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4 Blandine Landau Lucas Giles The Brummer Gallery

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Dra. Blandine Landau, Curator of the Musée des Emaux et Faïences de Longwy and Lucas Giles, Duke University

The Brummer Gallery: Buying and Selling Medieval Sculpture in New York 1924-1947

Collecting Medieval Sculpture - Ards Study Day Paris
November 23rd-24th
Musée du Louve – Paris

www.ards.be

Published in: Art & Photos
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4 Blandine Landau Lucas Giles The Brummer Gallery

  1. 1. 4th Annual Study Day Medieval Sculpture: Collecting Medieval Sculpture The Brummer Gallery: Buying and Selling Medieval Sculpture in New York 1914-1947 Blandine Landau, Conservateur du Patrimoine, PhD. Candidate, Duke University – Université Lumière – Lyon 2 Lucas Giles, Duke University Paris, November 24th 2017
  2. 2. 1.a. Who were the Brummer brothers? Picture of Ernest Brummer, undated Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York. Picture of Joseph Brummer on his French Identity Card, 1920 Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York. Picture of Imre Brummer in Cairo, 1913 Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York.
  3. 3. Joseph’s first years in Paris “Brummer bought what he could, sold in order to buy more, and finally, when the impulse to own works of art had gained ascendancy over the need to create them, he took the plunge and became a dealer.” Walter Pach, Queer Thing, Painting: Forty Years in the World of Art, New York, 1938 Henri Rousseau, Portrait of Joseph Brummer, 1909, National Gallery, London Outside view of the Académie Colarossi, known as the « Grande Chaumière », Wikipiedia. Class at the Académie Colarossi, ca. 1901. Picture of the Académie Matisse with Henri Matisse and his students, 1909, Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo. Joseph Brummer might be the man standing in front of the window on the right.
  4. 4. Picture of Ernest Brummer, undated Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York. Picture of Joseph Brummer on his French Identity Card, 1920 Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York. Picture of Imre Brummer in Cairo, 1913 Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York.
  5. 5. 1.b. The Paris store Location of the Paris store
  6. 6. In August 1912 the Brummer gallery participates to the Internationale Kunstausstellung des Sonderbundes in Cologne and sells modern pieces. Cover of the catalogue and view of one of the rooms, 1912, Rheinisches Bildarchiv, Cologne. In February the Brummer gallery buys a 17th century painting by J.B. Peeters at the Haro sale. In July the Brummer gallery sells modern pieces to Russian collector Sergeï Chtchoukine. In August the gallery hires an English teacher. In November the gallery buys a « statue gotique en piere » with Antique dealer Brimo. Pictures of the Livre de Caisse, 1912 Brummer Gallery Archive, The Cloisters Library, New York.
  7. 7. Graph showing the activity of the Paris store compared to the New York store (focusing on Medieval pieces) Observations: - The Paris store buys and sells a lot in its early years, probably pieces of low value among which very few items identified as Medieval. - In New York the trade of Medieval pieces follows the general trend, at least regarding the quantity of items: it occupies a larger share of the activity than it did in Paris. The share in the budget remains to be seen.
  8. 8. 1.c. The Market in New York “One of the most significant developments in the art market after 1900 was the role played by American collectors and the dealers who supplied them with works of art.” Encyclopedia Britannica Picture of Joseph Brummer’s American passeport, 1925 Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York.
  9. 9. Main Art Galleries in Manhattan in 1914 : location and type of art they sold. C. Diercke Einzelkarte, New York und Umgegend, 1914 Duveen: 56th Street/5th Avenue Ehrich: 707 5th Avenue Kleinberger: 709 5th Avenue Wildenstein: 647 5th Avenue Knoedler: 556 5th Avenue Durand-Ruel: 12 E 57th Street Seligmann: 705 5th Avenue Kraushaar: 260 5th Avenue Bourgeois:668 5th Avenue Macbeth: 237 5th Avenue Montross:550 5th Avenue Folsom:396 5th Avenue Charles Daniel: 2 W 47th Street Milch: 939 Madison Avenue Red : “classical art” (i.e. European Art from the Renaissance to the 18th century) Blue: Modern European Art Green: Modern European and American Art Yellow: American Art Metropolitan Museum of Art
  10. 10. George Grey Barnard, the Cloisters and the Cuxa affair George Grey Barnard touring his cloister in New York, 1921. Article about Barnard’s affair in Cuxa, The New York Times, June 15, 1913 John D. Rockefeller Jr.
  11. 11. Map of some of the « guilded age mansions » showing a Medieval and Renaissance inspiration in Manhattan in 1914. C. Diercke Einzelkarte, New York und Umgegend, 1914 Cornelius Vanderbilt II House, 1883, 1 West 57th Street Mrs. William B. Astor House, 840 Fifth Ave. Waldo House, 867 Madison Avenue The “Petit Chateau”, 660 5th Avenue
  12. 12. The regulatory and legal context One of the many sale receipts in the correspondence between Joseph and Ernest, 1935. Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library, New York The regulatory and economical context.
  13. 13. d. Finding the righ hinges: the strategy of the Brummer Brothers C. Diercke Einzelkarte, New York und Umgegend, 1914 The Brummer Gallery, at 43 E 57th Street, ca. 1925. Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York.
  14. 14. Exterior of the Brummer Gallery, 43 East 57th Street, New York, ca. 1925. The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York Medieval Works on display at the Brummer Gallery, ca. 1925. The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York Invitation to the opening of a Zadkine exhibition at the Brummer Gallery The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York
  15. 15. Picture of Joseph Brummer’s American passeport, 1925 Brummer Gallery Archives, The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York. James J. Rorimer, curator at The Cloisters, in 1967. © Yousuf Karsh The Cloisters Library and Archives, New York. Henry Walters, founder of the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore William Randolph Hearst, considered to account for 25% of the Art market in the 1920s and ‘30s, his collection is the heart of the LACMA Grenville Winthrop, owner of a collection of about 4,000 items given to the Fogg Art Museum after his death in 1943. Alastair Bradley Martin, owner of the « Guennol collection ». About a hundred of its pieces were presented as long term loans at the Metropolitan Museum and the Brooklyn Museum of Art. William Forsyth, assistant of Rorimer and later curator at The Cloisters
  16. 16. The Brummer Gallery records, Digital Collections Website, Metropolitan Museum of Art
  17. 17. Brummer index card, French Romanesque head
  18. 18. Sample data set (500 items) Added variables based on return on investment
  19. 19. Object breakdown according to the sample dataset (500 items)
  20. 20. Object breakdown in terms of accumulative sale price (left) and return on investment (right)
  21. 21. Bronze Venus sculpture, Greek and Roman bronze category, bought for $5 and sold for $450
  22. 22. Buying patterns according to object category: private collectors vs galleries
  23. 23. Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
  24. 24. The Roaring 20’s The Great Depression
  25. 25. Hearst Castle, central coast of California
  26. 26. Cloister purchased by William Randolph Hearst
  27. 27. Gallery sales according to year (from the larger dataset: 1091 items)
  28. 28. Sales according to object category: Post-MET sale (blue) vs pre-MET sale (red)

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