Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Digital Trade Estimates Project

154 views

Published on

Presentation at the World Trade Forum in September 2016.

Published in: Internet
  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Digital Trade Estimates Project

  1. 1. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S P R O J E C T M A R T I N A F R A N C E S C A F E R R A C A N E P O L I C Y A N A LY S T A T E C I P E P H D S T U D E N T A T H A M B U R G U N I V E R S I T Y W O R L D T R A D E F O R U M , F L O R E N C E 2 4 S E P T E M B E R 2 0 1 6
  2. 2. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E P R O J E C T - Project entirely dedicated to measures impacting digital trade - 65 countries - Main pillars of the project: - DTE Database - DTE Index - DTE Annual Report
  3. 3. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E D A TA B A S E - More than 1000 measures identified - Regulatory measures - ‘De facto’ measures - 13 main areas of research - 40+ subcategories of research
  4. 4. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E D A TA B A S E 13 main areas: 1. Tariffs and trade defence 2. Taxation and subsidies 3. Public procurement 4. Foreign investment 5. IPR 6. Competition policy 7. Business mobility 8. Data policies 9. Intermediary liability 10. Content access 11. Quantitative trade restrictions 12. Standards 13. Online sales and transactions
  5. 5. 13 main areas: 1. Tariffs and trade defence 2. Taxation and subsidies 3. Public procurement 4. Foreign investment 5. IPR 6. Competition policy 7. Business mobility 8. Data policies 9. Intermediary liability 10. Content access 11. Quantitative trade restrictions 12. Standards 13. Online sales and transactions C L U S T E R A : F I S C A L R E S T R I C T I O N S
  6. 6. 1. Applied tariffs on digital goods 2. Antidumping, CVD & Safeguards on digital goods C H A P T E R 1 : TA R I F F S A N D T R A D E D E F E N C E
  7. 7. Digital goods : ICT products beyond the list agreed in the ITA agreements. C H A P T E R 1 : TA R I F F S A N D T R A D E D E F E N C E
  8. 8. C H A P T E R 2 : TA X A T I O N A N D S U B S I D I E S 1. Discriminatory tax regime on digital goods and products 2. Discriminatory tax regime on online services 3. Taxation on data usage 4. Subsidies and discriminatory tax regime
  9. 9. C H A P T E R 3 : P U B L I C P R O C U R E M E N T 1. Preferential purchase schemes covering ICT products, services 2. Surrendering of patents, source code etc. 3. Technology mandate (encryption, formats)
  10. 10. 13 main areas: 1. Tariffs and trade defence 2. Taxation and subsidies 3. Public procurement 4. Foreign investment 5. IPR 6. Competition policy 7. Business mobility 8. Data policies 9. Intermediary liability 10. Content access 11. Quantitative trade restrictions 12. Standards 13. Online sales and transactions C L U S T E R C : D A TA P O L I C I E S
  11. 11. M A I N A R E A S : 8 . D A TA P O L I C I E S 1. Restrictions cross-border on data flows (data localisation) 2. Data retention 3. Subject rights on data privacy 4. Administrative requirements on data privacy 5. Sanctions for non-compliance
  12. 12. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : A P R A C T I C A L A P P L I C A T I O N Definition: a Government imposed restriction that results in the localisation of data within a certain jurisdiction Categorization: 1. Strict data localisation: • Local storage • Local storage and processing • Ban to transfer (local storage, processing and access) 2. Conditional flow regime
  13. 13. Note: The graph does not include one measure whose date of entry into force is unknown. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : A P R A C T I C A L A P P L I C A T I O N 0" 10" 20" 30" 40" 50" 60" 70" 80" 90" 1960" 1965" 1970" 1975" 1980" 1985" 1990" 1995" 2000" 2005" 2010" 2015" The$evolu)on$of$data$localisa)on$measures$
  14. 14. Note: The graph does not include one measure whose date of entry into force is unknown. 0" 5" 10" 15" 20" 25" 30" 35" 40" 1960" 1965" 1970" 1975" 1980" 1985" 1990" 1995" 2000" 2005" 2010" 2015" Evolu&on(of(data(localisa&on(measures(by(degree(of(restric&veness( Ban"to"transfer/local"processing" Local"storage" Condi>onal"flow"regime"
  15. 15. Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database - To be released in October 2016. Africa' 4%' La+n'America' 5%' North'America' 7%' Asia6Pacific'' 39%' Europe' 45%' Geographical,coverage,
  16. 16. Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database - To be released in October 2016. 51%$ 11%$ 10%$ 8%$ 7%$ 7%$ 4%$2%$ Sectoral)coverage) Horizontal$ Financial$sector$ Online$services$providers$ Public$sector$ Telecommunica@on$sector$ Other$ Gambing$sector$ Health$sector$
  17. 17. Source: ECIPE Digital Trade Estimates database - To be released in October 2016. 41%$ 13%$ 12%$ 8%$ 8%$ 7%$ 5%$ 4%$ 2%$ Type%of%data%affected% Personal$data$ Business$records$ All$sectoral$data$ Public$data$ User/consumer$data$ Financial$data$ All$data$ Other$ Health$data$
  18. 18. M A I N A R E A S : 9 . I N T E R M E D I A RY L I A B I L I T Y 1. Framework that provides a safe harbor 2. Notice and takedown requirement 1 0 . C O N T E N T A C C E S S 1. Censorship, filtering 2. Bandwidth, net neutrality
  19. 19. N E X T S T E P S : 1. October: Launch report and website in Brussels 2. October - March: Advocacy and workshops for Governments and other stakeholders 3. Annual DTE report in October 2017 Website for peer review: http://staging.ecipe.org/dte/database/ Details for log in: please send your request to martina.ferracane@ecipe.org More detailed presentation of DTE database: http://www.slideshare.net/ MartinaFerracane/digital-trade-estimates-project
  20. 20. M A R T I N A F R A N C E S C A F E R R A C A N E E M A I L : M A R T I N A . F E R R A C A N E @ E C I P E . O R G THANK YOU!
  21. 21. R E F E R E N C E S ECIPE (2011), FUTURE-PROOFING WORLD TRADE IN TECHNOLOGY: Turning the WTO IT Agreement (ITA) into the International Digital Economy Agreement (IDEA). ECIPE Working Paper No. 04/2011, Brussels, http://www.ecipe.org/app/uploads/2014/12/ WP201104.pd
  22. 22. D I G I TA L T R A D E E S T I M A T E S : T H E D A TA B A S E Criteria for including a measure: 1. Directly targeting the digital economy (not necessarily discrimination between national and foreign) 2. Horizontal target, but also impacting the digital economy (often discriminating between national and foreign)

×