Smart Grid Micro Grid Energy T&D and Storage


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Smart Grid Micro Grid Energy T&D and Storage

  1. 1. Get more info on this report!Smart Grid Micro Grid Energy T&D and StorageJanuary 1, 2010This research report about selected Smart Grid components presents an in-depthanalysis of the development, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in thedevelopment of transmission and distribution (T&D) system automation, energy storage,and microgrids in the United States and around the world. T&D system automation isvital to smart grid development, is badly in need of repair, and has not been designedfor the power needs of high technology systems. Battery storage systems can improvepower quality and reliability and improve the effectiveness of intermittent renewableenergy sources but are not yet cost effective in most instances. Microgrids could servethe specific needs of localized electric loads and become proxies for smart griddevelopment but lack a common set of standards that could drive their growth. Thereport provides a comprehensive assessment of all three of these areas, cost andregulatory concerns that have limited their growth, the potential opportunities for newapplications (particularly for integrating intermittent renewable energy sources into thegrid), and an assessment of developing technologies that make the grid “smart”.Projected growth through 2014 for these areas is provided including discussion ofenergy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumer acceptance,stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates. The reportalso profiles manufacturers and marketers of technologies in these areas and thestrategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.Scope and MethodologyThis report includes both primary and secondary research. Secondary research datahave been obtained from government sources, trade association publications, businessjournals, and company literature. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, bothglobally and for the United States. The market size for (T&D) system automation,energy storage, and microgrid technologies is projected from 2009 to 2014.Potential applications, buying trends, environmental issues, and energy considerationsare also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimates and forecasts are based ongovernment and secondary sources, and the impact of factors such as governmentgrants and incentives, environmental concerns, fuel and energy prices, economic
  2. 2. considerations, and demand for renewable energy sources.How You Will Benefit from this ReportIf your company is involved in renewable energy, electric service, business consultingand integration of electric resources, energy planning, off-grid electric applications,general construction, or simply want to determine the myriad opportunities that existwith development of hydropower you will find this report invaluable, as it provides acomprehensive package of information and insight about conventional and ocean hydrotechnologies that are not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thoroughunderstanding of (T&D) system automation, energy storage, and microgrid applicationsand markets, as well as projected market sizes and trends through 2014.This report will help: Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for (T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid products and services. Research and Development Professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives, product applications, and demand for (T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid technologies. Advertising Agencies working with clients in energy efficiency, energy service, and energy planning develop compelling messages and images to promote development of (T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid projects. Business Development Executives understand the dynamics of developing T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid projects, identify potential partnerships, and detect new product applications. Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.Additional InformationMarket Insights: A Selection From The ReportMicrogrid ComponentsMicrogrids will vary in size and composition based on the specific loads they must serveand the physical area they comprise. Regardless of size, load, or cost all microgrids willneed electricity generating resources, energy storage capability, and systems and otherdevices that manage and control electric power within the microgrid. Since most
  3. 3. microgrids will interconnect with a utility grid, a transformer will be a necessity as well asa static switch that will automatically disconnect the microgrid from utility power whenpower problems on the grid arise. Depending on the loads within the microgrid a powerinverter will be required to change direct current (DC) into alternating current (AC).When more than one energy source is used distributed power electronics will beneeded to balance and synchronize electricity generation. Other equipment, such asswitches, power flow controllers, power cables, and communication gear will also beused based on microgrid needs. Figure 1-4 shows a schematic of the CERTS Microgridconcept with the various components it requires.Power generating units will comprise the bulk of the costs of a microgrid followed bycosts for energy storage systems. These two components will likely account for overtwo thirds of the costs for developing microgrids but this estimate is highly variable. Thesize of the microgrid, the composition of its electric loads, the type of generatingsources, and other factors will determine the number and types of components that willbe needed to build a microgrid.Combined Heat and Power (CHP)Combined heat and power (CHP) systems (also known as cogeneration) generateelectricity and heat from a single, integrated system and use the heat that wouldnormally be wasted for heating or cooling purposes. CHP systems can achieveefficiencies between 60 percent and 80 percent which is significantly greater than thetypical 33 percent efficiency attained from fossil fuel power plants. Since CHP systemsare designed for particular needs and used in a localized setting, they comprise severalkey components of a microgrid. Other components would need to be deployed, butCHP systems provide a foundation from which a microgrid could be built.In the News Fast, reliable and cost-effective, the microgrid market is capturing attention and government fundingNew York, January 5, 2010 - Smart grid technology has gained much notoriety as thesolution to the world’s future electric power needs, but due to the daunting size andcomplexity of the current electrical grid, it will take utilities years to transform the gridinto any semblance of a smart grid.A new market study from SBI Energy, Smart Grid Micro Grid Energy T&D and Storage,projects that the timely and cost-effective microgrid will pave the way to full smart gridintegration faster than utilities alone. Forecasted to grow 13% during the 2009 to 2014period, the market for microgrids will near $7 billion by 2014 supported byimplementation at large industrial operations, military bases and communities whereelectricity is unstable or non-existent.
  4. 4. By design, the microgrid comprises all the same components of a larger grid and thus,stimulus funds that have been provided by the American Recovery and ReinvestmentAct (ARRA) of 2009 specifically for smart grid development will simultaneously benefitmicrogrids. According to SBI Energy, microgrids will become the incubator andoperational test bed for innovative smart grid solutions and vendors since it issignificantly less difficult and costly to deploy smart technologies.“New technologies to support the different facets of smart grids—communicationsystems, sensors, control software, and smart meters to name a few—are beingdeveloped not only by small venture firms but also more recently by large, well-established companies,” says Shelley Carr, publisher of SBI Energy. “Regulators,industrial firms, consumers, and other stakeholders will test, evaluate, and begin toidentify the technologies that will usher in a new era of electric generation, delivery,consumption, and cost. Coupled with worldwide electric infrastructure costs that areestimated to top $1.5 trillion over the next twenty years there will be much activity in theelectricity production and delivery area in the near future.”Smart Grid Micro Grid Energy T&D and Storage presents an in-depth analysis of thedevelopment, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in the advancement oftransmission and distribution (T&D) system automation, energy storage, and microgridsin the United States and around the world.The report provides a comprehensive assessment of all three of these areas, cost andregulatory concerns that have limited their growth, the potential opportunities for newapplications (particularly for integrating intermittent renewable energy sources into thegrid), and an assessment of developing technologies that make the grid “smart”.Projected growth through 2014 for these areas is provided, including discussion ofenergy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumer acceptance,stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates. The reportalso profiles manufacturers and marketers of technologies in these areas and thestrategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.About SBI EnergySBI Energy, a division of, publishes research reports in theindustrial, energy, building/construction, automotive/transportation markets. SBI Energyalso offers a full range of custom research services.Table of Contents Chapter 1: Executive summary Scope Figure 1-1: Smart Grid Components Schematic
  5. 5. Research MethodologyTransmission and Distribution AutomationT&D System ComponentsT&D Automation Market Size and GrowthFigure 1-2: T&D Automation Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs)T&D Growth FactorsEnergy StorageEnergy Storage ApplicationsEnergy Storage TechnologiesBattery Storage Market Size and GrowthFigure 1-3: Battery Storage Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)Factors Driving Battery Storage GrowthFactors Hindering Battery Storage GrowthMicrogridsMicrogrid Benefits and CapabilitiesSmart MicrogridsMicrogrid ApplicationsMicrogrid TrendsMicrogrid ComponentsFigure 1-4: CERTS Microgrid SchematicCombined Heat and Power (CHP)Figure 1-5: Microgrid Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions)Microgrid Growth DriversRegulatory and Other Constraints on Microgrid GrowthSummary
  6. 6. Chapter 2: Transmission & Distribution Automation Scope The Transmission and Distribution System Figure 2-1: Schematic of the Electric System The Transmission System Transmission Reliability Figure 2-2: Electric Reliability Metrics, United States, 2000-2005 Line Loss Transmission System Components The Distribution System The Need for Smart Technologies at the Distribution Level Distribution System Components Market Size and Growth Monitoring and Control Systems Figure 2-3: T&D Monitoring and Control System Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $) Distribution Automation Figure 2-4: Distribution Automation Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $) Protective Relays Figure 2-5: Protective Relay Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $) Substation Automation Figure 2-6: Substation Automation, 2009-2014 (in billion $) Smart Meters Figure 2-7: Smart Metering Hardware and Software Market Size, 2009-2014 (in billion $) Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) Figure 2-8: Sinusoidal Waveform and Phasor Representation Diagram Figure 2-9: Phasor Measurement Unit Installations on the North American Grid Table 2-1: Global Phasor Measurement Applications
  7. 7. Figure 2-10: Phasor Measurement Unit Market Size, 2009-2014 ($ millions) Market Growth Enhancers and Inhibitors Market Growth Enhancers Market Growth Inhibitors SummaryChapter 3: Energy Storage Scope The Need for Energy Storage Figure 3-1: Energy Storage Schematic Energy Storage Applications Power Improvement Figure 3-2: Grid Frequency Regulation Example Table 3-1: Energy Storage for Electric Generation Applications Infrastructure Cost Reduction Table 3-2: Energy Storage for Transmission and Distribution Applications Energy Cost Reduction Other Energy Storage Applications Table 3-3: Energy Storage for End User Applications Energy Storage Technologies Battery Storage Lead-Acid Batteries Figure 3-3: Battery Module Diagram Flow Batteries Figure 3-4: Flow Battery Diagram Advanced batteries Fuel Cells Figure 3-5: Phosphoric-Acid Fuel Cell Diagram
  8. 8. Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Supercapacitors Figure 3-6: Supercapacitor Diagram Flywheels Figure 3-7: Flywheel Diagram Table 3-4: Energy Storage Technologies, Advantages and Disadvantages Pumped Hydro Figure 3-8: Pumped Storage Hydropower System Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Market Size and Growth Figure 3-9: Energy Storage Technology Cost Comparison, 2008 ($ per KW) Table 3-5: Battery Storage Technology Cost Comparison Figure 3-10: Global Energy Storage Market Growth by Type of System, 2009-2014 ($ billions) Figure 3-11: Battery Storage Market Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions) Growth Enhancers and Inhibitors Growth Enhancers Growth Inhibitors Current Application Examples SummaryChapter 4: Microgrids Scope Microgrids Table 4-1: Microgrid Characteristics Microgrid Definitions
  9. 9. Microgrid Benefits and CapabilitiesDistributed Electric (DE) GenerationAutonomous OperationsTechnology InnovatorsEnvironmental BenefitsEnergy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005)Direct Current (DC) MicrogridsSmart MicrogridsFigure 4-1: Two Approaches to Smart Grid DevelopmentMicrogrid DevelopmentSmart Grid Killer AppMicrogrid ApplicationsOperational MicrogridsCommercial and Industrial MicrogridsFigure 4-2: Mad River Park MicrogridMilitary MicrogridsCommunity MicrogridsInstitutional MicrogridsOff-Grid MicrogridsFigure 4-3: Kythnos Island MicrogridThe CERTS Microgrid ConceptFigure 4-4: CERTS Microgrid Test Bed FacilityMicrogrid Market Size and GrowthMicrogrid TrendsCombined Heat and Power (CHP)Figure 4-5: Comparison of CHP and Conventional Generating Systems
  10. 10. Figure 4-6: Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions) Figure 4-7: Microgrid Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions) Factors Enhancing and Inhibiting Market Growth Growth Drivers Regulatory Constraints Other Growth Inhibitors Microgrid Benefits SummaryChapter 5: Competitive Profiles Scope ABB Ltd (The ABB Group) Overview Mergers and Acquisitions Company Performance Table 5-1: ABB Group Company Information Product Portfolio Table 5-2: ABB Product Portfolio Significant Developments Beacon Power Corporation Overview Performance Table 5-3: Beacon Power Company Information Product Portfolio Table 5-4: Beacon Power Product Portfolio Significant Events CURRENT Group, LLC
  11. 11. OverviewMergers and AcquisitionsCompany PerformanceTable 5-5: CURRENT Group Company InformationProduct PortfolioTable 5-6: CURRENT Group Product PortfolioSignificant DevelopmentsEast Penn Manufacturing Company, Inc.OverviewPerformanceTable 5-7: East Penn Company InformationProduct PortfolioTable 5-8: East Penn Product PortfolioSales DistributionSignificant EventsERLPhase Power Technologies LtdOverviewPerformanceTable 5-9: ERLPhase Company InformationProduct PortfolioTable 5-10: ERLPhase Product PortfolioSales DistributionSignificant EventsGeneral Electric CoOverviewMergers and Acquisitions
  12. 12. Company PerformanceTable 5-11: GE Energy / GE Consumer & Industrial Company InformationProduct PortfolioTable 5-12: GE Energy Product PortfolioSignificant DevelopmentsNexTek Power Systems, IncOverviewMergers and AcquisitionsPerformanceTable 5-13: NexTek Company InformationProduct PortfolioTable 5-14: NexTek Product PortfolioSales DistributionSignificant EventsPremium Power CorporationOverviewPerformanceTable 5-15: Premium Power Company InformationProduct PortfolioTable 5-16: Premium Power Product PortfolioSignificant EventsQualitrol Company LLCOverviewMergers and AcquisitionsPerformanceTable 5-17: Qualitrol Company Information
  13. 13. Product Portfolio Table 5-18: Qualitrol Product Portfolio Sales Distribution Tecogen, Inc Overview Subsidiaries and Partnerships Performance Table 5-19: Tecogen Company Information Product Portfolio Table 5-20: Tecogen Product Portfolio Sales Distribution Significant DevelopmentsAvailable immediately for Online Download at 800.298.5699UK + +1.240.747.3093Fax: 240.747.3004