Get more info on this report!Rare Earth Elements Markets WorldwideJune 1, 2011This research report presents an in-depth an...
demand, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates.The report also profiles producers of ...
political and geo-regional issues, and anticipated future REE costs. This report      will provide an awareness of the REE...
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for unwrought beryllium,beryllium waste and scrap, ...See all rep...
to maximize growth and profitability.Scope and MethodologyThis report includes both primary and secondary research. Second...
projected future market conditions by seeking alternative REE sources, modifying     production processes and product comp...
Figure 1-8 Rare Earth Market Size, 2005-20010 ($ billions)      Figure 1-9 Rare Earth Uses, 2010      Figure 1-10 Rare Ear...
Principal REE Deposits     Figure 2-5 World Rare Earth Element Reserves by Country     Rare Earth-Bearing Minerals     Tab...
Figure 3-1 Rare Earth Prices - Selected Minerals, 2005-2009 ($/kg REOequivalent)Chinese Rare Earth QuotasFigure 3-2 Chines...
Japanese DemandRecyclingFactors Inhibiting Rare Earth GrowthDevelopment CostsEnvironmental IssuesLack of ExpertiseRare Ear...
Chapter 4 Emerging Rare Earth Developments     Scope     New Rare Earth Exploration and Development     Greenland     Tabl...
European Union      United States      Minimizing Environmental Concerns      Radioactive Wastes      More Efficient Extra...
Arafura Resources LtdAgreements and PartnershipsMine DevelopmentCompany PerformanceTable 5-4 Arafura Company InformationSi...
Agreements and Partnerships      Mine Development      Company Performance      Table 5-10 Stans Energy Company Informatio...
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Rare Earth Elements Markets Worldwide

  1. 1. Get more info on this report!Rare Earth Elements Markets WorldwideJune 1, 2011This research report presents an in-depth analysis of the production, market,development, applications, and trends for rare earth elements (REE). The 17 differentrare earth elements are used extensively in a wide variety of applications to maketechnologies lighter, stronger, more efficient, and easier to use. Product applications runthe gamut from the very technical to the mundane. For example, REEs are used tomake super strong permanent magnets that increase the efficiency of wind generatorswhile significantly reducing their weight. They are used extensively in electric vehicles toincrease battery capacity and reduce weight (and they are also essential in producingcatalytic converters for gasoline powered automobiles). REEs are used in medicine forsmall, portable X-ray devices as well as lasers that can treat glaucoma and otherconditions. In some instances REE directly treat some forms of cancer. They make thephosphors that give color to television sets and LED lighting as well as flints forcigarette lighters. These are but a few of the many current uses of rare earth elementsand new applications are being developed on a routine basis, such as for the treatmentof water and for magnetic refrigeration.Contrary to their name, rare earth elements are no so rare. They are found inabundance worldwide and are more common than tin in some cases and almost asabundant as copper. All rare earth elements are far more abundant that silver or gold.However, to date only a relatively few deposits have been found with sufficient REEconcentrations to make mining them economical. The United States produced most ofthe world’s REE up until about 1985, at which time China began to become a majorsupplier. Today, China produces about 97% of the world’s rare earths. Problemsstemming from this (virtually) single source include supply constraints, reducedshipments and outright embargos, environmental problems, and rising prices. Since the1950’s there was very little exploration for new REE sources (except in China) but manycountries and mine operators are now actively seeking new REE deposits anddeveloping existing ones.This report provides a comprehensive assessment of rare earth element production,demand, applications, and economic and cost considerations that have limitedproduction and exploration for new sources, their growth over the past several years,potential opportunities for additional growth, and an assessment of developingtechnologies, alternatives, and market trends. Projected REE growth through 2020 isprovided including discussion of economic conditions, environmental impacts, business
  2. 2. demand, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates.The report also profiles producers of rare earths and the strategies they have adoptedto maximize growth and profitability.Scope and MethodologyThis report includes both primary and secondary research. Secondary research datahave been obtained from government sources, trade association publications, businessjournals, and company literature. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, on aglobal, regional, and country-level scale. The market size for rare earths is projectedfrom 2011 to 2020.Potential applications, development trends, environmental issues, government behavior,and business considerations are also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimatesand forecasts are based on government and secondary sources, and the impact offactors such as health and environmental concerns, economic considerations, andbusiness demand for rare earth oxides and metals.How You Will Benefit from this ReportIf you drive a car, invest in energy (alternative or otherwise), design electronic systems,work in healthcare, manufacture lighting systems, play sports, or analyze satellitephotography you are affected by rare earth elements. Their use in myriad everydayproducts affects virtually everyone to one degree or another. The quest for alternativeenergy systems, particularly wind generation systems and battery storage, are highlydependent upon the use REEs. Space technology, defense systems, computermemory, DVD players, and other advanced electronics are also reliant on REEs.Whether you are a manufacturer trying to plan future production requirements, anelectric utility or independent power generator planning for the use of alternative energyand the Smart Grid, an importer, exporter, or retailer of consumer electronics, or a smallbusiness that could be impacted by the supply and use of rare earth elements, thisreport provides a comprehensive package of information and insight about rare earthelement production, supply, and future growth that are not offered in any other singlesource. You will gain a thorough understanding of why rare earths are necessary, whattechnologies are most affected by their use, and how to make sense of a marketdominated by a single source but looking to diversify at a breathtaking rate. You willalso gain a thorough understanding of technology trends, particularly as they apply toalternatives to REE. Projected rare earth market growth through 2020 is also presented.This report will help: Research and Development Professionals remain abreast of emerging REE concerns, exploration initiatives, product applications, and the demand and development of REE alternatives. Manufacturing production planners, alternative energy producers, and users of REEs understand where the REE market is headed, potential supply problems,
  3. 3. political and geo-regional issues, and anticipated future REE costs. This report will provide an awareness of the REE market to help users react effectively to projected future market conditions by seeking alternative REE sources, modifying production processes and product composition, and projecting future requirements. Advertising Agencies working with clients who manufacture products with REE, import or export products containing REE, or sell products using REEs to more effectively promote, inform, and market such products when faced with limited REE supplies and rising costs. Retailers who sell consumer electronics, computer systems, sporting equipment, and other durable goods understand the potential effects on consumer demand should REE supply become problematic or if prices continue to increase. Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively. Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for products made with REEs.More Global Rare Earth Metals ReportsRare Earth Metal Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2011 to 2017by Wintergreen ResearchWinterGreen Research announces that it has a new study on Rare Earth Elements:Market Shares and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2011-2017. The study has 246 pages and ...The 2011-2016 World Outlook for Strontium Compounds Excluding StrontiumCarbonate by Icon Group International, Inc.This econometric study covers the world outlook for strontium compounds excludingstrontium carbonate across more than 200 countries. For each year reported, estimatesare given ...The 2011-2016 World Outlook for Rare Earth Compounds by Icon Group International,Inc.This econometric study covers the world outlook for rare earth compounds across morethan 200 countries. For each year reported, estimates are given for the ...Beryllium by Global Industry AnalystsThis report analyzes the worldwide markets for Beryllium in Metric Tons by the followingend-use segments: Telecom Equipment/Computers, Automotive Electronics, Aerospaceand Defense, Industrial ...The World Market for Unwrought Beryllium, Beryllium Waste and Scrap, and BerylliumPowders: A 2011 Global Trade Perspective by Icon Group International, Inc.This report was created for strategic planners, international executives and
  4. 4. import/export managers who are concerned with the market for unwrought beryllium,beryllium waste and scrap, ...See all reports like this >>TABLE OF CONTENTSThis research report presents an in-depth analysis of the production, market,development, applications, and trends for rare earth elements (REE). The 17 differentrare earth elements are used extensively in a wide variety of applications to maketechnologies lighter, stronger, more efficient, and easier to use. Product applications runthe gamut from the very technical to the mundane. For example, REEs are used tomake super strong permanent magnets that increase the efficiency of wind generatorswhile significantly reducing their weight. They are used extensively in electric vehicles toincrease battery capacity and reduce weight (and they are also essential in producingcatalytic converters for gasoline powered automobiles). REEs are used in medicine forsmall, portable X-ray devices as well as lasers that can treat glaucoma and otherconditions. In some instances REE directly treat some forms of cancer. They make thephosphors that give color to television sets and LED lighting as well as flints forcigarette lighters. These are but a few of the many current uses of rare earth elementsand new applications are being developed on a routine basis, such as for the treatmentof water and for magnetic refrigeration.Contrary to their name, rare earth elements are no so rare. They are found inabundance worldwide and are more common than tin in some cases and almost asabundant as copper. All rare earth elements are far more abundant that silver or gold.However, to date only a relatively few deposits have been found with sufficient REEconcentrations to make mining them economical. The United States produced most ofthe world’s REE up until about 1985, at which time China began to become a majorsupplier. Today, China produces about 97% of the world’s rare earths. Problemsstemming from this (virtually) single source include supply constraints, reducedshipments and outright embargos, environmental problems, and rising prices. Since the1950’s there was very little exploration for new REE sources (except in China) but manycountries and mine operators are now actively seeking new REE deposits anddeveloping existing ones.This report provides a comprehensive assessment of rare earth element production,demand, applications, and economic and cost considerations that have limitedproduction and exploration for new sources, their growth over the past several years,potential opportunities for additional growth, and an assessment of developingtechnologies, alternatives, and market trends. Projected REE growth through 2020 isprovided including discussion of economic conditions, environmental impacts, businessdemand, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates.The report also profiles producers of rare earths and the strategies they have adopted
  5. 5. to maximize growth and profitability.Scope and MethodologyThis report includes both primary and secondary research. Secondary research datahave been obtained from government sources, trade association publications, businessjournals, and company literature. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, on aglobal, regional, and country-level scale. The market size for rare earths is projectedfrom 2011 to 2020.Potential applications, development trends, environmental issues, government behavior,and business considerations are also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimatesand forecasts are based on government and secondary sources, and the impact offactors such as health and environmental concerns, economic considerations, andbusiness demand for rare earth oxides and metals.How You Will Benefit from this ReportIf you drive a car, invest in energy (alternative or otherwise), design electronic systems,work in healthcare, manufacture lighting systems, play sports, or analyze satellitephotography you are affected by rare earth elements. Their use in myriad everydayproducts affects virtually everyone to one degree or another. The quest for alternativeenergy systems, particularly wind generation systems and battery storage, are highlydependent upon the use REEs. Space technology, defense systems, computermemory, DVD players, and other advanced electronics are also reliant on REEs.Whether you are a manufacturer trying to plan future production requirements, anelectric utility or independent power generator planning for the use of alternative energyand the Smart Grid, an importer, exporter, or retailer of consumer electronics, or a smallbusiness that could be impacted by the supply and use of rare earth elements, thisreport provides a comprehensive package of information and insight about rare earthelement production, supply, and future growth that are not offered in any other singlesource. You will gain a thorough understanding of why rare earths are necessary, whattechnologies are most affected by their use, and how to make sense of a marketdominated by a single source but looking to diversify at a breathtaking rate. You willalso gain a thorough understanding of technology trends, particularly as they apply toalternatives to REE. Projected rare earth market growth through 2020 is also presented.This report will help: Research and Development Professionals remain abreast of emerging REE concerns, exploration initiatives, product applications, and the demand and development of REE alternatives. Manufacturing production planners, alternative energy producers, and users of REEs understand where the REE market is headed, potential supply problems, political and geo-regional issues, and anticipated future REE costs. This report will provide an awareness of the REE market to help users react effectively to
  6. 6. projected future market conditions by seeking alternative REE sources, modifying production processes and product composition, and projecting future requirements. Advertising Agencies working with clients who manufacture products with REE, import or export products containing REE, or sell products using REEs to more effectively promote, inform, and market such products when faced with limited REE supplies and rising costs. Retailers who sell consumer electronics, computer systems, sporting equipment, and other durable goods understand the potential effects on consumer demand should REE supply become problematic or if prices continue to increase. Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively. Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for products made with REEs.Table of ContentsChapter 1 Executive Summary Scope Research Methodology The Rare Earth Elements Figure 1-1 The Period Table and the Elements Table 1-2 Light and Heavy Rare Earth Elements Global REE Deposits Figure 1-3 World Rare Earth Element Reserves by Country Rare Earth Element Applications The Rare Earth Market Today Table 1-4 Rare Earth Element Energy Applications Figure 1-5 Rare Earth Prices - Selected Light Rare Earth Elements (LREE), August 2010-February 2011 ($/kg - REO equivalent) Figure 1-6 Rare Earth Prices - REEs Used in Neodymium-Iron-Boron Magnets February 2009-February 2011 ($/kg - REO equivalent) Figure 1-7 Chinese Rare Earth Quotas and Price Effects Metric Tons of REE, $/kg REO Equivalents (2005-2010) Market Demand
  7. 7. Figure 1-8 Rare Earth Market Size, 2005-20010 ($ billions) Figure 1-9 Rare Earth Uses, 2010 Figure 1-10 Rare Earth Demand, 2011-2020 Figure 1-11 Rare Earth Production, 1956-2008 Market Supply Table 1-1 Potential Non-China Rare Earth Operations, 2011-2020 Figure 1-12 Non-China Rare Earth Production, 2011-2020 Figure 1-13 Rare Earth Element Production, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons) Market Size Figure 1-14 Rare Earth Market and Global Rare Earth Production, 2011-2020 ($ billions, thousands of metric tons) Market Considerations Rare Earth Growth Factors Rare Earth Growth Inhibitors SummaryChapter 2 Market Definition Scope Rare Earth Elements Figure 2-1 The Period Table and the Rare Earth Elements Rare Earth Element History Rare Earth Elements - Not So Rare Figure 2-2 Abundance of Rare Earth Elements in the Earth’s Crust Figure 2-3 Rare Earth Element Occurrence in the Earth’s Crust (parts per million - ppm) Rare Earth Element Production Figure 2-4 Global Production of Rare Earth Oxides Table 2-1 REE Mine Production and Known Reserves by Country, 2009-2010 (tons)
  8. 8. Principal REE Deposits Figure 2-5 World Rare Earth Element Reserves by Country Rare Earth-Bearing Minerals Table 2-3 Rare Earth Element Concentration in Mineral Sources Principal Mine Locations (percent) Principal REE Deposits - China Figure 2-6 Rare Earth Mines - China Principal REE Deposits - United States Table 2-4 Principal Rare Earth Deposits, United States Figure 2-7 Principal Rare Earth Deposits, United States Principal REE Deposits - Russia Table 2-5 Principal Rare Earth Deposits, Other Countries Principal REE Deposits - India Principal REE Deposits - Other Countries Common Properties of Rare Earth Elements Light and Heavy Rare Earth Elements Table 2-6 Rare Earth Element Properties Table 2-7 Light and Heavy Rare Earth Elements Rare Earth Element Applications Table 2-8 Selected Rare Earth Element Applications Rare Earth Applications in Alternative Energy Systems Table 2-9 Rare Earth Element Use in Alternative Energy Systems Rare Earth Element Processing Figure 2-8 Rare Earth Mining Process SummaryChapter 3 Market Size and Growth Scope Market Volatility
  9. 9. Figure 3-1 Rare Earth Prices - Selected Minerals, 2005-2009 ($/kg REOequivalent)Chinese Rare Earth QuotasFigure 3-2 Chinese Rare Earth Quotas and Price Effects Metric Tons of REE,$/kg REO Equivalents, (2005-2010)China-Japan TensionsSoaring Rare Earth PricesFigure 3-3 Rare Earth Prices - Selected Light Rare Earth Elements (LREE),2005-2010 ($/kg - REO equivalent)Figure 3-4 Rare Earth Prices - Selected Heavy Rare Earth Elements (HREE),2005-2010 ($/kg - REO equivalents)Market SizeFigure 3-5 Rare Earth Production, 2005-2010 (metric tons)Figure 3-6 Rare Earth Market Size, 2005-2010 ($ billions)Market DemandFigure 3-7 Rare Earth Demand, 2005-2010 (metric tons)Figure 3-8 REE Usage by Country, 2008 (% of REE use by category within acountry)Figure 3-9 REE Usage by Category2008 (% of REEs used by countries within acategory)Rare Earth Exports/ImportsFigure 3-10 Rare Earth Imports - United States and Japan, 2005-2010 (metrictons Rare Earth Oxide-equivalent)Figure 3-11 Rare Earth Exports - United states and Japan, 2005-2010 (metrictons Rare Earth Oxide-equivalent)Rare Earth Growth FactorsFigure 3-12 Rare Earth Uses, 2010TechnologyFigure 3-13 Magnet Strengths, (MGO)Chinese DemandDefense Systems
  10. 10. Japanese DemandRecyclingFactors Inhibiting Rare Earth GrowthDevelopment CostsEnvironmental IssuesLack of ExpertiseRare Earth Element MixTable 3-1 Selected Heavy Rare Earth Element (HREE) SourcesLocationRare Earth PricesSubstitute MaterialsStrategic ReservesActs of GodMarket Growth 2011 to 2020Rare Earth Element DemandFigure 3-14 Light Rare Earth Demand, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)Figure 3-15 Heavy Rare Earth Demand, 2011-2020 (thousands of metric tons)Rare Earth Magnets - The Dysprosium ProblemFigure 3-16 Dysprosium Demand vs Production, 2011 - 2020 (metric tons)Rare Earth Element ProductionFigure 3-17 Rare Earth Element Production, 2011-2020 (thousands of metrictons)Market SizeFigure 3-18 Global Rare Earth Production (less China), 2011-2020 (thousands ofmetric tons)Figure 3-19 Rare Earth Market and Global Rare Earth Production, 2011-2020 ($billions, thousands of metric tons)Summary
  11. 11. Chapter 4 Emerging Rare Earth Developments Scope New Rare Earth Exploration and Development Greenland Table 4-1 Kvanefjeld, Greenland Rare Earth Element Concentrations Canada Table 4-2 Hoidas Lake and Nechalacho Rare Earth Deposits, Canada Africa South Africa Australia Russia and Central Asia United States Other Countries Mine Development Phases Vertically Integrated Rare Earth Supply Chains Table 4-3 Level of Development - Selected Potential Rare Earth Mines Rare Earth Alternatives Magnets Electric Vehicles Japan Magnetic Refrigeration National Defense Considerations Table 4-4 Rare Earth Uses in Military Defense Systems Government Activities Japan South Korea South Africa
  12. 12. European Union United States Minimizing Environmental Concerns Radioactive Wastes More Efficient Extraction Methods SummaryChapter 5 Competitive Profiles Scope Molycorp, Inc Agreements and Partnerships Patents, Trademarks and Licenses Mine Development Company Performance Table 5-1 Molycorp Company Information Products Significant Events Lynas Corporation Ltd Agreements and Partnerships Mine Development Company Performance Table 5-2 Lynas Company Information Significant Events Great Western Minerals Group Ltd Agreements and Partnerships Mine Development Company Performance Table 5-3 Great Western Company Information
  13. 13. Arafura Resources LtdAgreements and PartnershipsMine DevelopmentCompany PerformanceTable 5-4 Arafura Company InformationSignificant EventsAvalon Rare Metals IncMine DevelopmentCompany PerformanceTable 5-5 Avalon Company InformationSignificant EventsGreenland Minerals and Energy LtdMine DevelopmentCompany PerformanceTable 5-6 Greenland Minerals and Energy Company InformationFrontier Rare Earths LtdProspecting RightMine DevelopmentCompany PerformanceTable 5-7 Frontier Company InformationU.S Rare Earths, IncMine DevelopmentTable 5-8 Rare Earth Resource Estimates - Diamond Creek & Lemhi Pass,(Metric Tons - Rare Earth Oxide)Company PerformanceTable 5-9 U.S. Rare Earths Company InformationSpecial EventsStans Energy Corporation
  14. 14. Agreements and Partnerships Mine Development Company Performance Table 5-10 Stans Energy Company InformationAvailable immediately for Online Download athttp://www.marketresearch.com/product/display.asp?productid=6066525US: 800.298.5699UK +44.207.256.3920Intl: +1.240.747.3093Fax: 240.747.3004

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