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English Colonies are
Created
1607-1733
Goals for Learning
O To describe how the Jamestown colony
became a successful settlement
O To Identify the Pilgrims and the Puritans and
where they settled
O To explain how each English Colony came
into being
O To describe what life was like in colonial times
O To recognize which colonies made up the
New England, middle, and southern regions
Establishing the Jamestown
Colony
Section 1
Introduction
O English arrived in Virginia in April 1607
O They established Jamestown in May 1607
How did Conditions at
Jamestown improve?
O There needed to be changes made
quickly if there was going to be success
How did Conditions at
Jamestown improve?
O The colony struggled when Smith left
O They actually abandoned the colony
and tried to go home
O until more ships arrived with more people
and supplies in 1610
What happened when the
Settlers Returned?
O There were three important events
O Lord Delaware was made governor
O Governor is a person chosen to lead a group of
people within a given area, such as a colony or
a state
O He was a strong leader
O John Rolfe planted tobacco
O Jamestown now had a crop that was valuable
O John Rolfe married Pocahontas
O She was a daughter of Powhatan
O This improved the relationship with the tribe
What happened when the
Settlers Returned?
O Tobacco
O It became very popular in Europe
O People wanted more, so more land was
needed
O Colonists built plantations- large farms
that grow huge amounts of a certain
crop
What happened when the
Settlers Returned?
O General Assembly was created in 1619
O General assembly was a group that
makes laws for a larger group
O The Settlers would choose their own
representatives
O A person who is given power to act for
others; a government with officials elected by
the people
What happened when the
Settlers Returned?
O People were getting rich and were
wanting to leave
O The Virginia company brought 20
women over to marry and settle
O Slaves were also brought from Africa
The Pilgrims and the
Puritans
Section 2
Introduction
O Stock Companies helped with New World
Colonization
O Stock Company is a company that is owned by
people who own the company's stock.
O People owned shares- a certificate bough from a stock
company that represents a certain part of ownership of
the company
O The Companies are interested in trade and profit. The
rewarded investors for the risks involved in settling a
new Colony
O Investor- a person who lends money to a company; the
investor hopes to receive more money back when the
company makes money
Introduction
O The Plymouth Company was a stock
company
O There was a charter that granted the
company rights to settle in Virginia
O But the actually settled in New England
O It was a failure because of poor
planning and the winter
Who were the Pilgrims?
The Pilgrims
O They were people who had different
religious ideas then King James I of
England.
O They wanted to get away and flee
because they were being treated
differently
O It was expensive though
The Pilgrims
O The Pilgrims Plan
O They formed a stock company and bought as
many shares as they could
O They partnered with the London Company who
was more established
O They made a deal
O The Pilgrims could settle on the land that belonged to
the London Company in Virginia
O They would have to work seven years and give all profits to
the Company
O Then they were free to do as they please
The Pilgrims
O The Pilgrims Plan
O The Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower
but their ship was blown off course
O In 1620 they reached the shores of Cape
Cod
O Founded a site called Plymouth
The Mayflower Compact
O They reached their destination (a place where one
is going)
O They were not bound to the charter this far
North
O Elected a leader named John Carver
O He died and William Bradford was elected
O They would choose their leaders
O Laws were now going to be passed by the
majority of the people
O Majority is a number greater than half the total
The Mayflower Compact
O Rule of the majority
O It is still part of our democratic government
O It is a government which the power is held by the
people
O It was not able to solve all their problems
O Poor soil
O Cold winters
O Heavy debt
O Strict religion
O Plymouth had difficulty attracting new settler
The Puritans
O They were a religious group like the
Pilgrims
O They were unhappy with the king (King
Charles I) treated them
O He did not approve of them and their
religion
O They were even part of Parliament- a
group of people in England that make
laws
O They were well educated
The Puritans
O They decided to go to America
O They obtained a charter in the name of
Massachusetts Bay
O The Colonists (1000) included teachers,
doctors, lawyers, ministers, merchants,
and gentlemen
O They had great planning
O Gathered provisions- supplies needed
for a trip or voyage
The Puritans
O Came to America with 15 ships
O Within a few years, 10,000 colonists
followed them
O They believed in religious freedom but
only for themselves
O All laws, dealing with religion, trade,
business and government were made
by their beliefs
O Everyone else was expected to obey
The English Colonies Grow
Lesson 3
Introduction
O Charles I
O He was the king of England and started
other colonies
O Boundaries
O A real or imaginary marker that shows what
land a person has
O Under Charles, Nobles and landowners
could receive this
O Proprietor
O One who owns a colony
Introduction
O George Calvert
O Proprietor of Maryland colony in 1632
O Died before he was able to get the charter
O Cecilius Calvert received it and
established the Colony
O Wanted religious groups to worship as they
chose and did not make a state religion
O Established equality (having the same rights
as others) for all religions
O This happened in the Toleration Act of 1649
Rhode Island
O Roger Williams
O He was a member of the puritan clergy
O Clergy is a person given power by the
church to perform religious tasks
O He fled the puritans
O He established Providence
O In 1636 he went to England to get a
charter to protect it
O Had Freedom of Religion
Connecticut
O Thomas Hooker
O He was a pastor (a member of the
clergy)
O He led a group to Connecticut Valley
O He started a settlement in Connecticut
in 1636
O The people wrote the first constitution
Carolina
O Established by several English nobles
O They approached the king and were
granted a charter
O In Carolina, it was a warmer climate and
you could grow different crops
O There were many quarrels among the
nobility, the proprietors ended up selling
the land to England which split up the
area into north and south
New York
O The original name was New Netherland
O Began as a Dutch colony in 1609
O Grew slow because of their strict land owning
policy
O Policy is a set of rules or an action plan
set forth by a person or group
O The land was owned by patrons - a dutch
land owner
O England wanted the land and took it over
O In 1664 it was renamed New York
New Hampshire
O It was part of Massachusetts for 39 years
O It was sold to the King of England in
1675
O It was a royal colony
O Did not have an elected government
Pennsylvania
O William Penn
O He was a Quaker
O Believed in equality of all people
O Gave people rights to freedom of
religion and right to elect public officials
O He was given this charted because the
King of England owed his father money.
Delaware
O In 1682 Duke of York granted William
Penn the territory that would be known as
Delaware
O It was part of Pennsylvania though
O It gave Pennsylvania access (the ability to
obtain or make use of something) to the
Atlantic Ocean
O It eventually became the separate colony
of Delaware in 1704
New Jersey
O This was originally part of the land
claimed by the Duke of York
O Two friends of the Duke were interested in
this area and it was split between them
O East and West Jersey
O Eventually they came together in 1702
and was known as New Jersey
Georgia
O History
O Prisons were overcrowded in England
under George II rule
O James Oglethorpe
O Asked for a colony where the poor and
unfortunate could settle when they left
prison
O He was given a charter for land between
South Carolina and Florida
O Established in 1733
O Purpose of the Colony
O To be a buffer against the Spanish
English Colonies are Created

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English Colonies are Created

  • 2. Goals for Learning O To describe how the Jamestown colony became a successful settlement O To Identify the Pilgrims and the Puritans and where they settled O To explain how each English Colony came into being O To describe what life was like in colonial times O To recognize which colonies made up the New England, middle, and southern regions
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Introduction O English arrived in Virginia in April 1607 O They established Jamestown in May 1607
  • 8. How did Conditions at Jamestown improve? O There needed to be changes made quickly if there was going to be success
  • 9.
  • 10. How did Conditions at Jamestown improve? O The colony struggled when Smith left O They actually abandoned the colony and tried to go home O until more ships arrived with more people and supplies in 1610
  • 11. What happened when the Settlers Returned? O There were three important events O Lord Delaware was made governor O Governor is a person chosen to lead a group of people within a given area, such as a colony or a state O He was a strong leader O John Rolfe planted tobacco O Jamestown now had a crop that was valuable O John Rolfe married Pocahontas O She was a daughter of Powhatan O This improved the relationship with the tribe
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. What happened when the Settlers Returned? O Tobacco O It became very popular in Europe O People wanted more, so more land was needed O Colonists built plantations- large farms that grow huge amounts of a certain crop
  • 16. What happened when the Settlers Returned? O General Assembly was created in 1619 O General assembly was a group that makes laws for a larger group O The Settlers would choose their own representatives O A person who is given power to act for others; a government with officials elected by the people
  • 17. What happened when the Settlers Returned? O People were getting rich and were wanting to leave O The Virginia company brought 20 women over to marry and settle O Slaves were also brought from Africa
  • 18. The Pilgrims and the Puritans Section 2
  • 19. Introduction O Stock Companies helped with New World Colonization O Stock Company is a company that is owned by people who own the company's stock. O People owned shares- a certificate bough from a stock company that represents a certain part of ownership of the company O The Companies are interested in trade and profit. The rewarded investors for the risks involved in settling a new Colony O Investor- a person who lends money to a company; the investor hopes to receive more money back when the company makes money
  • 20. Introduction O The Plymouth Company was a stock company O There was a charter that granted the company rights to settle in Virginia O But the actually settled in New England O It was a failure because of poor planning and the winter
  • 21. Who were the Pilgrims?
  • 22. The Pilgrims O They were people who had different religious ideas then King James I of England. O They wanted to get away and flee because they were being treated differently O It was expensive though
  • 23. The Pilgrims O The Pilgrims Plan O They formed a stock company and bought as many shares as they could O They partnered with the London Company who was more established O They made a deal O The Pilgrims could settle on the land that belonged to the London Company in Virginia O They would have to work seven years and give all profits to the Company O Then they were free to do as they please
  • 24. The Pilgrims O The Pilgrims Plan O The Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower but their ship was blown off course O In 1620 they reached the shores of Cape Cod O Founded a site called Plymouth
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  • 28. The Mayflower Compact O They reached their destination (a place where one is going) O They were not bound to the charter this far North O Elected a leader named John Carver O He died and William Bradford was elected O They would choose their leaders O Laws were now going to be passed by the majority of the people O Majority is a number greater than half the total
  • 29. The Mayflower Compact O Rule of the majority O It is still part of our democratic government O It is a government which the power is held by the people O It was not able to solve all their problems O Poor soil O Cold winters O Heavy debt O Strict religion O Plymouth had difficulty attracting new settler
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  • 31. The Puritans O They were a religious group like the Pilgrims O They were unhappy with the king (King Charles I) treated them O He did not approve of them and their religion O They were even part of Parliament- a group of people in England that make laws O They were well educated
  • 32. The Puritans O They decided to go to America O They obtained a charter in the name of Massachusetts Bay O The Colonists (1000) included teachers, doctors, lawyers, ministers, merchants, and gentlemen O They had great planning O Gathered provisions- supplies needed for a trip or voyage
  • 33. The Puritans O Came to America with 15 ships O Within a few years, 10,000 colonists followed them O They believed in religious freedom but only for themselves O All laws, dealing with religion, trade, business and government were made by their beliefs O Everyone else was expected to obey
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  • 35. The English Colonies Grow Lesson 3
  • 36. Introduction O Charles I O He was the king of England and started other colonies O Boundaries O A real or imaginary marker that shows what land a person has O Under Charles, Nobles and landowners could receive this O Proprietor O One who owns a colony
  • 37. Introduction O George Calvert O Proprietor of Maryland colony in 1632 O Died before he was able to get the charter O Cecilius Calvert received it and established the Colony O Wanted religious groups to worship as they chose and did not make a state religion O Established equality (having the same rights as others) for all religions O This happened in the Toleration Act of 1649
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  • 42. Rhode Island O Roger Williams O He was a member of the puritan clergy O Clergy is a person given power by the church to perform religious tasks O He fled the puritans O He established Providence O In 1636 he went to England to get a charter to protect it O Had Freedom of Religion
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  • 44. Connecticut O Thomas Hooker O He was a pastor (a member of the clergy) O He led a group to Connecticut Valley O He started a settlement in Connecticut in 1636 O The people wrote the first constitution
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  • 46. Carolina O Established by several English nobles O They approached the king and were granted a charter O In Carolina, it was a warmer climate and you could grow different crops O There were many quarrels among the nobility, the proprietors ended up selling the land to England which split up the area into north and south
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  • 48. New York O The original name was New Netherland O Began as a Dutch colony in 1609 O Grew slow because of their strict land owning policy O Policy is a set of rules or an action plan set forth by a person or group O The land was owned by patrons - a dutch land owner O England wanted the land and took it over O In 1664 it was renamed New York
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  • 50. New Hampshire O It was part of Massachusetts for 39 years O It was sold to the King of England in 1675 O It was a royal colony O Did not have an elected government
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  • 52. Pennsylvania O William Penn O He was a Quaker O Believed in equality of all people O Gave people rights to freedom of religion and right to elect public officials O He was given this charted because the King of England owed his father money.
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  • 54. Delaware O In 1682 Duke of York granted William Penn the territory that would be known as Delaware O It was part of Pennsylvania though O It gave Pennsylvania access (the ability to obtain or make use of something) to the Atlantic Ocean O It eventually became the separate colony of Delaware in 1704
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  • 56. New Jersey O This was originally part of the land claimed by the Duke of York O Two friends of the Duke were interested in this area and it was split between them O East and West Jersey O Eventually they came together in 1702 and was known as New Jersey
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  • 58. Georgia O History O Prisons were overcrowded in England under George II rule O James Oglethorpe O Asked for a colony where the poor and unfortunate could settle when they left prison O He was given a charter for land between South Carolina and Florida O Established in 1733 O Purpose of the Colony O To be a buffer against the Spanish