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Industrial revolution htav 2011

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An introduction to teaching Depyh Study 1 The Industrial Revolution in the Australian Curriculum History Year 9

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Industrial revolution htav 2011

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution bringschange to Colonial Victoria Marion Littlejohn Education Officer, Sovereign Hill Museum HTAV Middle Years Conference, October, 2011.
  2. 2. Year 9 The Making of the Modern WorldDepth Study 1 Making a Better World?Choose ONE1 The Industrial Revolution (1750 – 1914)2 Movements of Peoples (c. 1757 – 1914)3 Progressive Ideas and Movements (1750 – 1914)
  3. 3. Making a Better World ? (1750 – 1914)Content descriptionStudents investigate …the experiences of men, women and children during theIndustrial Revolution, and their changing way of lifeThe Industrial Revolution (1750 – 1914)The technological innovations that led to the Industrial Revolution, and otherconditions that influenced the industrialisation of Britain (the agriculturalrevolution, access to raw materials, wealthy middle class, cheap labour, transportsystem, and expanding empire) and of AustraliaElaborations•the impact of steam, gas and electricity on people’s way of life•The experiences of men, women and children during the Industrial Revolution•The population movements and changing settlement patterns•changes to the cities and landscape in European countries and Australia as theIndustrial Revolution continued to develop, using photos•The short and long-term impacts of the Industrial Revolution, including global changesin landscapes, transport and communication The Australian Curriculum; Year 9 - History
  4. 4. S.T. Gill, Homeward Bound
  5. 5. Pierre Edouard Frere, Washing Day c. 1837George Baxter, News from Australia 1854
  6. 6. Beginnings of the Industrial RevolutionA revolution in agriculture in Britain in the 1700s createdconditions that favored the Industrial Revolution.• Farmers began growing new crops and using new technologysuch as the seed drill and the iron plow.• Increased food production improved peoples diet andhealth, which in turn contributed to rapid population growth.• More efficient farming methods (enclosures) meant that fewerpeople were needed to farm.• As a result, unemployed farmers created a large new labor force.
  7. 7. Why Britain took the lead.• It had plentiful iron and coal resources and a good transportation system(canals).• It was a leading commercial power so merchants had the capital to invest innew enterprises.• It had colonies that supplied raw materials and bought finished goods.• The British government encouraged improvements in transportation and usedits navy to protect British trade.• Political stability – secure property rights encourages investment• British ideal that people could move ahead in society by hard work and talent.The Protestant Work Ethic.
  8. 8. The Industrial Revolution began in the textile industry, where a series of inventions created new demands for laborers. Between 1733 and 1793, inventors produced new machines, such as the flying shuttle, the Spinning Jenny, and a water- powered loom, for spinning and weaving of wool and cotton.New machines led to the growth ofthe factory system, which broughtworkers and machines together inone place to manufacture goods. Bythe late 1700s, steam began toreplace water as a source of powerafter James Watt greatly improvedThomas Newcomen’s 1712 steamengine. Steam engines gave a boostto two other industries that wereessential to the Industrial Revolution;coal and iron.
  9. 9. Replica of Richard Trevithicks 1804 locomotive at the National WaterfrontMuseum, Swansea.
  10. 10. 1808 Trevithick charged one shilling at his Steam Circusto view his “Catch me who can” steam locomotive.
  11. 11. 1829 George Stephenson’sRocket successfully pulled an open carriage carrying 30 passengers at 45 kph. Rocket (with some post 1829 innovations) as preserved in the Science Museum, London.
  12. 12. Benefits of rail travel• ability to transport fresh meat, milk, eggs & vegetables → better diet → improved health• Information/news spreads faster - newspapers and letters delivered next day in UK• Shrinking world• Cheaper transport costs → cheaper goods → raising sales → more jobs• Population more mobile, day return ticket to seaside now possible William Powell Frith - Life at the Seaside (Ramsgate Sands) 1854.
  13. 13. Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859)
  14. 14. Brunel’s Great Western railway linking London to Bristol included this two- mile-long Tunnel at Box; then the longest railway tunnel in the world. The first train ran in 1838.
  15. 15. A famous Great Western engine, the "Vulcan," built in 1837
  16. 16. SS Great Britain
  17. 17. Launch of the SS Great Britain by HRH Prince Albert in 1843
  18. 18. The Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London. 1851 1851THE GREAT EXHIBITION Queen Victoria opens the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace. Hyde Park, London, 1851
  19. 19. North Transept – waiting for the Queen
  20. 20. India
  21. 21. Agriculture
  22. 22. Machinery
  23. 23. Moving machinery
  24. 24. The Forest Creek Diggings, Mount Alexander, Port Phillip 1852, The London Illustrated News, 3rd July 1852
  25. 25. Colonization spreadBritain’s IndustrialRevolution toAustralia. Henry O’Neil, The Parting Cheer
  26. 26. Between 1852 and 1875 the ss Great Britain made 32 round trips to Australia bringing 15,000 passengers. 2% of present day Australians aredescended from a Great Britain passenger.
  27. 27. S.T. Gill, Deep Sinking Ballaarat, 1852
  28. 28. Star of the East Quartz Gold Mine, Ballarat c.1890s
  29. 29. Water wheel at Chewton Stamper Batteries, crushing ore to release gold
  30. 30. Phoenix Foundry Ballarat, 1873
  31. 31. B class locomotive, Ballarat
  32. 32. Ballarat 1872 by William Bardwell.
  33. 33. Early stripper/harvester c. 1883 H.V. McKay Sunshine Harvester factory showing harvester combs, comb teeth, wheels and other metal parts are being packed for shipment c1918 Reproduced courtesy of Museum Victoria
  34. 34. Teaching resourceshttp://www.teacherlink.org/content/social/instructional/industrialrevolution/home.htmlUseful outline for teaching a unit on the Industrial Revolution in England – some of the links no longerworkhttp://www1.umassd.edu/ir/welcome.cfmInteresting site from University of Massachusetts Dartmouth which contains an excellent Image Galleryhttp://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/IndustrialRevolution.htmAmazing site produced to support the UK History curriculum with easily searchable sections on Historytopics from Romans to World War 2Google Images – type in Industrial Revolution and go ballistic!!

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