Water transpo lecture


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Water transpo lecture

  2. 2. DEFINITION 2 The movement of passengers or cargo over or through large distances of water – both oceans or seas and fresh water, inland waterways3 Main Categories:AQUEDUCTS – pipelines, tunnels, canals, navigable channelCONTAINER SHIPMENT – tanker, crates, container vansPASSENGER SHIP – cruiselines, ferries, catamarans
  3. 3. BRIEF BACKGROUND (Motive power) 3 The first form of water transportation used “manpower” with man moving their way across bodies of water with a paddle and small boat, likened to a canoe After paddling came the usage of “SAILS” , in addition to unison paddling ,to bring bigger vessels across wider bodies of water. Sails alone were also used in smaller vessels. The discovery of the steam engine allowed for the large vessels to traverse oceans with heavy cargo and numerous passengers
  4. 4. BRIEF BACKGROUND (Motive power) 4 Eventually when motorized land vehicles evolved, motorized water vessels were also developed, allowing ships, large and small, to run on oil or fuel, which is seen today “Cruising” evolved from regular “transportation” activities where passengers and cargo were brought, non-stop, across oceans to reach different countries and/or continents. Then the concept of “fun ships” or “love boats” started gaining popularity.
  5. 5. BRIEF BACKGROUND (Motive power) 5 Cruising industry started gaining momentum in the 1970’s and 1980’s. Then in the 1990’s they started building “megaships” that far exceeded the size and scope of the biggest ocean liners. At the same time, the “paddlewheelers” were also revived in the big in-land waterways such as the Mississippi which carried over 300 passengers. Always, the connotation of a cruise is an experience of luxury
  6. 6. FAST FACTS ABOUT CRUISE LINE INDUSTRY 6 It has a large market - in North America alone, estimated potential is 70 Million (half of the people over 25 years old who have an income of at least US$ 20,000 have expressed wanting to cruise) A cruise company typically purchases over US$ 600M of food and beverage per year On a week-long cruise on a large vessel can consume 5,000 cases of wine and champagne Many ship gyms use air-resistance machines because weighted machines are too heavy
  7. 7. FAST FACTS ABOUT CRUISE LINE INDUSTRY 7 One third to one half of the people aboard a ship are crew members A typical dining room attendant makes US$ 25,000- 30,000 a year in salary and tips and have minimal “on-board” expenses. The number one source of revenue on board is beverage sales Casino gamblers spend about US$ 10.00 a day
  8. 8. TYPES OF CRUISE ITINERARIES 81. ROUND-TRIP or CIRCLE Itinerary2. ONE-WAY Itinerary3. CLOSED JAW Itinerary – to include air travel4. OPEN JAW Itinerary – to include air travel5. CRUISE ONLY Trip• AT-SEA Days• PORT Days• CRUISE Tour
  9. 9. WHY DO PEOPLE CRUISE 91. Hassle-free vacation – pack and unpack only once2. Getting away from it all – unless one makes a living on a fishing vessel, tanker or cargo ship, cruising is a new experience3. Interesting destinations – can see several places at the same trip4. You can do IT ALL or NOTHING5. Something for everybody6. A learning, friendly, romantic, safe, trendy, experience
  10. 10. WHY DO PEOPLE CRUISE 107. A pre-packaged vacation8. Good vacation value9. Lends itself to group travel
  11. 11. BASIC FEATURES IN A CRUISE LINE 11 Cabins or staterooms Dining options – main and alternative dining rooms and snack bars Entertainment venues Public areas Fitness facilities Atrium – similar to a central lobby Shopping Pool deck
  12. 12. BASIC FEATURES IN A CRUISE LINE 12 Children’s area Spa Casino or evening entertainment
  13. 13. TYPES OF ROOMS IN A CRUISE 13 Inside cabin – middle rooms with no windows or portholes Outside cabin – rooms with portholes and windows Balcony / veranda cabin – a room which opens to a private seating area at a portion of the deck Mini-suite – rooms with a small waiting area or parlor in addition to the beds Suite – a larger room with a waiting area to entertain guests, a kitchenette or bar
  14. 14. BIG 8 CRUISELINES 141. STAR CRUISE LINE – operates in Asia and caters to the Asian, European and Australian markets. Casinos are popular in these cruises2. PRINCESS CRUISES – modern, bright ships which offers flexible dining services. They also offer an outdoor cinema.3. ROYAL CARIBBEAN – serves over 25% of the cruise line market. They have the strong “mega ship categories in service.
  15. 15. BIG 8 CRUISELINES 154. HOLLAND AMERICAL LINES – focuses more on comfort. Has a loyal and more mature client base and its décor is more conservative.5. COSTA CRUISE LINES – is an Italian cruise operation which caters to the European market, with services catering to their tastes.6. CELEBRITY CRUISES – is known for its cuisine. It has more crewmembers than most cruise lines and has a loyal clientele.
  16. 16. BIG 8 CRUISELINES 167. NORWEGIAN CRUISE LINE – offers a loose dining policy on all ships where rules are more relaxed. They promote more sports activities.8. CARNIVAL - called the “Fun Ships”, they cater to a younger, more active generation. They attract first time cruisers in a 20-40 age range.
  17. 17. WHY DO PEOPLE CHOOSE WATER TRANSPORTATION 17 Generally, more affordable especially when shipping items or cargo in bulk Must travel big distances but afraid to fly and not accessible entirely by land In some places, there is no faster alternative
  18. 18. EFFECTS OF WATER TRANSPORTATION ON TOURISM 18 Increase economic activity Increase foreign exchange Decrease in transportation cost Increase in government revenue Increase in employment opportunities Increase in foreign investments
  19. 19. Water Transportation Infrastructure 19PIERS A raised structure , including bridge, building support and walkways over waterTYPES OF PIERSWorking Pier - built for handling cargo and passengersPleasure Pier – normally in resort areas for guests on holiday and for use of smaller, private vehicles
  20. 20. Water Transportation Infrastructure 20Fishing Pier – purely for persons who wish to sit and catch fishPORTS• Large scale piers with industrial equipment to handle commercial number of passenger and cargo
  21. 21. Water Transportation Infrastructure 21LIGHTHOUSE A tower or building or other structure designed to emit light and be an aid to navigation for pilots at sea or inland waterways Normally marks dangerous coastlines – shoals, reefs or for safe entries to harbors
  22. 22. COMMONLY USED TERMS IN CRUISES 22 ABOARD – on board the ship ASHORE – on the shore (off the ship) ATRIUM – the common place in cruise ships BALCONY – also known as a veranda, a private seating area on the outside of a ship, accessed only from one’s cabin BERTH – the place where ships dock BOW – the front of the ship
  23. 23. COMMONLY USED TERMS IN CRUISES 23 BRIDGE – where the Captain operates the ship; navigational, command and control area of the ship BUNKERING – to take on fuel CABIN – passenger room of a ship DISEMBARK – getting off the ship, at various ports and at the end of the cruise DECK – the floor of the ship DOCK – act of parking the ship at the pier FORWARD – toward the front the ship
  24. 24. COMMONLY USED TERMS IN CRUISES 24 GALLEY – the ship’s kitchen GANGWAY – the opening at the side of the ship where passengers embark and disembark STARBOARD – right hand side of the ship STERN – the back of the ship PORT – may be a harbour or multiple harbours where ships dock; left side of the ship (as a part of the ship)
  25. 25. THE WAY 251. OCEANS – The largest of all bodies of water. There are 4 main oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic2. SEAS – Second largest bodies of water, salty and open to or even part of oceans (Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Dead Sea, Baltic Sea, Philippine Sea, West Philippine Sea)3. GULFS – large areas of water that penetrates into land
  26. 26. THE WAY 264. LAKES – smaller than gulfs and seas usually have fresh water and are mostly, if not entirely encircled by land• Sometimes flowing, sometimes still5. RIVERS – large /flowing streams of water that empty into other bodies of water6. COVE – a coastal landform – circular or round inlet7. CREEK – an inlet of the sea, narrower than a cove
  27. 27. THE WAY 278. Harbour – a man-made or natural body of water where ships are stored or may seek shelter from weather and currents9. Lagoon – a shallow salt or brackish water10. Bay – a larger cove with a protected area sometimes leading up to harbours or ports
  28. 28. THE VEHICLE 28TYPE OF CRUISE LINES• Luxury cruise lines• Education and adventure cruise lines – smaller and visits ecologically interesting places• Masted Sailing Ships – real sails which give experience of previous seafaring• Riverboats – “time machines” of the past
  29. 29. ORGANIZATIONS / AGENCIES 29INTERNATIONAL:CLIA – Cruise Lines International Association- 26 members (as discussed by reporter)LOCAL:Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) – broader enforcement of maritime laws in the country: smuggling, fishing, drug trafficking, piracy
  30. 30. ORGANIZATIONS / AGENCIES 30MARINA – Maritime Industry Authority• Registration of water vesselsPHILIPPINE PORTS AUTHORTY (PPA)• Facilitate monitoring of security-related events for water vehicles• Monitors flow of water vessels in and out of portsSOLAS – Safety of Life at Sea