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Assignment 3 adv. comms


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Assignment 3 adv. comms

  1. 1. Ethnic Cleansing in Myanmar By Marlena Martin
  2. 2. Conflict Summary • Significant religious unrest in Myanmar between Buddhists and the minority: Rohingya Muslims. • According to the 1982 Citizen Law Rohingya people are declared foreign residents/ illegal immigrants. ( • Rohingya communities forcibly displaced due to mob attacks on villages and persecution. Thousands fled the country by sea to neighbouring countries. • Limited media attention on the conflict as controlled by Burmese government. • Rohingya denied the right to get married and children born are not issued with birth certificates. • Burmese government will not accept an independent international commission to investigate crimes against humanity. • No punishment is given by government for any injustices to Muslims.
  3. 3. Parties involved • • • • • • Burmese Government Myanmar Officials Community Leaders Buddhist Monks State Security Forces Arkanese Mobs VS • Rohingya Muslims • Aung San Suu Kyi (democratic leader)
  4. 4. Situational Traits • Crisis situation as negative attitudes and fixed opinions of Buddhists about Muslims. • Conflict of culture and ethnic religion. Only one superior race in Buddhist views and that is them. • Behaviours and emotions displayed suggest social ranking of Rohingya Muslims as inferior and deserving of injustice. Emotions • • • • • • • • • Desperation Fear Anguish Despair Desolation Misery Torment Strength Determination
  5. 5. Conflict Negotiation Behaviours Displayed Myanmar Buddhists: • Aggressive Behaviour style. I win- you lose behaviour. • Genocide against Muslims is supported by all authority figures. • Destructive Strategy as Buddhists wanting all of ‘pie’ for themselves. Rohingya Muslims: • Injustice has forced most Muslims to emit submissive/ passive behaviour as constant acts of violence occurring. • Other Rohingya Muslims display assertive behaviour as they have held protests, and have not held riot’s or been violent towards the Burmese government.
  6. 6. Points of View • • Buddhist religion superior according to majority of Myanmar citizens. Shared Interests • Strong belief in religion. • Large amount of followers. “Human Rights Watch (HRW) dub violence as crimes against humanity.” ( • Government call Rohingya Muslims illegal Bangladesh immigrants. • Rohingya citizens want to stop the killing of innocent people. • The Press consider Rohingya people to be intruders. • One main idol as part of their religion: Allah, Buddha. • Each religion has strong values, and unique customs and traditions.
  7. 7. Four F’s to Achieve a Resolution Facts: • Destructive, Ego conflict situation. • Urgent resolution needed to stop the severe injustices occurring against the Rohingya people. Feelings: • Mutual understanding, compassion, a positive attitude towards change and equality must be established. Focus: • Stop the discriminatory killing of Rohingya people. • Establish equality by creating new laws which fairly acknowledge the views or Muslims and Buddhists. Feedback: • Clear lines of communication must be established between both parties.
  8. 8. Negotiated Settlement Between Parties Involved • The Buddhist community does not want to negotiate, bargain, or discuss changes with the Muslim people. It is therefore difficult to estimate a fair resolution for this conflict. • The Burmese government have the most power and influence in this conflict. • A resolution can only be reached if the government undergoes huge political restructure.
  9. 9. Best Alternative To a Negotiated Agreement The best alternative for the current situation is for international government officials in outside countries (Bangladesh, Thailand or China) to join forces and fight to end the genocide in Myanmar.
  10. 10. Strategies for Negotiation • Establish positive communication between parties: listen to gather information and uncover needs, work out future plans. • For the greater good of society create shared goals based on the shared interest of everyone. • Officials with enough power to influence should use a status negotiation strategy to stand up to stop this crisis. (i.e. The use of power create a positive difference).
  11. 11. • Communicate is key to negotiation. I would suggest using a compromise o a collaborative negotiation style so that both parties win. • Rohingya people should use a Autonomy negotiation strategy . • Rohingya people could use free media such as Facebook to showcase what injustices are going on in their country. Media attention would put pressure on the Burmese government to make changes, or external countries would be forced to intervene. • There should be an investigation into the crimes against the Rohingya people granted by the independent international commission.
  12. 12. References Resources • Barnett, S., & O’Rourke, S. (2011). Communication, organisation and innovation. (3rd ed.). Auckland; New Zealand: Pearson. • Burma: End 'Ethnic Cleansing’ of Rohingya Muslims. (2013). Retrieved from • HRW accuses Myanmar of ‘ethnic cleansing’. (2013). Retrieved from • Myanmar: Will anyone speak up for the world's most persecuted minority? (2013). Retrieved from’s-mostpersecuted-minority? Videos • YouTube. (2012) Burma killings shocking video_ Must See and Share !!!. Retrieved from • YouTube. (2012). Muslim killings in Myanmar - Western Media(CNN,BBC,FOX .....) still silent. Retrieved from • YouTube. (2013). Stop Killing MUSLIMS in MYANMAR. Retrieved from • YouTube. (2010). What's happening in Burma. Retrieved from Picture Reference List available . See printouts attached.