DEFINITION 2 The movement of passengers or cargo over or through large distances of water – both oceans or seas and fresh water, inland waterways3 Main Categories:AQUEDUCTS – pipelines, tunnels, canals, navigable channelCONTAINER SHIPMENT – tanker, crates, container vansPASSENGER SHIP – cruiselines, ferries, catamarans
BRIEF BACKGROUND (Motive power) 3 The first form of water transportation used “manpower” with man moving their way across bodies of water with a paddle and small boat, likened to a canoe After paddling came the usage of “SAILS” , in addition to unison paddling ,to bring bigger vessels across wider bodies of water. Sails alone were also used in smaller vessels. The discovery of the steam engine allowed for the large vessels to traverse oceans with heavy cargo and numerous passengers
BRIEF BACKGROUND (Motive power) 4 Eventually when motorized land vehicles evolved, motorized water vessels were also developed, allowing ships, large and small, to run on oil or fuel, which is seen today “Cruising” evolved from regular “transportation” activities where passengers and cargo were brought, non-stop, across oceans to reach different countries and/or continents. Then the concept of “fun ships” or “love boats” started gaining popularity.
BRIEF BACKGROUND (Motive power) 5 Cruising industry started gaining momentum in the 1970’s and 1980’s. Then in the 1990’s they started building “megaships” that far exceeded the size and scope of the biggest ocean liners. At the same time, the “paddlewheelers” were also revived in the big in-land waterways such as the Mississippi which carried over 300 passengers. Always, the connotation of a cruise is an experience of luxury
FAST FACTS ABOUT CRUISE LINE INDUSTRY 6 It has a large market - in North America alone, estimated potential is 70 Million (half of the people over 25 years old who have an income of at least US$ 20,000 have expressed wanting to cruise) A cruise company typically purchases over US$ 600M of food and beverage per year On a week-long cruise on a large vessel can consume 5,000 cases of wine and champagne Many ship gyms use air-resistance machines because weighted machines are too heavy
FAST FACTS ABOUT CRUISE LINE INDUSTRY 7 One third to one half of the people aboard a ship are crew members A typical dining room attendant makes US$ 25,000- 30,000 a year in salary and tips and have minimal “on-board” expenses. The number one source of revenue on board is beverage sales Casino gamblers spend about US$ 10.00 a day
TYPES OF CRUISE ITINERARIES 81. ROUND-TRIP or CIRCLE Itinerary2. ONE-WAY Itinerary3. CLOSED JAW Itinerary – to include air travel4. OPEN JAW Itinerary – to include air travel5. CRUISE ONLY Trip• AT-SEA Days• PORT Days• CRUISE Tour
WHY DO PEOPLE CRUISE 91. Hassle-free vacation – pack and unpack only once2. Getting away from it all – unless one makes a living on a fishing vessel, tanker or cargo ship, cruising is a new experience3. Interesting destinations – can see several places at the same trip4. You can do IT ALL or NOTHING5. Something for everybody6. A learning, friendly, romantic, safe, trendy, experience
WHY DO PEOPLE CRUISE 107. A pre-packaged vacation8. Good vacation value9. Lends itself to group travel
BASIC FEATURES IN A CRUISE LINE 11 Cabins or staterooms Dining options – main and alternative dining rooms and snack bars Entertainment venues Public areas Fitness facilities Atrium – similar to a central lobby Shopping Pool deck
BASIC FEATURES IN A CRUISE LINE 12 Children’s area Spa Casino or evening entertainment
TYPES OF ROOMS IN A CRUISE 13 Inside cabin – middle rooms with no windows or portholes Outside cabin – rooms with portholes and windows Balcony / veranda cabin – a room which opens to a private seating area at a portion of the deck Mini-suite – rooms with a small waiting area or parlor in addition to the beds Suite – a larger room with a waiting area to entertain guests, a kitchenette or bar
BIG 8 CRUISELINES 141. STAR CRUISE LINE – operates in Asia and caters to the Asian, European and Australian markets. Casinos are popular in these cruises2. PRINCESS CRUISES – modern, bright ships which offers flexible dining services. They also offer an outdoor cinema.3. ROYAL CARIBBEAN – serves over 25% of the cruise line market. They have the strong “mega ship categories in service.
BIG 8 CRUISELINES 154. HOLLAND AMERICAL LINES – focuses more on comfort. Has a loyal and more mature client base and its décor is more conservative.5. COSTA CRUISE LINES – is an Italian cruise operation which caters to the European market, with services catering to their tastes.6. CELEBRITY CRUISES – is known for its cuisine. It has more crewmembers than most cruise lines and has a loyal clientele.
BIG 8 CRUISELINES 167. NORWEGIAN CRUISE LINE – offers a loose dining policy on all ships where rules are more relaxed. They promote more sports activities.8. CARNIVAL - called the “Fun Ships”, they cater to a younger, more active generation. They attract first time cruisers in a 20-40 age range.
WHY DO PEOPLE CHOOSE WATER TRANSPORTATION 17 Generally, more affordable especially when shipping items or cargo in bulk Must travel big distances but afraid to fly and not accessible entirely by land In some places, there is no faster alternative
EFFECTS OF WATER TRANSPORTATION ON TOURISM 18 Increase economic activity Increase foreign exchange Decrease in transportation cost Increase in government revenue Increase in employment opportunities Increase in foreign investments
Water Transportation Infrastructure 19PIERS A raised structure , including bridge, building support and walkways over waterTYPES OF PIERSWorking Pier - built for handling cargo and passengersPleasure Pier – normally in resort areas for guests on holiday and for use of smaller, private vehicles
Water Transportation Infrastructure 20Fishing Pier – purely for persons who wish to sit and catch fishPORTS• Large scale piers with industrial equipment to handle commercial number of passenger and cargo
Water Transportation Infrastructure 21LIGHTHOUSE A tower or building or other structure designed to emit light and be an aid to navigation for pilots at sea or inland waterways Normally marks dangerous coastlines – shoals, reefs or for safe entries to harbors
COMMONLY USED TERMS IN CRUISES 22 ABOARD – on board the ship ASHORE – on the shore (off the ship) ATRIUM – the common place in cruise ships BALCONY – also known as a veranda, a private seating area on the outside of a ship, accessed only from one’s cabin BERTH – the place where ships dock BOW – the front of the ship
COMMONLY USED TERMS IN CRUISES 23 BRIDGE – where the Captain operates the ship; navigational, command and control area of the ship BUNKERING – to take on fuel CABIN – passenger room of a ship DISEMBARK – getting off the ship, at various ports and at the end of the cruise DECK – the floor of the ship DOCK – act of parking the ship at the pier FORWARD – toward the front the ship
COMMONLY USED TERMS IN CRUISES 24 GALLEY – the ship’s kitchen GANGWAY – the opening at the side of the ship where passengers embark and disembark STARBOARD – right hand side of the ship STERN – the back of the ship PORT – may be a harbour or multiple harbours where ships dock; left side of the ship (as a part of the ship)
THE WAY 251. OCEANS – The largest of all bodies of water. There are 4 main oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic2. SEAS – Second largest bodies of water, salty and open to or even part of oceans (Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Dead Sea, Baltic Sea, Philippine Sea, West Philippine Sea)3. GULFS – large areas of water that penetrates into land
THE WAY 264. LAKES – smaller than gulfs and seas usually have fresh water and are mostly, if not entirely encircled by land• Sometimes flowing, sometimes still5. RIVERS – large /flowing streams of water that empty into other bodies of water6. COVE – a coastal landform – circular or round inlet7. CREEK – an inlet of the sea, narrower than a cove
THE WAY 278. Harbour – a man-made or natural body of water where ships are stored or may seek shelter from weather and currents9. Lagoon – a shallow salt or brackish water10. Bay – a larger cove with a protected area sometimes leading up to harbours or ports
THE VEHICLE 28TYPE OF CRUISE LINES• Luxury cruise lines• Education and adventure cruise lines – smaller and visits ecologically interesting places• Masted Sailing Ships – real sails which give experience of previous seafaring• Riverboats – “time machines” of the past
ORGANIZATIONS / AGENCIES 29INTERNATIONAL:CLIA – Cruise Lines International Association- 26 members (as discussed by reporter)LOCAL:Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) – broader enforcement of maritime laws in the country: smuggling, fishing, drug trafficking, piracy
ORGANIZATIONS / AGENCIES 30MARINA – Maritime Industry Authority• Registration of water vesselsPHILIPPINE PORTS AUTHORTY (PPA)• Facilitate monitoring of security-related events for water vehicles• Monitors flow of water vessels in and out of portsSOLAS – Safety of Life at Sea