Adapting & applying for a skilled performance


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Adapting & applying for a skilled performance

  1. 1. Session 1 – Aspects of Movement Skill Development Students Learn About: Australias got Talent 2008 - Macca in Motion Body Control and Awareness: As you become more aware of the needs of a sport or movement your body develops kinaesthetic awareness. It allows you to have more control over the types of movements required, when toperform them, how to perform them and the ability to read cues and other players. Andy Murrays Insane Street Tennis Tricks
  2. 2. Object Manipulation and Control:• Sports using an object require skills that the performer needs to master to control the object being used. They will use the object to their advantage and develop the easier skill into a greater range of controlled movements. ShintyJust4Fun (Hockey Skills)
  3. 3. Anticipation and Timing:• A & T means knowing when to perform the skill at the right time. Players with good timing can:• Be in the right space at the right time• Make a pass to put other players in space• Move to receive or intercept• Know when to swing to make the best contact What Is Timing In Sports Funny Timing Errors in Sports
  4. 4. Technique:• Most skills being learnt have sub-routines or key teaching point that the learner will need to put together in order to complete the skill. It will require the player to:• Know the right patterns or points• Practice and refine them consistently• Perform them under pressure situations• Refine technique as development occursEjercicios de Coordinacion Futbol
  5. 5. Influences on Skill Development and Performance • Transfer of skills and concepts:When we wish to learn more difficult skills, we may need to rely on previously learnt skills or movements. Normally more complex or difficult skills are a composition of easier or simple skills put together. Learners may:• Adapt from skills from other sports• Adapt using smaller parts of skills• Adapt to more complex skills• Adapt once they are more capable (growth)• Adapt once their ability increases
  6. 6. Learning Environments:• The learning environment has a massive influence on the leaner. Environments need to be an encouraging and positive one if learners are going to improve. The environment needs to consider:• Physical conditions (weather, surface, equipment, etc)• Type of environment (closed= court/field/markings or open= surfing)• Type of skill(continuous = walking, discrete= tennis serve, or serial = routines)• Types of muscles being used (gross = major muscle groups or fine = refined movements)• Types of learner ( personality, ability, experience)
  7. 7. Importance of Practice: • In any sport practice makes perfect, however, there are different ways to practice in order to suit the type of skill, learner, environment, etc. When deciding upon the learning strategy we must consider: • Physical practice (massed (time) versus distributed(rest)) • Mental practice (rehearsal versus visualisation) • Practice FITT(frequency, intensity, type and time) • Method of practice (whole versus part)How to Kick a Soccer Ball : How to Shoot a Soccer Ball with Power
  8. 8. Feedback:• When performers are developing new movements or skills it’s important that they receive information to let them know how they’re going. Performers can receive the following types of feedback:• Internal (within themselves)• External (coach, crowd, media)• Positive• Negative• Knowledge of results• Knowledge of performance
  9. 9. Safety:• When learning new skills or movements, confidence is everything to a learner. The learner must feel safe in the learning environment. Ways to make the learning environment safe includes:• Knowledge of the game rules and regulations• Preparation (warming up, knowing the skills and the game)• Execution (equipment necessary, skills practiced, within capabilities)• Completion (set routines after skill is finished, warming down, recovery)
  10. 10. What factors affect how we learn movement skills ?• Environment and circumstances:Example, when participating in outdoor activities like tennis, cross country running, surfing, beach volleyball, playing conditions are affected by external influences like weather, which can be unpredictable.Skills applied in an environment that is constantly changing are known as open skills, wheras skills applied in a stable or predictable environment are known as closed skills.The Impact of Extreme Cold Weather on Athletic Performance
  11. 11. Types of muscles involved in the movement skill:• What type of muscle groups are we using?• Movements may involve large groups of muscles such as those in the back, legs, arms and shoulders as we run, swim.• Skills using large muscle groups are known as gross motor skills and those using small groups of muscles are known as fine motor skills.
  12. 12. Observable parts to the skill• Is there a clear beginning and end to the skill or is it made up of a series of smaller, separate skills?Three types of skills to consider in this area:• Continuous skillsWhich do not have a distinct beginning or end; examples include walking, swimming and basic ice-skating• Discrete skillsWhich have a clear beginning and end; examples include diving into a swimming pool and scoring a goal in hockey• Serial skillsWhich are a combination of skills that make up one whole skill, such as in a range of dance skills performed together
  13. 13. Applying mechanical principles to enhance performance• Absorbing and Applying Force:Force that act on the body during skill performance can come from within the body and outside it.When applying force we need to generate enough force that the object or surface is carrying in order to make it move. (equal force or more). We apply in the body by contracting muscles. The forces applied onto our body is mainly gravity or objects and other players, water, friction ground reaction.Professional Discus Form Slalom Water Skiing crashes 28 32 35 38 39 41 off Ski Nautique JAVELIN THROW - TOP 10 JAVELIN THOWERS
  14. 14. Balance and StabilityAll sports require some form of balance and stability. The greater strength we have of our core stability the greater our centre of gravity is to allow us to maintain both static and dynamic balance.• Centre of gravity is the centre by which all movement acts off• Static balance is maintaining a postural position (handstand)• Dynamic balance is keeping control whilst moving (dodging and weaving)
  15. 15. Momentum• When one body collides with another, the greater the momentum, the greater is the effect on the other body. For example, the impact of a motor vehicle collision will be far greater if a car is travelling fast and the body that it collides with is also moving quickly. If the two bodies are of the same mass and travelling at different velocities, the body moving with the greater velocity(speed) will be more difficult to stop. If two objects are travelling with the same velocity but have a different mass, the heavier object will be harder to stop.• Bates Stable - Part 1 JAVELIN Throw Technique : Exercises on the HOP and BLOCK by D.POPPE.m4v
  16. 16. General principles for throwing events• In the throwing events – Javelin, discus, hammer and shot-put there are five components: – Starting position – Building momentum – Throwing position – Delivery of the implement – Follow – through or recovery Jacko Gill Progress in the last couple of years
  17. 17. Appreciating movement composition and performance• The saying ‘Beauty is in the eye of the beholder’ also applies to movement context. For many people soccer, known by some as ‘the beautiful game’, epitomises everything that a person would want in a game. Other people enjoy both the movement composition and the performance of synchronised diving, rhythmic gymnastics and games such as water polo or ice hockey.Aesthetics• poor form• good form
  18. 18. Appreciating movement composition and performance• Qualities of Performance:• When we’re looking at a performance how do you know what is good and what is bad. Normally we appreciate things that just look good (aesthetic appreciation). Other qualities that make a good performance include:• commitment and dedication• technical skill• accuracy and consistency• innovation and creativity• read the play• teamwork and set plays
  19. 19. Analytical Techniques:• In order for a performer to develop or improve the coach or instructor needs to know what is actually required for the sport or skill. Coaches need to decide what they are analysing. The requirements of the sport or the players ability to perform the requirements. Coaches these days look for:• components of fitness• components of skills• players ability (technique)• players training/practice habits