The objective of this paper is to examine the impact of information and communication technologies on employment. Recently there have been increasing concerns over how the accelerating development of artificial intelligence and automation will affect jobs. Given this setting we specifically wish to answer the following questions: What are the economic and political factors that may lead to the elimination of jobs through ICTs and automation? Are new jobs being created better and is the turnover to new jobs fast enough to Shumpeter’s creative destruction? Are public policies required to address this problem? If so, which policies? In this paper relies on existing research to determine give us some insights about such debate. The paper concludes with policy recommendations.