Medical wastes evelynn hoang.

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Medical wastes evelynn hoang.

  1. 1. MEDICAL WASTESEvelynn HoangEVHM 3305-H01
  2. 2. Medical Wastes Definition: all waste materials generated at health care facilities, medical research facilities, and laboratories. (EPA) Medical Waste Tracking Act of 1988
  3. 3. Examples
  4. 4. Medical Waste Tracking Act of1988 1988: Medical wastes washed up on several East Coast beaches  Congress enacted Medical Waste Tracking Act (MWTA) of 1988:  Defined medical waste and established which medical wastes would be subject to program regulations  cradle-to-grave tracking system.  management standards for segregation, packaging, labeling and marking, and storage of the medical waste.  record keeping requirements and penalties
  5. 5. Disposal Identification Management Disposal General Noninfectious Waste Potentially Infectious Waste Hazardous, Chemical, Radioac tive Wastes
  6. 6. Safe disposal programs Drop Box or Supervised Collection Sites Mail-Back Programs Syringe Exchange Programs (SEP) At-Home Needle Destruction Devices
  7. 7. Risks associated with wastedisposal Water contamination Occupational risks Environmental risks Pollutants Carcinogens  Dioxins  Furans Other harmful chemicals
  8. 8. Occupational and public healthrisks sharps are considered as one of the most dangerous category of waste. Many injuries occur because syringe needles or other sharps have not been collected in safety boxes or because these have been overfilled.
  9. 9. Incineration regulation Over 90% of potentially infectious medical waste is incinerated
  10. 10. Alternatives to incineration EPA’s new medical waste incinerator standards hard and expensive to comply with  new waste disposal techniques Alternatives:  Thermal treatment  Steam sterilization  Electropyrolysis  Chemical mechanical systems, among others
  11. 11. Reduction of medical wastepollution 2009: EPA passed new rule that mandates:  reduction in the amount of mercury that can be released from incinerators  Enhanced testing of small, rural, medical waste incinerators, resulting in better enforcement in rural communities  reductions in dioxins, lead and other major pollutants
  12. 12. Waste Management Considerations for2009 H1N1 Flu magnitude of the pandemic resulted in an increased awareness of waste management considerations associated with the virus overall waste management approach similar to other flu-related waste
  13. 13. Works Cited http://earthjustice.org/news/press/2009/new- epa-rule-will-cut-medical-waste-pollution http://www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/industrial/med ical/index.htm http://www.healthcarewaste.org/en/115_overvi ew.html http://www.pollutionissues.com/Li-Na/Medical- Waste.html#b http://www.tceq.texas.gov/permitting/waste_pe rmits/msw_permits/mw_disposal.html

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