G Equine Restraint


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G Equine Restraint

  1. 1. Equine Restraint Techniques
  2. 2. Safety <ul><ul><li>There is no circumstance for which a human injury is justified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The individual restraining the horse is responsible for the safety of all present </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Safety <ul><li>If the horse doesn’t feel safe, the handler is not safe. </li></ul><ul><li>A horse can not learn while frightened. </li></ul><ul><li>-The installation of fear is not an appropriate training technique. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pay Attention <ul><li>This is Smarty Jones. </li></ul><ul><li>He won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>He is valued at over 34 million dollars as a breeding stallion. </li></ul>Must be a pretty important phone call, huh?
  5. 5. The Basics <ul><li>Horses are traditionally handled from the left side. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Halter <ul><li>Do not reach your arm over the horse’s poll to pull on halter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the horse jerks his head up while your arm is over his neck you will meet a nice orthopedic surgeon who will repair your dislocated shoulder. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With your arm under the horse’s jaw ‘flip’ the strap over the poll. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lead Shank <ul><li>NEVER, NEVER, NEVER EVER ‘tie’ yourself to an animal, particularly one that weighs ten times more than you do. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lead Shank <ul><li>NEVER, NEVER, NEVER leave a shank on the ground while it is attached to a horse. </li></ul><ul><li>If you must release the shank, drape it over the horse’s withers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tying <ul><li>Quick Release Knot </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Release Snap </li></ul><ul><li>Always tie at head level; avoid excessive slack </li></ul>Bad! Bad!
  10. 10. Note: Individual restraining the horse should always stand on the same side as the individual performing the procedure
  11. 11. Lead Shank <ul><li>Chain may be passed through halter ring on the near side and clipped to ring on off side. </li></ul><ul><li>This affords greater control only when pressure is applied to the shank. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lip Chain <ul><li>Provides restraint – gets horses attention under difficult situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause bleeding gums. </li></ul><ul><li>May promote head shyness in horses. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Twitch <ul><li>Causes release of endorphins and effectively ‘tranquilizes’ the horse for a period of up to 15 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Skill and reliability of handler is critical. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ‘ One –Man’ or ‘Humane’ Twitch <ul><li>OK, so what’s REALLY wrong with this picture? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Skin Twitch <ul><li>Provides minimal restraint by distracting the horse. </li></ul><ul><li>Often useful for administering injections to ‘needle-shy’ horses. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Hand Twitch/ Ear Hold <ul><li>Grasping the nose and/or ear can effectively immobilize the horse. </li></ul><ul><li>As horse complies, pressure can be released </li></ul>
  17. 17. Blindfold <ul><li>Relieves anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Increase verbal cues when using a blindfold </li></ul>
  18. 18. Blindfold <ul><li>Better used on the patient. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Manipulate Center of Gravity <ul><li>Recognize where the horse’s center of gravity is and where it must be shifted for the horse to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move away </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Equine Stocks <ul><li>Used by many veterinarians in reproductive practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rectal palpations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultrasound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embryo Transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artificial Insemination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing surgeries </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Equine Stocks <ul><li>Safety risk for individuals treating horse </li></ul><ul><li>There should still always be a handler at the horse’s head </li></ul>
  22. 22. Breeding Hobbles <ul><li>Permits mare to walk, but prevents her from kicking the stallion </li></ul>
  23. 23. Tail Tie <ul><li>Anesthesia recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Neurologic cases </li></ul>
  24. 24. Tail Tie
  25. 25. Sling <ul><li>Anesthesia recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Neurologic cases </li></ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse must tolerate sling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May require chemical restraint until adapted to sling apparatus </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Sling--Rescue