My person returns to unwind all its threads, Woven by language into the habits of heads; An old wearied head must bow down one final eve, But my lively thought shines in cloth I helped to weave. Your gift by my leave is but some seeds yet to grow, Whose value was found in times of need long ago; Sow all of these seeds in our vast garden with care, Protect and defend the greater harvest to share.To view such swift change, see truths melt under new suns, To watch how scared souls kept on refining their guns; My nation was home despite such strife with no cease, My freedom was here while humbly searching for peace. By trial did I live, by more trial find my thought’s worth, My death you will get if you conceive no new birth; No life without doubt, for the best fail now and then, No rest for my faith, that each new day tests again. --John Shook
Objective: GSSWBAT examine thephilosophy of John Dewey as it relatesto the field of education.Guiding Question: Should education beseen as a process of self-discovery or asa means to learn communication in orderto participate in society?Who is John Dewey? Check out this link.
Points of Discussion “…my lively thought shines in • Education as Self- cloth I helped to weave” Discovery? “…seeds yet to grow” • Potential for growth of minds “To watch how scared souls kept on refining their guns” • Necessity for survival; education as a means of continuing existence “By trial did I live, by more trial find my thought’s worth” • Developing intrinsic and persisting direction
According to Philosopher John Dewey, mereschooling is not necessarily education… Education should not: Education should: … be teacher centered … be based on students’ … expect students to repeat interests information … involve active learning … rely solely on text or … integrate multiple teacher subjects ... be loosely planned as to reflect the interests of the students.
prag·ma·tism (prgm-tzm) n. This slide and the following 3, highlight key ideas from Dewey’s “Democracy 1. A practical, matter-of-fact way and Education” of approaching or assessing situations or of solving problemsDemocracy - “a belief in 2. action or policy dictated by consideration of the immediatethe ability of human practical consequences rather than by theory or dogmaexperience to generate theaims and methods by Education: “Education is a socialwhich further experience process. Education is growth.shall grow in ordered Education is, not arichness.” – John Dewey preparation for life; education is life itself.”
In order for a species to continue in being, individuals must undergo constant renewal Renewal only takes place by means of educational growth of its “immature members” Education is to Social Life, what reproduction and nutrition is to physiological life Food for Thought: Dewey’s use of the word “savage” on Education, thus, is learning how to page 2-3 and elsewhere in the reading may raise some controversy. The communicate to society philosopher argues that education should be the means through which Dewey argues that splitting “immature members” acquire socially- communication between “in- appropriate communication. Yet how is school” and “out-of-school” is social communication deemed DANGEROUS! appropriate, and who determines its “appropriateness”?
Individuals can not function without “proper realization” of others Social environments form mental and VS emotional dispositions of behavior in individuals by engaging them in appropriate social functions The only way to control the kind of Teacher- education the immature receive is by centered? controlling the environment Or Student- We never educate directly, but indirectly centered? by means of environment Education, and thus continuous and progressive life cannot take place Food for Thought: How does directly Dewey’s theory on controlling the Therefore students must engage in environment compare to Plato’s theory on activities in an appropriate environment gaining education by “seeing the light”?
The “immature” have to be corrected and guided We must do so indirectly, emotionally or intellectually NOT directly or personally It should be a goal of education to develop intrinsic and persisting direction in the right way by forming mental dispositions The business of education, thus, is to achieve internal control Students must “take part” in their environments to “acquire social sense of their own powers”
Read the article attached to the link below and complete the Venn- Diagram which follows. VERY INTERESTING ARTICLE COMPARING DEWEY AND PLATO Dewey PlatoAppreciative of the diversity Faithful to the process of inquiry and questioningof individuals