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Digital Trade Estimates Project

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Launch of the Digital Trade Estimates Project in Brussels (12 October 2016). You can browse our database of measures on digital trade at www.ecipe.org/dte/database

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Digital Trade Estimates Project

  1. 1. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S P R O J E C T M A R T I N A F. F E R R A C A N E P O L I C Y A N A LY S T A T E C I P E D T E P R O J E C T, B R U S S E L S L A U N C H 1 2 O C T O B E R 2 0 1 6
  2. 2. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E P R O J E C T - Project entirely dedicated to measures impacting digital trade - 65 economies - Main pillars of the project: - DTE Database - DTE Index - DTE Annual Report
  3. 3. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E D A TA B A S E - More than 1700 measures identified - Regulatory measures - ‘De facto’ measures - 13 main areas of research - 40+ subcategories of research
  4. 4. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E D A TA B A S E 13 main areas: 1. Tariffs and trade defence 2. Taxation and subsidies 3. Public procurement 4. Foreign investment 5. IPR 6. Competition policy 7. Business mobility 8. Data policies 9. Intermediary liability 10. Content access 11. Quantitative trade restrictions 12. Standards 13. Online sales and transactions
  5. 5. 1. Applied tariffs on digital goods 2. Antidumping, CVD & Safeguards on digital goods C H A P T E R 1 : TA R I F F S A N D T R A D E D E F E N C E
  6. 6. Digital goods : ICT products beyond the list agreed in the ITA agreements. C H A P T E R 1 : TA R I F F S A N D T R A D E D E F E N C E
  7. 7. C H A P T E R 2 : TA X A T I O N A N D S U B S I D I E S 1. Discriminatory tax regime on digital goods and products 2. Discriminatory tax regime on online services 3. Taxation on data usage 4. Subsidies and discriminatory tax regime
  8. 8. C H A P T E R 3 : P U B L I C P R O C U R E M E N T 1. Preferential purchase schemes covering ICT products, services 2. Surrendering of patents, source code etc. 3. Technology mandate (encryption, formats)
  9. 9. M A I N A R E A S : 4 . F O R E I G N I N V E S T M E N T 1. Restrictions on ownership 2. Restrictions on board of directors and managers 3. Screening and restrictions on cross-border mergers and acquisitions 1. Patents 2. Copyright 3. Trade secrets 5 . I N T E L L E C T U A L P R O P E R T Y R I G H T S
  10. 10. M A I N A R E A S : 6 . C O M P E T I T I O N P O L I C Y Mainly related to the telecom sector….
  11. 11. M A I N A R E A S : 7 . B U S I N E S S M O B I L I T Y Measures include quotas, labour market regulations and limits of stay, inter alia.
  12. 12. M A I N A R E A S : 8 . D A TA P O L I C I E S 1. Restrictions cross-border on data flows (data localisation) 2. Data retention 3. Subject rights on data privacy 4. Administrative requirements on data privacy 5. Sanctions for non-compliance
  13. 13. M A I N A R E A S : 9 . I N T E R M E D I A RY L I A B I L I T Y 1. Framework that provides a safe harbor 2. Notice and takedown requirement 1 0 . C O N T E N T A C C E S S 1. Censorship, filtering 2. Bandwidth, net neutrality
  14. 14. M A I N A R E A S : 1 1 . Q U A N T I TA T I V E T R A D E R E S T R I C T I O N S 1. Import restrictions 2. Local Content Requirements for commercial market 3. Export restrictions
  15. 15. M A I N A R E A S : 1 2 . S TA N D A R D S 1. Telecom network and base standards (Non-international broadband, mobile, and ICT product standards) 2. Product safety certification (EMC/EMI, radio transmission) 3. Product screening and testing requirements 4. Encryption
  16. 16. M A I N A R E A S : 1 3 . O N L I N E S A L E S A N D T R A N S A C T I O N S 1. Barriers to fulfilment 2. Domain name (DNS) registration requirements 3. Online sales 4. Discriminatory/disproportionate consumer protection
  17. 17. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : A P R A C T I C A L A P P L I C A T I O N
  18. 18. Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database. Available at www.ecipe.org/dte/database Note: The graph does not include one measure whose date of entry into force is unknown. 0" 10" 20" 30" 40" 50" 60" 70" 80" 90" 1960" 1965" 1970" 1975" 1980" 1985" 1990" 1995" 2000" 2005" 2010" 2015" The$evolu)on$of$data$localisa)on$measures$
  19. 19. Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database. Available at www.ecipe.org/dte/database Note: The graph does not include one measure whose date of entry into force is unknown. 0" 5" 10" 15" 20" 25" 30" 35" 40" 1960" 1965" 1970" 1975" 1980" 1985" 1990" 1995" 2000" 2005" 2010" 2015" Evolu&on(of(data(localisa&on(measures(by(degree(of(restric&veness( Ban"to"transfer/local"processing" Local"storage" Condi>onal"flow"regime"
  20. 20. Africa' 4%' La+n'America' 5%' North'America' 7%' Asia6Pacific'' 39%' Europe' 45%' Geographical,coverage, Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database. Available at www.ecipe.org/dte/database
  21. 21. Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database. Available at www.ecipe.org/dte/database 51%$ 11%$ 10%$ 8%$ 7%$ 7%$ 4%$2%$ Sectoral)coverage) Horizontal$ Financial$sector$ Online$services$providers$ Public$sector$ Telecommunica@on$sector$ Other$ Gambing$sector$ Health$sector$
  22. 22. 41%$ 13%$ 12%$ 8%$ 8%$ 7%$ 5%$ 4%$ 2%$ Type%of%data%affected% Personal$data$ Business$records$ All$sectoral$data$ Public$data$ User/consumer$data$ Financial$data$ All$data$ Other$ Health$data$ Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database. Available at www.ecipe.org/dte/database
  23. 23. W W W. E C I P E . O R G / D T E M A R T I N A F R A N C E S C A F E R R A C A N E E M A I L : M A R T I N A . F E R R A C A N E @ E C I P E . O R G THANK YOU!

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