Restraint and Handling <br />of <br />EXOTICS<br />
The field of exotic or nondomestic pet medicine has grown , as the popularity of these animals has increased.<br />Increased number of specialty practices.<br />Increased number of veterinarians and technicians that specialize in this field.<br />
85% of problems seen in exotic pet medicine results from lack of information given by pet stores, veterinarians, and technicians to the new pet owner.<br />Husbandry<br />Nutrition<br />
General rule for restraint<br /><ul><li>Best protection both handler & animal is knowledge of animal (anatomy, behavior & special needs)
Restraint must be quick & efficient. Move quietly & confidently.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>EXOTICS are stressed more than any other species we handle in practice…. </li></ul> Sights<br /> Sounds<br /> Smells<br /> Temperature <br /><ul><li>The more tame a pet is the better it will tolerate stress.
Stress = disease & injury</li></li></ul><li>RODENTS<br /><ul><li>Why do we seen them in practice?
Trim nails, teeth, husbandry / nutritional concerns, physical exams, administer medication, blood collection </li></li></ul><li>WEAR GLOVES WHEN DEALING WITH RODENTS<br /> CAN DEVELOP ALLERGIES<br />Special consideration for each species:<br /><ul><li>MICE: do not squeeze to tight, they are bitters
RATS: instinct is to run & hide, last resort is to bite
HAMSTER: nocturnal desert animals, prod to wake , quick to bite, large cheek pouches, house alone
GERBIL: nocturnal desert animals, easily stressed & excited = seizures, do not pick up by tail = strip skin</li></li></ul><li> ROUTES OF ADMINISTERING MEDICATION <br /><ul><li>ORAL GAVAGE
LATERAL TAIL VIEN (EXCEPT GERBIL)</li></li></ul><li>TECHNIQUES FOR RESTRAINT AND HANDLING RODENTS:<br />PHYSICAL<br />MECHCANICAL<br /> CHEMICAL<br />
RABBITS<br />Quiet, shy, & not generally aggressive toward people<br />Nocturnal<br />Massive limb muscles compared to bone<br />Flight response – escape form of protection<br />Over heat easily<br />Ears can be easily damaged <br />Find safety in hiding us to advantage during restraint(allow to hide head under arm, shield eyes)<br /> SQ, IM,IV injections<br />Beware when sexing….inguinal rings open<br />
FERRETS<br />Make great pets, but can have strong odor<br />Carnivores (special chow)<br />Alert, active, very curious seek out small portal – need to make environment safe advantage<br />Have sweet tooth - for short procedures use laxatone, yogurt or ice cream <br /> Can also calm pet by placing it in your pocket <br />
MEDICAL PROCEDURES &PROBLEMS<br />Commonly seen for nail trims, ear cleaning, vaccinate for distemper(chicken embryo cell) <br />Medicate – oral, SQ, IM, use jugular& cephalic vein<br />Susceptible to influenza <br />Estrogen toxicity - induced ovulators ( prolonged heats create anemia)<br />Obstructions<br />Neoplasia<br />Insulinomas<br />
BIRDS<br />DELICATE highly sensitive to stress, temperature (80 -90) no drafts<br />Use beak, feet, wings as form of protection<br />Use least amount of restraint as possible (towel)<br />Typically seen for nail trim, clip wings (leave 3 -4 primary feathers), radiographs, splinting, self mutilation – feather plucking<br />