Etmaal 2014 presentation: on the effects of opinionated news

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Etmaal 2014 presentation: on the effects of opinionated news

  1. 1. Political Communication #5 Mark Boukes, et al.: Assessing the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Opinionated News: How Opinionated News Affects Political Attitudes Ruud Wouters: Do Targets React and Third Parties Comment? Responsiveness and Scope Expansion in Television News Reports of Protest Demonstrations Sophie Lecheler et al.: Political News Framing on Effect Strength and Persistence Bjorn Burscher et al.: Automatic Coding of Policy Issues in News Articles and Parliamentary Questions: An SML-Approach
  2. 2. Assessing the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Opinionated News: How Opinionated News Affects Political Attitudes Mark Boukes Hajo G. Boomgaarden Marjolein Moorman Claes H. De Vreese Etmaal van de Communicatiewetenschap 2014 4th February 2014, Wageningen
  3. 3. Opinionated “news”  Not follow essential journalistic standards: - objectivity, fairness, and accuracy 3
  4. 4. Research Question and Theory  How does opinionated news affect citizens’ political attitudes?  Theory: Presumed influence Relative Hostile Media Phenomenom  Are these consequential for politically relevant variables? 4
  5. 5. Hypothesis 1: The influence of Presumed influence 5 Presumed influence Perceived opinion climate H1a H1b H1c Attitude Objective news versus Opinionated news
  6. 6. Hypothesis 2: The influence of bias perceptions 6 Political preference: Left vs. Right Anger Perceived bias H2a H2b H2c Attitude Objective news versus Opinionated news
  7. 7. Method  Experiment: randomized exposure to a TV news item  2 x 2 design 4 conditions:  Adult sample recruited via Panelclix. 7 Opinionated PowNews (n = 61) Objective NOS (n = 59) Opinionated NOS (n = 61) Objective PowNews (n = 60)
  8. 8. Stimuli  Topic: widening of the highway A27 -Broadcasted by NOS and PowNews -Clear debate structure with advocates and opponents •Video creation: - Original NOS item used as basis - 2 recorded voice-overs: neutral vs. opinionated - 2 source cues: NOS vs. PowNews 8
  9. 9. Example 9
  10. 10. Partially latent structural regression model χ2(59) = 75.55, p = .072, CFI = .99; SRMR = .05, RMSEA = .04, 90% CI [.00, .06]. 10
  11. 11. 11 Presumed influence Perceived opinion climate Attitude toward highway widening Objective NOS versus Opinionated PowNews Objective PowNews versus Opinionated PowNews Objective NOS versus Opinionated NOS + + + + + Results: Hypothesis 1
  12. 12. Results: Hypothesis 2 12 Political preference: Left vs. Right Perceived bias Objective NOS versus Opinionated PowNews Objective PowNews versus Opinionated PowNews Objective NOS versus Opinionated NOS + + + - - -
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. Results: Hypothesis 2 14 Results: Hypothesis 2 14 Political preference: Left vs. Right Anger Perceived bias Attitude toward highway widening Objective NOS versus Opinionated PowNews Objective PowNews versus Opinionated PowNews Objective NOS versus Opinionated NOS + + + - - - + –
  15. 15. Conclusion  2 mechanisms: one cognitive, one affective.  Salience of a topic may influence strength of indirect effects - Low salience: Follow perceptions of the perceived majority - High salience: Likely to evoke hostile media perceptions  Normal conditions: - Selective exposure ≠> hostile media perception  Positive indirect effect - People also watch ideologically incongruent news, so hostile media effect will still occur. 15
  16. 16. Questions / Remarks? Assessing the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Opinionated News: How Opinionated News Affects Political Attitudes Boukes, M. Boomgaarden, H. G. Moorman, M. de Vreese, C. H. Contact: m.boukes@uva.nl

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