Organic vs. Non-Organic Fabric Can environmental and heath problems be caused by what we wear? By: Rachel Summerlin
Different fabrics impact theenvironment in different ways: Polyester Manufacturing emits nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas, 310 times more potent than carbon dioxide Uses large amounts of water to cool which can cause contamination of water sources Energy hungry process Non-biodegradable Made from petrochemicals
Fabrics Continued: Rayon (a type of silk) -- Made from wood pulp Seems like a more sustainable option but forests are often cleared and/or subsistence farmers are displaced to make way for pulpwood plantations. Treated with hazardous chemicals Hawaiian Shirts
Cotton:Most pesticide intensive crop In the world Uses Herbicides also Kills and injures many people per year Remains in fabric after finishing production Natural Selection Takes up large portion of agricultural land Which people could of used for food
Cotton cont. Development of genetically modified cotton Organic cotton It can take almost a 1/3 pound of synthetic fertilizers to grow one pound of raw cotton in the US it takes just under one pound of raw cotton to make one t-shirt
Manufacturing processes: Poly Cottons Like “permanent press cotton”, “easy care”, and “crease resistant" Cottons Are treated with formaldehyde A type of chemical that can pollute the rivers and streams
Dyeing Fabrics: Dye can often wash out of garments, and can end up coloring the rivers, as treatment plants fail to remove them from the water. Dye fixatives – often heavy metals – also end up in sewers and then rivers.
The Benefits of Organic : Reduces the overall exposure to toxic chemicals that can end up in the: ground air Water food supply Helps protect against the health consequences from asthma to cancer The U.S. and Turkey are the worlds largest organic cotton producers.
Organic Cotton Uses natural fertilizers, like compost and animal manure, that recycles the nitrogen already in the soil rather than adding more, which reduces both pollution and N2O emissions
What does “Organic” really mean? Definition: ‘Organic’ is a labeling term that refers to agricultural products produced in accordance with Organic Foods Production Act and the NOP Regulations. The principal guidelines for organic production are to use materials and practices that enhance the ecological balance of natural systems and that integrate the parts of the farming system into an ecological whole. Organic agriculture practices cannot ensure that products are completely free of residues; however, methods are used to minimize pollution from air, soil and water.
Health problems from pesticides: Worldwide: http://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=nlSQevNPBd4&feature= relmfu http://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=mz- yuGFiPpg&feature=relmfu
Pesticides and Human Health : In California, five of the top nine pesticides used on cotton are cancer-causing chemicals In Egypt, more than 50 percent of cotton workers in the 1990s suffered symptoms of chronic pesticide poisoning The World Health Organization estimates that at least three million people are poisoned by pesticides every year and 20-40,000 more are killed.
Health effects: Fetuses, (pre-birth babies), may suffer from exposure and exhibit behavioral problems Lower cognitive scores, fewer nerve cells and lower birth weight A lower resistance to the toxic effects of pesticides A greater risk (70% increase), for Parkinsons disease, even with low levels of pesticides Can remain in lever and build up over time High exposure can be fatal
What we can do to help• Choose organic clothes Be sure to ask companies offering organic cotton if they have organic production standards in place to keep all chemicals out of their clothes Look for other organic cotton products Support the greenest businesses offering organic cotton Promote the use of organic pesticides and/or the removal of them all together
Fair Trade A way to give their producers of organic products a safer and healthier environment to live in. A clean way to create “white gold” Creates a clean environment without hazardous pesticides
Fair Trade continued… Alternative to poverty in third world countries Allows farmers to reap the benefits of the organic cotton with a bigger portion of the cost of the product.
Economic differences: Normal: Organic: Amount of conventional Yearly produced amount of cotton produced per year: 25 organic cotton: 25,000 tons million tons Takes longer to produce Uses lots of pesticides and because of organic licensing herbicides in tons per year periods are limited Production year round based Loss of crops to some pests on mutations in crops More expensive that traditional Less expensive to produce cotton because of labor/transport
Conclusion Organic cotton will help our environment in the future and even today Clean production of cotton makes a better living environment for farmers and communities. Health bonuses Economical increase through fair trade Fewer pesticides in the run off and fields
Expected Learning Outcomes Discuss the environmental impacts of the organic industries Discuss the environmental impacts of non organic fibers In production today Discuss the role of Fair Trade and the impact it has on those developing nations Be able to discuss the health concerns surrounding pesticides from cotton production
Work Cited: Organic Cotton USA: http://www.organic-cotton.us/ Cottonique: file:///Users/rachelsummerlin/Desktop/The%20Health%20and%20Environmental%20Problems%20with%20Clothes%20Dyes%20%7C %20Cottonique%20-%20Your%20source%20for%20Allergy-free%20.webarchive Green Choices: file:///Users/rachelsummerlin/Desktop/Green%20Choices%20-%20Environmental%20impacts%20of%20clothing.webarchive Global Health Center: http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/effects-of-pesticides/effects-of-pesticides Organic Trade Assoication: http://www.ota.com/organic/environment/cotton_environment.html Global Healing Center: http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/effects-of-pesticides/effects-of-pesticides Divine Caroline: http://www.divinecaroline.com/22354/82760-cotton-production-clothes-aren-t-clean#ixzz1dpCk8xjH
Extra Info: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qHZR5SyA- CQ&feature=relmfu