Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini, Micro and Pico


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini, Micro and Pico

  1. 1. Get more info on this report!Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini,Micro and PicoOctober 1, 2009This research report on Hydropower Energy presents an in-depth analysis of thedevelopment, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in the development ofthe hydropower resources in the United States and around the world. Topics include thefull gamut of hydropower generation, from conventional hydropower to newer waveenergy and hydrokinetic technologies, from very large systems providing electricity tomillions of people to the smallest systems suitable for a single family. Accounting forover 70% of renewable energy today, hydropower is poised to increase growth over thenext five years, notwithstanding the emphasis currently being given to other renewableenergy sources - wind and solar in particular. The report provides a comprehensiveassessment of the current hydropower market, the environmental concerns that havelimited its development in developed countries, the potential opportunities for newdevelopment (particularly in upgrading existing dams that do not produce power), andan assessment of developing technologies that harness the power of the ocean.Projected growth through 2013 for different sized hydro systems is provided includingdiscussion of energy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumeracceptance, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growthrates. The report also profiles manufacturers and marketers of different hydrotechnologies and the strategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.Scope and MethodologyThis report includes both primary and secondary research. Secondary research datahave been obtained from government sources, trade association publications, businessjournals, and company literature. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, bothglobally and for the United States. The market size for Hydropower Energy technologiesis projected from 2009 to 2013. Demand in each of the following application areas isanalyzed in terms of overall revenue for developing hydro power: Large Hydro (10 MW or more of generating capacity) Small Hydro (1 to 10 MW of generating capacity)
  2. 2. Mini Hydro (100 KW to 1 MW of generating capacity) Micro Hydro (5 KW to 100 KW of generating capacity) Pico Hydro (less than 5 KW of generating capacity)Potential hydro power applications, buying trends, environmental issues, and energyconsiderations are also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimates and forecastsare based on government and secondary sources, and the impact of factors such asgovernment grants and incentives, environmental concerns, fuel and energy prices,economic considerations, and demand for renewable energy sources.How You Will Benefit from this ReportIf your company is involved in renewable energy, electric service, business consultingand integration of electric resources, energy planning, off-grid electric applications,general construction, or simply want to determine the myriad opportunities that existwith development of hydropower you will find this report invaluable, as it provides acomprehensive package of information and insight about conventional and ocean hydrotechnologies that are not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thoroughunderstanding of hydropower applications and markets, as well as projected marketsizes and trends through 2013.This report will help: Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for hydropower products and services. Research and Development Professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives, product applications, and demand for hydro technologies. Advertising Agencies working with clients in energy efficiency, energy service, and energy planning develop compelling messages and images to promote development of hydropower projects. Business Development Executives understand the dynamics of developing hydropower projects, identify potential partnerships, and detect new product applications. Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.Additional InformationMarket Insights: A Selection From The Report
  3. 3. Growth Drivers and InhibitorsConventional hydro growth is growing quickly in many parts of the world and somewhatslowly in the United States, Canada, and Europe. There are a number of factors thathelp or hinder hydro development but not all of them affect different size hydro projectsin the same way. The discussion that follows delineates these factors and the manner inwhich they affect the various types of conventional hydro systems that are beingdeveloped throughout the world.Factors Enhancing Hydro GrowthHydropower has many advantages over other forms of electric generation that will helpdrive growth for the foreseeable future. Perhaps most importantly, hydropower is aclean, renewable energy source that can significantly reduce the reliance on fossil fuels- coal, gas, oil - for electric generation. Hydropower emits virtually no carbon dioxide,nitrogen oxide, sulfur oxide, hydrocarbons, or particulate matter. It is also the world’slargest renewable energy source, far outstripping the generating capacity of wind, solar,and other sources of renewable energy. In addition, over 70 percent of potential hydroproducing sites are as yet unused, leaving significant room for possible growth.Hydropower is also very energy efficient, with energy conversion rates exceeding 90percent. This is almost double the efficiency of other forms of electric generatingsources which have energy conversion rates of 50 percent or less, including fossil fuelsand solar power. No other source of electricity is as efficient as hydropower.In the News Under-loved and under-funded, Hydropower Energy finds new life in TanzaniaNew York, December 13, 2010 — The planned US $2 billion, 2,100-MW Stiegler’sGorge hydropower station in Tanzania is starting to take shape. The project’s timetablehas scheduled the first of three 700-MW turbines to be installed in 2012, Reutersreports, with full project completion projected for 2015.Brazil has become a world leader in large hydropower plant construction, according tomarket research firm SBI Energy. Currently, about 80% of Brazil’s power is supplied byhydroelectric plants. With electric demand growing at 4.4 percent per year, the countrywill need to build about $40 billion of power plants by 2015.The study from SBI Energy, Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large,Small, Mini, Micro and Pico, projects hydropower growth will be influenced heavily bygovernment stimulus funds and other incentives. Although hydropower has not receivedthe attention and funding that is being afforded to wind, solar, and other renewableenergy sources, it has received more funding since 2008 than it has in preceding years.The Brazilian government is currently considering funding options for the Tanzania
  4. 4. project, including concessional loans, private investment or state financing, mediasources indicate.On August 13, 2009 Omega Energia Renovável and Hidrotérmica, both Brazilianenergy companies, signed a letter of intent with the government of Minas Gerais to build13 small hydropower plants in the state (Minas Gerais is the third largest state in Braziland the second most populous). These plants will cost about $524 million and areexpected to become operational by 2013."Hydropower is an under-loved energy source that is being rediscovered by somecountries, such as the United States, and is rapidly being developed in others, such asChina and Brazil.This renewable energy source will experience major growth over thenext five years," comments Shelley Carr, publisher of SBI Energy. "Brazil alone will seesignificant growth from the small hydropower sector, growing from 3.8 GW currently to11.5 GW in 2012."Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini, Micro and Picoprovides a comprehensive assessment of the current hydropower market, theenvironmental concerns that have limited its growth in developed countries, thepotential opportunities for new development, and the emerging technologies thatharness the power of the ocean. Market sizes and trends are projected through 2013.About SBI EnergySBI Energy, a division of MarketResearch.com, publishes research reports in theindustrial, energy, building/construction, and automotive/transportation markets.SBIEnergy also offers a full range of custom research services.In the News Hydropower Reigns as Undisputed King of Renewable EnergyNew York, November 4, 2009 - SBI Energy, a leading energy market research firm andpublisher of Ocean Energy Technologies and Components Worldwide, has releasedHydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini, Micro and Pico.The report presents an in-depth analysis of the applications, products, manufacturers,and trends in the development of hydropower resources in the United States andaround the world.During the period 2009 through 2013, hydropower in all its forms is forecast to growfaster than it has in the past five years to meet the increasing need for renewableenergy sources worldwide. The projected uptick marks a return to popularity forhydropower as the undisputed king of renewable energy boasting technologies that areproven and widely used, in addition to emerging technologies just beginning to enter themarketplace.
  5. 5. SBI Energy identifies several advantages hydropower has over other forms of electricgeneration that will help drive growth for the foreseeable future. Perhaps mostimportantly, hydropower is a clean, renewable energy source that can significantlyreduce the reliance on fossil fuels and is the world’s largest renewable energy source,far outstripping the generating capacity of wind, solar, and other sources of renewableenergy. In addition, over 70% of potential hydro producing sites around the world are asyet unused, leaving significant room for possible growth.“The future of hydropower looks brighter than it has in ten years,” says Shelley Carr,publisher of SBI Energy. “Mandates and goals for renewable energy, carbon credits andtrading, more streamlined licensing, rising fuel costs, and technical issues associatedwith other energy sources will all play a part in driving the future growth of hydropower.”Large scale hydro projects will not likely occur in the United States and other developedcountries. Instead the application of smaller scale hydro projects has been provided asubstantial impetus for further development due to the continuing demand for more andcleaner electricity. China, the world leader in small hydropower operations with aninstalled capacity of 51 GW, is expected to continue to pace the rest of the world with a47% increase in hydro electricity production by 2020. Over the next five years, Japan,the U.S., Italy, and Brazil are also expected to rank among the top producers of smallhydro energy.Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini, Micro and Picoprovides a comprehensive assessment of the current hydropower market, theenvironmental concerns that have limited its growth in developed countries, thepotential opportunities for new development, and the emerging technologies thatharness the power of the ocean. Market sizes and trends are projected through 2013.About SBI EnergySBI Energy (Specialists in Business Information), a division ofMarketResearch.com, publishes research reports in the industrial, energy,building/construction, automotive/transportation and packaging markets. SBI Energyalso offers a full range of custom research services.Table of ContentsChapter 1: Executive Summary Scope Research Methodology Hydropower Past Adverse Hydropower Impacts Hydropower Development Costs Figure 1-1: Top Hydroelectric Power Producers, 1980-2007 (terawatts) Hydropower Today
  6. 6. Table 1-1: Sources of Renewable Energy in the United States, 2002 and 2007 (percent) Demand for Electricity Figure 1-2: Sources of Electricity, U.S. and World, 2007 (percent) Water Power Potential Table 1-2: Hydropower Resource Potential, by Continent, 2002 (percent) Table 1-3: Power Potential of U.S. Water Energy Resource Sites Figure 1-3: Hydrokinetic Production Potential, United States (TWh/yr) Types of Hydropower Systems Scale of Hydropower Systems Hydropower Future Factors Driving Hydropower Growth Large Hydropower Growth Figure 1-4: Global Large Hydropower Growth, 2009-2013 (gigawatts, $ billions) Small Hydropower Growth Figure 1-5: Hydro Capacity of New Licenses Issued by FERC, 1990-2009 (KW) Figure 1-6: Small Hydropower Growth, 2009-2013 ($ billions) Very Small Hydro Growth Figure 1-7: Mini-Hydro Market Growth, 2009-2013 ($ millions) Table 1-4: Global Hydro Growth Projections, 2009-2013 ($ millions) Ocean Energy and Hydrokinetic Growth SummaryChapter 2: Hydropower Scope The Largest Renewable Energy Source Table 2-1: Sources of Renewable Energy, 2002 and 2007 (percent) Sources of Electric Power Figure 2-1: Sources of Electricity, U.S. and World, 2007 Figure 2-2: Hydro Percent of Electric Production, by State, 2007 Electricity Demand Table 2-2: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Countries Figure 2-3: Electricity Production Estimates, 2005-2030 (trillion kilowatthours) Figure 2-4: U. S. Electricity Growth Rates, 1950-2030 (percent) History of Hydropower Types of Hydropower Systems Impoundment Systems Figure 2-5: Impoundment Hydropower System Pumped Storage Systems Figure 2-6: Pumped Storage Hydropower System Run-of-River Systems Figure 2-7: Run-of-River Hydropower System Hydrokinetic Power - Ocean Wave and Current Systems Ocean Wave Energy Figure 2-8: Terminator and Oscillating Water Column (OWC) Device Figure 2-9: Overtopping Device
  7. 7. Figure 2-10: Point Absorber Devices Figure 2-11: Attenuator Device Ocean and Tidal Current Energy River Current Energy Ocean, Tidal, and River Current Turbines Figure 2-12: Ocean and River Current Axial Turbine Devices Figure 2-13: Ocean and River Current Cross-Flow Turbine Devices Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Salinity Gradient Energy Scale of Hydropower Systems Figure 2-14: Micro-Hydro Run-of-River Plant Hydropower Turbines Figure 2-15: Francis Turbine Diagram Figure 2-16: Kaplan Turbine Diagram Figure 2-17: Pelton Wheel Diagram Figure 2-18: Turgo Wheel Diagram Figure 2-19: Cross-flow Turbine Diagram Table 2-3: Water Turbine Application SummaryChapter 3: Conventional Hydro Market Size & Growth Scope Hydropower Today Figure 3-1: Top Hydroelectric Power Producing Countries, 1980-2007 (terawatts) Figure 3-2: Annual Hydropower Production, by Region, 1980-2007 (terawatts) Hydropower Potential in the United States Table 3-1: Power Potential of U.S. Water Energy Resource Sites Large Scale Hydro Growth Table 3-2: Largest Hydropower Facilities (Global) (MW of Capacity) Figure 3-3: Large Hydropower Growth (Global), 2004-2008 (gigawatts, $ billions) Figure 3-4: Large Hydropower Growth (Global), 2009-2013 (gigawatts, $ billions) Large Scale Hydro Growth in the United States Figure 3-5: New Hydropower Licenses Issued by FERC, 1990-2009 Figure 3-6: Hydro Capacity of New Licenses Issued by FERC, 1990-2009 Figure 3-7: Large Hydropower Growth in the United States, 2009-2013 ($ billions) Small Hydro Growth Figure 3-8: Small Hydropower Growth (Global), 2004-2008 (gigawatts, $ billions) Figure 3-9: Small Hydropower Growth (Global and U.S.), 2009-2013 ($ billions) Very Small Scale Hydropower Growth Table 3-3: Very Small Hydro Systems Table 3-4: Small Hydropower (SHP) Installations, by Region Table 3-5: Populations With No Access to Electricity (millions) Mini-Hydro Growth Figure 3-10: Mini-Hydro Market Growth (Global and U.S.), 2009-2013 ($ millions) Micro-Hydro Growth
  8. 8. Figure 3-11: Micro-Hydro Market Growth (Global and U.S.), 2009-2013 ($ millions) Pico-Hydro Growth Figure 3-12: Average Distributed Electric Generating Costs (300 W System) ($ per KW/hr) Figure 3-13: Pico-Hydro Growth (Global), 2009-2013 ($ millions) Growth Drivers and Inhibitors Factors Enhancing Hydro Growth Factors Inhibiting Hydro Growth Table 3-6: Fish Mortality Rates, by Injury Type SummaryChapter 4: Hydrokinetic and Ocean Hydro Market Size and Growth Scope Ocean, Wave, and Hydrokinetic Potential Figure 4-1: Annual Worldwide Average Wave Power Densities (kW/m) Figure 4-2: Hydrokinetic Production Potential, United States (TWh/yr) Ocean Energy Investments Figure 4-3: Global Investments in Ocean Energy, 2004-2008 ($ millions) Ocean Energy Production in the Years Ahead Figure 4-4: Projected Growth in Ocean Energy Generated Electricity, 2009-2013 (MW) Table 4-1: Companies With Producing Ocean Technologies (Full Scale Prototypes and Commercial Installations) Costs of Setting up an Ocean Energy Power Converter Projected World Growth in Ocean Energy, 2009-2013 The U.S. Ocean Energy Technology Market Growth in the World Wave Energy Market Figure 4-5: World Wave Energy Projects and Values, 1998-2009 ($ millions) Leading Global Wave Energy Companies Table 4-2: Wave Energy Companies with Full-Scale Prototypes U.S. Wave Energy Market Table 4-3: U.S. Geographic Locations and Potential Wave Energy Output Growth in the World Tidal/Current Energy Market Figure 4-6: World Tidal Energy Projects and Values, 2001-2009 ($ millions, number of projects) Barrage Systems U.S. Tidal Energy Market U. S. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Projects Figure 4-7: Potential Markets for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Projects Salinity Gradient Projects Factors Affecting Future Growth Factors Enhancing Growth Factors Inhibiting Growth SummaryChapter 5: Hydro Inventions and Innovations
  9. 9. Scope The Power of Water Is Everywhere Harnessing Power From Water Utilities Bucket Generator System Harnessing Water Power From The Home Hydrokinetic Innovations A Run-of-River Variant Power Barges Tailrace Water Power A Slow Current Hydro Device Recent Inventions Table 5-1: Recent U.S. Patents for Hydro Inventions, 2007-2009 Hydrokinetic Inventions Figure 5-1: Sewer Line Power Generating System Schematic Figure 5-2: Transportable Hydro-Electric Generating System With Improved Water Pressure Enhancement Feature Schematic Ocean Wave Hydropower Inventions U.S. Department of Energy Hydro Research Activities Recent Hydro Deployments Wave Energy Development Micro Hydro Development Large HydroDevelopment SummaryChapter 6: Competitive Profiles Scope Pelamis Wave Power Ltd. Overview Performance Table 6-1: Pelamis Wave Power Ltd. Product Portfolio Table 6-2: Pelamis Wave Power Ltd. Significant Developments Marine Current Turbines Ltd. Overview Company Performance Table 6-3: Marine Current Turbines Ltd. Product Portfolio Table 6-4: Marine Current Turbines Ltd. Significant Events Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company Overview Company Performance Table 6-5: Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company Product Portfolio Table 6-6: Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company Significant Events
  10. 10. Finavera Renewables Inc Overview Mergers and Acquisitions Company Performance Table 6-7: Finavera Renewables Inc Product Portfolio Table 6-8: Finavera Renewables Inc Significant Events Voith Hydro Overview Mergers and Acquisitions Company Performance Table 6-9: Voith Hydro Product Portfolio Table 6-10: Voith Hydro Significant Events Npower Renewables Ltd. Overview Company Performance Table 6-11: Npower Renewables Ltd. Product Portfolio Table 6-12: Npower Renewables Ltd. Significant Events Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd. Overview Company Performance Table 6-13: Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd. Product Portfolio Table 6-14: Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd. Hydro Green Energy LLC Overview Company Performance Table 6-15: Hydro Green Energy Product Portfolio Table 6-16: Hydro Green Energy Significant Events Rentricity Inc. Overview Company Performance Table 6-17: Rentricity Inc. Product Portfolio Table 6-18: Rentricity Inc Significant EventsAvailable immediately for Online Download at
  11. 11. http://www.marketresearch.com/product/display.asp?productid=1926640US: 800.298.5699UK + +1.240.747.3093Fax: 240.747.3004