Presentation 4 adjective clauses part iv unit 11


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Presentation 4 adjective clauses part iv unit 11

  1. 1. 4 Adjective Clauses: Review and Expansion The Fearless Princess A Fairytale Focus on Grammar 5 Part IV, Unit 11 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Once upon a time, there was a prince. He decided to take a walk in a dark and scary forest. All of a sudden, a terrible storm moved in… …and the prince got completely lost.
  3. 3. In the morning, a terrifying dragon found the prince. The prince became very, very scared. Suddenly a knight in armor appeared from behind a tree and attacked the dragon. Now, the terrible dragon was afraid and ran away.
  4. 4. When the prince walked up to the knight, the knight took off his armor … … and a beautiful princess stood in front of him. She was strong and smart and sweet …
  5. 5. … and she took him to her castle where they lived happily ever after.
  6. 6. Definitions Definitions Can you complete these definitions? An adjective describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. An adjective describes … An adjective clause is a … An adjective clause is a dependent clause that describes a noun or pronoun in a main clause. Adjective clause pronouns (or relative Adjective clause pronouns (or relative pronouns) are who,pronouns) are … whom, which, and that.
  7. 7. Relative Pronouns 1 Relative Pronouns 1 Use who and that to refer to people. This is the prince who got lost. Here is the knight that the prince respects. This is the princess who saved the prince.
  8. 8. Relative Pronouns 2 Relative Pronouns 2 Use which and that to refer to things. The knight holds the sword which scared the dragon. The dragon that scared the prince spits fire.
  9. 9. Relative Pronouns 3 Relative Pronouns 3 That is less formal than who and which. which The knight holds the sword that scared the dragon. This is the princess that saved the prince’s life.
  10. 10. Adjective Clauses 1 Adjective Clauses 1 Here is the knight. He attacked the dragon. subject Here is the knight who attacked the dragon. noun adjective clause describes the noun
  11. 11. Adjective Clauses 2 Adjective Clauses 2 Do you see the dragon? It scared the prince. subject Do you see the dragon that scared the prince? noun adjective clause describes the noun
  12. 12. Adjective Clauses 3 Adjective Clauses 3 The dragon was dangerous. The knight attacked the dragon. object subject The dragon that the knight attacked was very dangerous. noun adjective clause describes the noun
  13. 13. Adjective Clauses 4 Adjective Clauses 4 The prince was scared. The princess saved him. object subject The prince whom the princess saved was scared. noun adjective clause describes the noun
  14. 14. Practice 1 2 Form sentences with adjective clauses. Who and what are these fairytale figures and items? 1 5 3 4
  15. 15. Using Whose 1 Using Whose 1 Use whose to replace a possessive adjective. An adjective clause with whose can modify people. The princess was powerful. They lived in her castle. noun The princess whose castle they lived in was powerful.
  16. 16. Using Whose 2 Using Whose 2 An adjective clause with whose can also modify things. The dragon ran away. Its appearance terrified the prince. noun The dragon whose appearance terrified the prince ran away.
  17. 17. Practice 2 Combine the sentences below. Change the second sentence to an adjective clause. The dragon, dangerous. 1. The dragon iswhose fire and smoke His fireeveryone, is scare everyone. scare and smoke dangerous. 2. The storm is frightening. the prince is storm, through which The prince is walking through the storm. walking, is frightening. 3. The princess is fearless. the prince princess, with whom The prince escapes with her. escapes, is fearless.
  18. 18. References References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.