Session 1 Orientation Safety Role


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  • Shape and size of ears – capture sound, scent
  • Position of eye on head Animals focus by muscle control – slow in horses
  • Breed differences sight hounds, herding dogs (1.5 km), cats nocturnal
  • Huddling, grooming, biting , kicking, striking, scruffing, body contact
  • Session 1 Orientation Safety Role

    1. 1. Animal Restraint & Handling Martha Imperato, LVT VTS 159-02
    2. 2. WHO AM I? <ul><li>Riding Master I: Meredith Manor </li></ul><ul><li>Waverly, W.Va </li></ul><ul><li>● A.A.S. Veterinary Technology </li></ul><ul><li>SUNY Delhi, Delhi, N.Y. </li></ul>*12 years experience with husbandry & training horses *11 years experience training versatile hunting dogs *22 years in the field of veterinary medicine *Certified in canine physical therapy & canine massage
    3. 3. MY GIRLS; Katydid
    4. 4. Honor Raisin’ Cain
    5. 5. So, What’s This Course About Anyway?
    6. 6. You’ll Learn How To: <ul><li>Properly restrain common large and small animal species for routine husbandry or medical procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Work safely around both large and small animal species </li></ul><ul><li>Identify common equipment used in the restraint of common large and small animal species </li></ul><ul><li>Identify different breeds within the species covered </li></ul>
    7. 7. How to Do Really Well in This Course… <ul><li>Reading Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Class Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Student Project </li></ul><ul><li>Final Exam </li></ul>
    8. 8. Course Requirements <ul><li>Reading Assignments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To be done before coming to class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes assigned textbook readings and hand-out articles/materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come prepared to discuss! </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Course Requirements Animal Restraint for Veterinary Professionals Sheldon, Sonsthagen, Topel Mosby, 2006 Veterinary Instruments & Equipment: A Pocket Guide Sonsthagen ; Mosby, 2006
    10. 10. Course Requirements <ul><li>Quizzes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 quizzes (comprises 25% of final grade) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Given after each “category” as a review of the material covered </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Course Requirements <ul><li>Class Participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance : MANDATORY! >2 absences = administrative withdrawal from course </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Dress : Coveralls & boots for farm labs Scrub tops for in-class labs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitude & Enthusiasm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mastery of skills for that day </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Course Requirements – Proper Dress Farm-Based Labs In-Class Labs (where live animals are used) WWW.QCSUPPLY.COM
    13. 13. Course Requirements – Proper Dress <ul><li>Improper attire at farm lab or in-class lab with = live animals </li></ul>Absence for the day TAKE NOTE!
    14. 14. Course Requirements: Proper Behavior <ul><li>We are guests at the farm locations… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ABSOLUTELY NO CELL PHONES! </li></ul></ul>“ The Horse Whisperer”
    15. 15. Course Requirements <ul><li>Student Project & Presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will involve breeds research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be presented November 20 th </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More information to follow later </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Course Requirements <ul><li>Final Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cumulative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical Portion (identification) and Written Portion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 40% of Final Grade </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Other Course Stuff… <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Websites/Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Announcements/Changes to Schedule </li></ul>
    18. 18.
    19. 19. SPECIAL NOTE… <ul><li>ANGEL Tutorial next week </li></ul><ul><li>Hardenbergh Room _____ </li></ul><ul><li>CHECK NOTES FROM HOPE </li></ul>
    20. 20. Questions?
    21. 21. Session 1 <ul><li>Principles of Restraint & The Role of the Veterinary Technician </li></ul>
    22. 22. WHAT IS RESTRAINT?
    23. 23. Restraint <ul><li>“ an act or the quality of holding back, limiting, or controlling something” </li></ul><ul><li>Effective restraint is essential for the success of a procedure and the health and safety of animals and people. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Developing skills <ul><li>We all posses the innate ability to control and manipulate animals which can be consciously developed according to interest or occupation. </li></ul><ul><li>People can be experts at handling certain species. Developing a rapport with one species doesn’t mean the same knowledge is directly transferred between animals. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Excellence: <ul><li>To become excellent, one must surround themselves with excellence. </li></ul><ul><li>HOW? </li></ul><ul><li>Study (observation, reading, listening to experts) </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>
    26. 26. Key to restraint: <ul><li>… is to use the minimal amount necessary to be effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>1. procedure / medical treatment </li></ul><ul><li>2. prevent harm to animal or medical treatment (bandage, sutures ect.) </li></ul><ul><li>3. personal protection </li></ul>
    27. 27. Types of restraint <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical </li></ul>
    28. 28. Considerations <ul><li>Environmental factors - weather - other animals nearby - owners </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for harm to the animal during restraint - small animals: falling from table, etc.; - large animals: barbed wire fencing, etc. </li></ul>
    29. 29. Animal Perception & Behavior <ul><li>Be aware of how animal senses your encroachment into its environment </li></ul>
    30. 30. Animal Perception: Smell <ul><li>Sense of smell is highly developed in all domestic mammals </li></ul><ul><li>When encountered an unusual / unfamiliar smell… </li></ul><ul><li>Horses: snort, become alert raise head & tail, </li></ul><ul><li>position ears forward </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle: blow thru nostrils, bulls paw @ </li></ul><ul><li>ground </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs: tuck tail, raise hackles </li></ul>
    31. 31. <ul><li>Slight sounds elicit movement of the ears and makes the animal aware of someone new </li></ul><ul><li>Use low, confident tones to allow the animal to become comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>Position of the ears is important to assessing animal’s attitude </li></ul>Animal Perception: Hearing
    32. 32. <ul><li>Herbivores have wide field of vision (to see predators from various angles) </li></ul><ul><li>Horses have sluggish accommodation – which makes them seem fractious when they’re not </li></ul>Animal Perception: Vision
    33. 33. Animal Perception: Vision <ul><li>Dogs’ ability to make out form and pattern is poor compared to humans (beware fear-biters!) </li></ul><ul><li>Cats are acutely aware of small movements when hunting, which allows them to react quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Quick reactions also allow fearful or vengeful cat to strike out against humans during restraint </li></ul>
    34. 34. Animal Perception: Touch <ul><li>Tentative, light touch or repeated patting makes many species nervous </li></ul><ul><li>Steady, firm strokes are reassuring </li></ul><ul><li>Touch is important in </li></ul><ul><li>the communication </li></ul><ul><li>between animals </li></ul>
    35. 35. <ul><li>Associated with conflict (being restrained) </li></ul><ul><li>Range from passive avoidance to aggression and fighting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fight or Flight” </li></ul>Animal Behavior: Agnostic Behaviors Understand the NORMAL behavior of the species in order to effectively restrain
    36. 36. Animal Behavior: Fight or Flight <ul><li>Each animal has a fight or flight distance – when it’s encroached animal goes into state of alert </li></ul><ul><li>Response can vary within the same species and with the same animal </li></ul>
    37. 37. Animal Behavior: Fight or Flight Responses Herd Animals Individual Animals Bunch together with a defined flight distance Avoidance: cow crashes thru fence; dog runs away Aggression: cow can run you over; dog will bite you
    38. 38. <ul><li>Pain Induced: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High probability for aggression if animal is apprehensive/nervous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maternal Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing domestic species are sensitized to interference with their offspring by strangers </li></ul></ul>Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    39. 39. <ul><li>Territorial Aggression : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strangers in animal’s territory arouses suspicion, which can lead to attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fear-Induced Aggression : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When animal is terrified in environment and left with no escape, it will become aggressive </li></ul></ul>Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    40. 40. <ul><li>Intermale Aggression : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Esp. problematic when studs are kept together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dominance Aggression : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal establishes authority over human family & strangers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very problematic in clinic setting! </li></ul></ul>Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    41. 41. The Role of the Vet Tech
    42. 42. Safety of People <ul><li>Takes precedence over animal </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how the animal can hurt you </li></ul><ul><li>Use sound judgment! </li></ul><ul><li>Understand What You’re Dealing With! </li></ul><ul><li>Animal’s behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal aggression </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fight or Flight” </li></ul><ul><li>Herding instinct </li></ul><ul><li>Mating season </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Owner presence </li></ul>
    43. 43. Safety of People <ul><li>Owner should NEVER restrain animal in exam room </li></ul><ul><li>Legal ramifications </li></ul>
    44. 44. Safety of the Animal <ul><li>Minimize the effects of handling! </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid causing stress (considerations for sick, old, pregnant and young animals) </li></ul><ul><li>Match restraint technique with procedure and individual animal </li></ul>Animal’s Perspective Vet Tech’s Perspective Restraint by person = Stress Resistance = More forcible restraint
    45. 45. Effects of Inappropriate Restraint <ul><li>Delayed recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Broken bones; dislocated joints </li></ul><ul><li>Premature death (due to shock) </li></ul><ul><li>Dystocias/Fetal death </li></ul>
    46. 46. Restraint Procedures & Equipment: EQUIPMENT <ul><li>“ Just because it worked before does not mean it will always work again…” </li></ul><ul><li>If using equipment, examine before use & have it ready </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t always rely on a favored restraint technique. Tailor the restraint to the individual animal </li></ul>
    47. 47. <ul><li>Ensure you have proper size equipment for the animal </li></ul>Restraint Procedures & Equipment: EQUIPMENT
    48. 48. Restraint Procedures & Equipment: VOICE <ul><li>Animals respond to tone & pitch Your anxiety results in an anxious animal </li></ul><ul><li>Always let animal know you’re approaching! Start talking to it before you get close by </li></ul><ul><li>3 Tones of Voice : Soothing, Instructional & Commanding </li></ul>
    49. 49. Soothing Voice <ul><li>Use when animal is behaving well </li></ul><ul><li>Use “crooning” words “good, good” “it’s okay” “hello <pet’s name>” </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid speaking urgently when the procedure is about to take place </li></ul>
    50. 50. Instructional Voice <ul><li>Used when animal balks </li></ul><ul><li>Firm, abrupt, louder than Soothing </li></ul><ul><li>BE DECISIVE ! </li></ul><ul><li>“ SIT,” “NO,” “STOP,” “WHOA!” </li></ul>
    51. 51. Commanding Voice <ul><li>Voice of authority </li></ul><ul><li>Used when animal is not behaving or paying attention </li></ul><ul><li>VERY FIRM, deep and much louder, with different inflection </li></ul><ul><li>“ ENOUGHHHHH!!!” “STOP IT!” </li></ul>DON’T SCREAM Screaming = Lack of control
    52. 52. Transferring energy <ul><li>Animals can preseve your anxieties </li></ul><ul><li>physically and mentally. </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of grip or force in restraint </li></ul><ul><li>Mentally clear mind of negative, angry thoughts </li></ul>