary Arnold, MBA 5-12-09

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Revised Last Class

  1. 1. <ul><li>Summer 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Heat Effects </li></ul><ul><li>NY State Sea Level Rise Task Force </li></ul>
  2. 2. Anthropogenic Impacts <ul><li>&quot;Nature is gone. It was gone before you were born, before your parents </li></ul><ul><li>were born, before the pilgrims arrived, before the pyramids were built. </li></ul><ul><li>You are living on a used planet. If this bothers you, get over it. We </li></ul><ul><li>now live in the Anthropocene ― a geological epoch in which Earth’s </li></ul><ul><li>atmosphere, lithosphere and biosphere are shaped primarily by human forces.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/05/ftf-ellis-1/#more-3996 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The term Anthropocene is used by some scientists to describe the most </li></ul><ul><li>recent period in the Earth's history. It has no precise start date, but </li></ul><ul><li>may be considered to start in the late 18th century when the activities </li></ul><ul><li>of humans first began to have a significant global impact on the Earth's </li></ul><ul><li>climate and ecosystems.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropocene </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vulnerability <ul><li>exposure. Exposure is the change in climate and what is affected, e.g., how many people are living in an area that could be affected by inundation due to sea level rise Farah Ahmad, Michael Luboa </li></ul><ul><li>sensitivity. Sensitivity is the direct effect of climate systems, e.g., changes in crop yields Jasim Uddin </li></ul><ul><li>adaptive capacity. Adaptive capacity is the ability of a system to adapt to climate change, reduce adverse effects or take advantage of beneficial effects </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adaptive Capacity (IPCC) A function of: <ul><li>wealth </li></ul><ul><li>access to technology </li></ul><ul><li>stable and effective institutions </li></ul><ul><li>systems in place for dissemination of information </li></ul><ul><li>equitable distribution of power </li></ul><ul><li>well-functioning social systems </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adaptation <ul><li>evolution Priya Puliyampet, Akshai Sarma </li></ul><ul><li>energy Ruby Cheng, Wei Pan, Stephen Ma, Bing Shao, Mary Perez </li></ul><ul><li>development patterns Townes Wang, David Engelman </li></ul><ul><li>regulation: land use & building codes Billy Schaefer </li></ul><ul><li>transportation system Norma Perez-Hernandez, Jegors Nikitins, Jae Bem You, John Ettikkalayil </li></ul><ul><li>healthcare system Zoe Spanos </li></ul><ul><li>outreach & education David Liu </li></ul><ul><li>personal lifestyles & community responses Yoo Jin Lee </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mitigation <ul><li>streetscapes </li></ul><ul><li>building exteriors & interiors </li></ul><ul><li>emergency response </li></ul><ul><li>emissions </li></ul><ul><li>individual behavior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Temperature PlanetNYC Summer 2009 <ul><li>how hot are ambient and surface temperatures at street level? </li></ul><ul><li>how do street level temperatures compare to monitors 10 – 15 feet above street level? </li></ul><ul><li>how do mature trees affect heat on the street? </li></ul><ul><li>what are the heat effects of impervious coverage and traffic? </li></ul><ul><li>who is vulnerable? exposed? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Partners <ul><li>Columbia Undergraduate Scholars Program http://www.studentaffairs.columbia.edu/scholars/ </li></ul><ul><li>Brooklyn Technical High School http://www.bths.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia University Center for Climate Systems Research http://ccsr.columbia.edu/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>City University of New York, Lehman College, Department of Environmental Geographic & Geological Sciences http://www.lehman.edu/deannss/eggs/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>NYC Department of Health Bureau of Environmental Surveillance & Policy http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/hr/about_us-environmental_health.html </li></ul><ul><li>New York Academy of Medicine, Impact Studies http://www.nyam.org/initiatives/cues-ompad.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Eve S. Mosher http://www.evemosher.com/gallery2/v/public/seeding/greenroof_overview.jpg.html </li></ul>
  9. 9. Internships <ul><li>pilot study of public health impacts on NYC neighborhoods under conditions of urban heat effects and climate change </li></ul><ul><li>interdisciplinary team: public health and climate science professionals, college & high school students & teachers </li></ul><ul><li>within a framework of public health, urban planning, and climate change models, the project combines street level monitoring data with extant monitoring and data collection systems and mapping projects. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sea Level Rise <ul><li>The State of New York Legislature created the Sea Level Rise Task Force to evaluate and recommend ways of protecting New York’s remaining coastal ecosystems and natural habitats and increasing coastal community resilience in the face of sea level rise </li></ul>
  11. 11. Study Environment <ul><li>climate change uncertainty: how much? when? </li></ul><ul><li>risk: $ loss, disinvestment </li></ul><ul><li>economic crisis </li></ul><ul><li>limited capacity </li></ul><ul><li>aging infrastructure Jean Metauten </li></ul>
  12. 12. Coastal Community Resilience <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sunset Park, Brooklyn, NY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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