* The Argentine Republic, or Argentina, is a sparsely

populated country on the continent of South
America, with a populat...
* Argentina is a country of abundant natural

resources, is a member of the G-15 and G-20
major economies and has one of t...
* A century ago, Argentina was one of the richest
countries in the world, thanks largely to its
natural resources. However...
*Among the mineral resources present in the

country, the most important include lead, zinc, tin,
copper, iron ore, mangan...
*The majority of mining in Argentina is open pit

mining, with only two underground mines currently
open. This is partly d...
* In 2010, according to the USGS, 16% of the

country’s economy was accounted for by the
mining sector.
* The major industrial mineral produced in

Argentina is Lithium. The lithium is found in
solutions, or brines, that are e...
* These brines are also rich in boron and

potassium. Lithium is extremely important in
the car manufacturing industry and...
* Important metals found in Argentina are copper,

gold, silver, and zinc. The region of Argentina
adjacent to the Andes i...
*Agriculture
* Agriculture is one of the bases of Argentina's
economy.

* Argentine agriculture is relatively capital

intensive, today...
* One fourth of Argentine exports of about US$86
billion in 2011 were composed of unprocessed
agricultural primary goods, ...
* On the international front, Argentina enjoys

good relations with most of the countries in the
region, particularly Braz...
* Argentina has a strong tradition in advancing

public education and health. Currently 6% of
the GDP is invested in educa...
* in recent years, the country has experienced a

record growth of its national industry, in
particular automobile, textil...
* Currently, 7.7% of the territory is under

protected areas. There are 36 national parks
and 400 provincial natural reser...
* Following a sharp slowdown in 2012, the

economy is recovering this year. Consecutive
years of rapid and pro-poor econom...
Argentina Sustainable Development
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Argentina Sustainable Development

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Econimic Stability

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Argentina Sustainable Development

  1. 1. * The Argentine Republic, or Argentina, is a sparsely populated country on the continent of South America, with a population of 40.6 million. It is the 8th largest country in the world, with an area of 2.8 million sq km which covers most of the southern half of South America. Due to its length of almost 4000km, the country is one of climatic extremes, ranging from the rainforest-covered tropics of the north, to the sub-Antarctic conditions in the south.
  2. 2. * Argentina is a country of abundant natural resources, is a member of the G-15 and G-20 major economies and has one of the strongest economies in Latin America * Yet Argentina has had a tumultuous economic history, with a recent economic collapse in 2001 that many of the population are still trying to recover from. *
  3. 3. * A century ago, Argentina was one of the richest countries in the world, thanks largely to its natural resources. However, political and economic turmoil have dogged the nation over the last 100 years, making it difficult for the country to retain its place as an economic super power. *
  4. 4. *Among the mineral resources present in the country, the most important include lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium and lithium. *As a recognized ‘middle power’ with a ‘very high’ human development index rating, Argentina has a stable government and has secure mining policies and legislation in place. A recent development is the law passed in 2010, which forbids mining in and around the large glaciers in the south of the country, which is a forward-thinking move towards sustainability. A tax on the export of copper, gold and silver is also in place.
  5. 5. *The majority of mining in Argentina is open pit mining, with only two underground mines currently open. This is partly due to the lack of contractible drilling companies in Argentina. *In addition to traditional mining products, Argentina produces more biofuel than any other country and is ranked 3rd in the world as an exporter of biofuel.
  6. 6. * In 2010, according to the USGS, 16% of the country’s economy was accounted for by the mining sector.
  7. 7. * The major industrial mineral produced in Argentina is Lithium. The lithium is found in solutions, or brines, that are extracted via aquifers. It is estimated that Argentina contains more than 80% of the world’s reserves of lithium brine just in the Puna Plateau in the northwest. *
  8. 8. * These brines are also rich in boron and potassium. Lithium is extremely important in the car manufacturing industry and due to this there has been a large increase in lithium exploration in the country. In 2010, Argentina was estimated to be the 4th highest producer of lithium in the world. *
  9. 9. * Important metals found in Argentina are copper, gold, silver, and zinc. The region of Argentina adjacent to the Andes is possibly one of the most metal-rich areas in the world. * 3 of the 4 most important mining projects in Argentina are involved in the mining of copper, gold and silver. The Bajo de la Alumbrera mine, owned by Minera Alumbrera S.A., produces copper and gold. The mine produced approximately 25million metric tons of copper ore in 2010. *
  10. 10. *Agriculture
  11. 11. * Agriculture is one of the bases of Argentina's economy. * Argentine agriculture is relatively capital intensive, today providing about 7% of all employment, and even during its period of dominance around 1900, accounting for no more than a third of all labor. *
  12. 12. * One fourth of Argentine exports of about US$86 billion in 2011 were composed of unprocessed agricultural primary goods, mainly soybeans, wheat and maize. A further one third were composed of processed agricultural products, such as animal feed, flour and vegetable oils. *
  13. 13. * On the international front, Argentina enjoys good relations with most of the countries in the region, particularly Brazil and Venezuela. The country also has a leading role in advocating the region's policy stance, as it represents Latin America at the G-20, jointly with Mexico and Brazil. *
  14. 14. * Argentina has a strong tradition in advancing public education and health. Currently 6% of the GDP is invested in education and culture, and 9.5% of the GDP is invested in health services. *
  15. 15. * in recent years, the country has experienced a record growth of its national industry, in particular automobile, textile and power. The main commodities exported are wheat, soy pellets and meal, soybeans, crude oil, gasoline, and meat. The opening up of China's markets has been a boost to support exports. *
  16. 16. * Currently, 7.7% of the territory is under protected areas. There are 36 national parks and 400 provincial natural reserves. In the last 7 years, national protected areas increased by 24% and recently new marine reserves have been created. In 2009, the National Administration regulated the Forest Law, which aims to preserve the conservation of native forests. As part of its commitment to the environment, the Matanza-Riachuelo basin, one of the most polluted in South America, is being cleaned. *
  17. 17. * Following a sharp slowdown in 2012, the economy is recovering this year. Consecutive years of rapid and pro-poor economic growth enabled poverty and unemployment to be cut to levels experienced prior to the country's 2001-2002 economic crisis. President Cristina Fernández seeks to support economic growth and stability after 10 years of continued GDP increase. *

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