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An illustrated typology of
scientific agglomerations
forms in the world, 2000–
2010
Laurent Jégou
Marion Maisonobe
Najla T...
Introduction : the geographic
visualisation of scientific production
Research group “geography of science” at the LISST, s...
Data processing
• Biases acknowledged :
• WoS journals (english language mainly, slow perimeter évolution)
• Authors’ post...
A new dynamic map online tool
(Hopefully soon to be available freely online)
Focus of today’s presentation :
agglomerations
• Illustrating the diversity of the spatial configuration of the scientific...
Type 1 : the monocephalic or
centralised agglos.
A single centre of publications only, stable in time (no new centres of
p...
Type 1
Map 1 :
Beijing, China
Type 1
Map 2 :
Kiev, Ukraine
Type 1
Map 3 :
South Spain
Type 2 : agglomerations with a
single decentralised scientific
centre
Subtype 2a : With one suburb more
dynamic than the c...
Type 2a
Map 4 :
Helsinki – Espoo,
Finland
Type 2a
Map 5 :
Patras – Río
Greece
Type 2 : agglomerations with a
single decentralised scientific
centre
Subtype 2b : With one suburb as dynamic as the
centr...
Type 2b
Map 6 :
Cairo – Giza,
Egypt
Type 2b
Map 7 :
Dublin, Maynooth
Ireland
Type 3 : agglomerations with
multiples decentralisations
Type 3
Map 8 :
Lyon, France
Type 3
Map 9 :
Cape Town,
South Africa
Type 3
Map 10 :
Munchen,
Germany
Type 4 : Two close
agglomerations
Subtype 4a : Inside a country
Type 4a
Map 11 :
Bristol, Bath
United Kingdom
Type 4a
Map 12 :
Pretoria,
Johannesburg
South Africa
Type 4 : Two close
agglomerations
Subtype 4b : Separated by a political
border
Type 4b
Map 13 :
Hong Kong,
Shenzhen
China
Type 4b
Map 14 :
Dubai, Sharjah,
United Arab
Emirates
Type 4b
Map 15 :
Copenhagen,
Lund, Malmö
Denmark, Sweden
Type 5 : Emergence of new
scientific production centres
Type5
Map 16 :
Thuwal,
Saudi Arabia
Type5
Map 17 :
Semenyih,
Malaysia
An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000-2010
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An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000-2010

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Speech given at the 3rd International Conference Geography of Innovation, Toulouse

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An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000-2010

  1. 1. An illustrated typology of scientific agglomerations forms in the world, 2000– 2010 Laurent Jégou Marion Maisonobe Najla Touati
  2. 2. Introduction : the geographic visualisation of scientific production Research group “geography of science” at the LISST, since 2010. • Objective : to observe and analyse the geography of science at the city scale, worldwide, since a decade. • Sources : The ©Web of Science, 1999-2012, author’s addresses. • Tools : a geolocalised database with interactive visualisation tools to verify the results, to assess their quality and to represent the data conveniently, on a dynamic map.
  3. 3. Data processing • Biases acknowledged : • WoS journals (english language mainly, slow perimeter évolution) • Authors’ postal addresses / postal districts variation • Automatic geocoding sometimes wrong (Leuven / Louvain …) • Results : • 20M publications, 40M authors • geocoded worldwide and fractionated on 35.000 cities • moving averages for 1999-2001 and 2009-2011, evolutions • Several publications (Urban studies, journals, doctoral thesis …) A new tool to represent the centers of scientific publication at the city scale and its evolution since 1999.
  4. 4. A new dynamic map online tool (Hopefully soon to be available freely online)
  5. 5. Focus of today’s presentation : agglomerations • Illustrating the diversity of the spatial configuration of the scientific production. • A typology of spatial forms taking into account the temporal evolution.
  6. 6. Type 1 : the monocephalic or centralised agglos. A single centre of publications only, stable in time (no new centres of production in the agglomeration during the period).
  7. 7. Type 1 Map 1 : Beijing, China
  8. 8. Type 1 Map 2 : Kiev, Ukraine
  9. 9. Type 1 Map 3 : South Spain
  10. 10. Type 2 : agglomerations with a single decentralised scientific centre Subtype 2a : With one suburb more dynamic than the centre Very often, the second centre of scientific production is a university campus, decentralised or delocalised from an old city-centre campus.
  11. 11. Type 2a Map 4 : Helsinki – Espoo, Finland
  12. 12. Type 2a Map 5 : Patras – Río Greece
  13. 13. Type 2 : agglomerations with a single decentralised scientific centre Subtype 2b : With one suburb as dynamic as the centre or less dynamic
  14. 14. Type 2b Map 6 : Cairo – Giza, Egypt
  15. 15. Type 2b Map 7 : Dublin, Maynooth Ireland
  16. 16. Type 3 : agglomerations with multiples decentralisations
  17. 17. Type 3 Map 8 : Lyon, France
  18. 18. Type 3 Map 9 : Cape Town, South Africa
  19. 19. Type 3 Map 10 : Munchen, Germany
  20. 20. Type 4 : Two close agglomerations Subtype 4a : Inside a country
  21. 21. Type 4a Map 11 : Bristol, Bath United Kingdom
  22. 22. Type 4a Map 12 : Pretoria, Johannesburg South Africa
  23. 23. Type 4 : Two close agglomerations Subtype 4b : Separated by a political border
  24. 24. Type 4b Map 13 : Hong Kong, Shenzhen China
  25. 25. Type 4b Map 14 : Dubai, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  26. 26. Type 4b Map 15 : Copenhagen, Lund, Malmö Denmark, Sweden
  27. 27. Type 5 : Emergence of new scientific production centres
  28. 28. Type5 Map 16 : Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
  29. 29. Type5 Map 17 : Semenyih, Malaysia

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