Plato: The Republic Books VI & VII What Education Isn’t… EDUCATION ISN’ T WHAT SOME PEOPLE DECLARE IT TO BE,NAMELY, PUTTING KNOWLEDGE INTO SOULS THAT LACK IT, LIKE PUTTING SIGHT INTO BLIND EYES (P. 190)
Who was Plato?Not the myth but the man (click on the picture)
ISSUES THAT I NEED YOU TO KNOW Prior to John Dewey and the school of Progressive Education (i.e. liberal education), Plato’s model of teaching & learning dominated the America educational landscape (andprobably the world) for over 2,400 years! How, you ask? Teacher as the UNQUESTIONED authority in the classroom Students as sponges of knowledge Relentless rigor and focus on classical knowledge (Greek & Latin) Education was NOT for the masses (HOW SHOCKING!)
Book VI: The Sun Metaphor Even The Beatles were fans . . . OK, thought that was corny . . . Read from: p. 181 (really, do it now) Answer the questions on the next page . . .
Book VI: The Sun MetaphorHow is the “Sun” a How is the “Sun” a How is the “Sun” a metaphor for metaphor for metaphor for teaching? learning? education?
MY VERSION OF THE SUN . . . I WENT TO A VERY TRADITIONAL CATHOLIC HIGH SCHOOL.MY JUNIOR YEAR, I HAD AN ENGLISH TEACHER NAMED “MR.WICKE.” IN THIS VERY TRADITIONAL SCHOOL, MR.WICKIE READ TO US SOME RADICAL POETRY BY WILLIAMBLAKE, WHO SPOKE ABOUT THE ABUSES OF CHURCH & THEDANGERS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED RELIGION.I WAS IN COMPLETE SHOCK! HERE WAS A MAN IN ACATHOLIC SCHOOL SPEAKING ABOUT THE ABUSES OF THECATHOLIC (& ANGLICAN) CHURCHES. IT WAS AS IF MY MINDWAS FILLED WITH LIGHT AND I BEGAN TO SEE FOR THEFIRST TIME.
YOUR VERSION OF THE SUN . . . Write your story here (no kidding)
Four Conditions of the SoulUnderstanding This hierarchy of Plato’s is not too familiar with modern notions of “intelligence” (i.e. Bloom’s Taxonomy) Thought In fact, these 4 conditions of the soul are not representative of “cognitive” intelligence, but more of Belief a spiritual intelligence. Imagining
Four Conditions of the SoulUnderstanding how do you see these 4 conditions in your personal life? when it comes to teaching, what Thought step are you at? is it even possible to achieve “Understanding” as a new teacher? Belief what does this hierarchy have to say about the “art of teaching”? Imagining
Book VII: THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVEClick on the picture! The music is really creepy, but the explanation is effective
The Cave Allegory Answer the questions . . .Forget about for a moment if you “agree” or not with Plato’s Cave Allegory. After all, are you not becoming a “philosopher king (queen)” here at Fordham? How do teachers “enlighten” students? How do we bring students “out of the cave”? What have you learned in this class that has “brought you out of the cave”? Aren’t you like the person going back & helping others? What truth are you trying to “show” your students? Have you lived in ignorance in some way and that is why you are becoming ateacher? Do you owe something to your community? Why a teacher? Why not a banker? A stock broker? A money maker? Could it be that there is a bit of Plato in you?
More on Plato: Teachers being tested “…they must show themselves to be lovers of their city when TESTED BY PLEASURE AND PAIN and that they must hold on to their resolve through labors, fears, and other adversaries” (p. 176). What do you fear about teaching? Standardized tests, “tenure,” unsupportive administration, discipline & control, lesson plans, grading, being bad-mouthed in the news, etc…. We all KNOW the CHALLENGES, here’s a PLATONIC SOLUTION (READ ON POTENTIAL PHILOSOPHER KING)
HOW WOULD PLATO Define Teaching & Learning? How would Plato answer the essential question of this course: TO WHAT END EDUCATION?
The Statue of Liberty isPLATO IS ALL based uponAROUND YOU, IF the PlatonicYOU WOULD JUST principle ofOPEN YOUR EYES. “seeing the.. light.”
3 Philosophers; 3 different perspectives Plato Delpit Baldwin