Cyberbullying—A 21st      Century Crisis
“I hate you and NOBODY likes you!!!”                   “Vote YES here if you think Beatrice is                   UGLY!”“If...
CYBERBULLYING occurs in…Texting and Instant Messaging   Email                    Social Media                   Blogs     ...
WORSTHOOKUP
MOST ATTRACTIVE
FACTS ABOUT CYBERBULLYING Although cyberbullying evolved from traditional bullying there are several differences:Cyberbul...
Today, in America… 20.8% of students have been cyberbullyied. 17% have been cyberbullyied in the past 30 days. 13.3% ha...
Have been                            cyberbullyied                      62%   by another                            studen...
CYBERBULLYING
Bully             Victim                   EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
Bully               Victim                  EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
Biological/Personality                    Home                          Social          • Brain differences             • ...
Bully                 Victim                                           EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
Characteristics•   Low Self Esteem•   Loner•   Passive; choose submission•   Expect to be bullied; defeatist•   Boys:Inter...
Bully   Victim                    EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
Environmental variables that affect bullying       • Norms of behavior; level of blurriness between roles         of stude...
The term     “Cyberbullying” was originated byCanadian educatorBill Belsey about a       decade ago.
Cyberbullying Around the WorldTop 20 countries found to have the most cybercrime. Retrievedfrom: http:/crimesatcyber.blogs...
State Cyberbullying                   LawsA Review of State Cyberbullying Laws and Policieshttp://www.cyberbullying.us/Bul...
Cyberbullyingcreates an unsafeenvironment foreveryone
Victims of cyberbullying often                  experience:                        Low Self- Depression   Anxiety         ...
Problems concentrating   Problems learning    School failure
 The hurtful  information can be  transmitted  broadly and  instantaneously, a  nd can be difficult  to eliminate.
Aggressors can remain anonymous and are hard to stop.
Severe DysfunctionExternalized violence      Suicide
Climate loss and cost calculatorTo help administrators identify the cost ofbehaviors associated with a negative schoolclim...
Prevent CyberbullyingEducate          Engage
EDUCATEChildren           Parents
• Create            awareness          • Public forums            • School              assemblies            • Bully prev...
ENGAGING  THEPROBLEM
• Refuse to pass along             offensive messages           • Block communication with             cyberbullies       ...
• Install filtering            software          • Limit your child’s            time on the            internet          ...
• Develop policies on            appropriate internet and            cell phone use. (Follow            through)          ...
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
Cyberbullying presentation v3
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Cyberbullying presentation v3

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  • In theory it’s easy to underestimate just how powerful these messages can be.
  • Long before we sawcyberbullying occur on the digital playground, we have been studying bullying on the traditional playground for years.
  • In order to understand the origins of bullying, we need to look at the three aspects of this phenomenon: the bully, the victim and the environment
  • Let’s take a closer look at the bully
  • There has been substantial effort in describing the bully. These descriptions are typically focuses on biological causes or personality descriptions and home or social influences.
  • Now, let’s look at research done on the victim.
  • Less has been studied on the victim than the bully. Most of the research tries to find commonalities in the victim characteristics.
  • Now let’s focus on the environment
  • Depending on the frequency and level of a number of variables, the amount of bullying is affected by the environment. Note that these characteristics are equally applicable in the digital playground.
  • A variety of studies conducted on cyberbullying show that anywhere from 18 to 40 percent of students report being victimized.
  • An additional study shows two noteworthy trends. One is that cyberbullying is more prevalent among girls than boys. The other shows that while many teens admit to being a victim of cyberbullying, almost as many also admit to participating in it as well.
  • By race, cyberbullying is more pervasive among whites than other cultures. Still, the percentage is significant among hispanics, blacks, and multi-race students as well.
  • Though it is most prevalent in the United States and China, due to increased access of technology Cyberbullying is rapidly becoming a global phenomenon.
  • There must be a proactive approach to the prevention of cyberbullying and this is accomplished by engaging the problem head on.
  • Our children are at the front lines of this issue, and carry the greatest responsibility of preventing cyberbullying
  • Adults also carry responsibility of prevention, in fact their involvement can reduce the stress and responsibility placed on the children.
  • Finally, the schools have the organizational means of preventing the social dilemma.
  • If all of these methods fail, well, I guess we will have to let Ralphie show us how to handle the situation.
  • Cyberbullying presentation v3

    1. 1. Cyberbullying—A 21st Century Crisis
    2. 2. “I hate you and NOBODY likes you!!!” “Vote YES here if you think Beatrice is UGLY!”“If I were as stupid as you, I wouldn’t show myface at school.POST MORE INSULTS HERE!” “I wish you would just DIE”
    3. 3. CYBERBULLYING occurs in…Texting and Instant Messaging Email Social Media Blogs Video Games & Chat Rooms
    4. 4. WORSTHOOKUP
    5. 5. MOST ATTRACTIVE
    6. 6. FACTS ABOUT CYBERBULLYING Although cyberbullying evolved from traditional bullying there are several differences:Cyberbullying:1. Involves the victim being under constant distress (Williams & Godfrey, 2011).2. Reaches a wider audience (Slonje & Smith, 2008).3. Allows anonymity (Donegan, 2012).4. Allows the perpetrator to strike blows without seeing victims response (Donegan, 2012).5. Crosses demographic boundaries allowing minorities and disadvantaged to become perpetrators (Slonje & Smith, 2008) although generally the victims are unpopular with peers (Williams & Godfrey, 2011).
    7. 7. Today, in America… 20.8% of students have been cyberbullyied. 17% have been cyberbullyied in the past 30 days. 13.3% have been cyberbullyied by rumors online. 14.3% have been cyberbullyied by mean or hurtful comments online. 7.2% have been threatened online.
    8. 8. Have been cyberbullyied 62% by another student at school Know ofsomeone who has been 65%cyberbullyied Admitted they had cyberbullyied 60% another student at school
    9. 9. CYBERBULLYING
    10. 10. Bully Victim EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
    11. 11. Bully Victim EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
    12. 12. Biological/Personality Home Social • Brain differences • Bullying by siblings • Need to gain power • Gene mutations • Abused • Need to be included; • Overly developed • Power Struggles overly concerned immune system • Changes in roles about others’ • Hyperactivity opinions • Low verbal • Boys: it is victim’s intelligence and fault; use violence as problem solving a tool • Low empathy • Girls: use relationship as tool; cannot adequately express angerSources: Benitez & Justicia, 2006; Chan, 2006; Harvey et al., 2006; Lane, 2005; Thornberg & Knutsen, 2011
    13. 13. Bully Victim EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
    14. 14. Characteristics• Low Self Esteem• Loner• Passive; choose submission• Expect to be bullied; defeatist• Boys:Internalize their problems• Girls: primarily concerned with what others think of them
    15. 15. Bully Victim EnvironmentAdapted from Harvey et al., 2006
    16. 16. Environmental variables that affect bullying • Norms of behavior; level of blurriness between roles of students and teachers • Rules • Values held as being important • Key personalities and how they reference bullying • Daily climate of civility • Punitive and sanctioning strategies • Size of school facilities • Amount of supervision outside of classroomSources: Benitez & Justicia, 2006; Harvey et al., 2006
    17. 17. The term “Cyberbullying” was originated byCanadian educatorBill Belsey about a decade ago.
    18. 18. Cyberbullying Around the WorldTop 20 countries found to have the most cybercrime. Retrievedfrom: http:/crimesatcyber.blogspot.com/p/countrywise-cr-latest.html.
    19. 19. State Cyberbullying LawsA Review of State Cyberbullying Laws and Policieshttp://www.cyberbullying.us/Bullying_and_Cyberbullying_Laws.pdf
    20. 20. Cyberbullyingcreates an unsafeenvironment foreveryone
    21. 21. Victims of cyberbullying often experience: Low Self- Depression Anxiety Esteem
    22. 22. Problems concentrating Problems learning School failure
    23. 23.  The hurtful information can be transmitted broadly and instantaneously, a nd can be difficult to eliminate.
    24. 24. Aggressors can remain anonymous and are hard to stop.
    25. 25. Severe DysfunctionExternalized violence Suicide
    26. 26. Climate loss and cost calculatorTo help administrators identify the cost ofbehaviors associated with a negative schoolclimate due to bullying, cyberbullying, andviolence:www.community-matters.org/safe-school-ambassadors/documents
    27. 27. Prevent CyberbullyingEducate Engage
    28. 28. EDUCATEChildren Parents
    29. 29. • Create awareness • Public forums • School assemblies • Bully preventionEducate programs • Community meetings • Public service announcements
    30. 30. ENGAGING THEPROBLEM
    31. 31. • Refuse to pass along offensive messages • Block communication with cyberbullies • Report Cyberbullying to a trusted adult • Don’t provide personal information onlineChildren • DO NOT DELETE the messages, they can be used to take action • Take leadership roles within the schools to promote respect and inclusion
    32. 32. • Install filtering software • Limit your child’s time on the internet • PAY ATTENTION • Develop a familyParents agreement for internet use. • Encourage the child to report bullying
    33. 33. • Develop policies on appropriate internet and cell phone use. (Follow through) • Zero tolerance for any form of bullying • Plan bullying intervention and prevention programs • Be consistent when dealing with bullyingSchools concerns • Ensure parents and children that bullying concerns will be taken seriously and dealt with effectively

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