Characters Willy Loman Linda Loman Biff Loman Happy Loman Charley Bernard Uncle Bem Howard Wagner Jenny
1. The ways in which the female characters function as token of male status.2. The ways in which “good girl/bad girl” view of women validates the Loman men’s sexism.3. The ways in which Linda Loman has internalized patriarchal ideology.
Recognize when a literary work depictspatriarchal ideology.Author:Toni Morrison She is an American novelist, editor, and professor. She won the Nobel prize in literature in 1993 and in 1987 the Pulitzer Prize for Beloved.
The Bluest Eye The book was written in1970 and tells a story about anyoung black girl named Pecola.She is a troubled young girlwith a hard life, whose parentsare constantly fighting, bothphysically and verbally. Pecolais continually being told andreminded of what an “ugly”girl she is, thus fueling herdesire to be white with blueeyes .
"Each night Pecola prayed for blue eyes. In her eleven years, no one hadever noticed Pecola. But with blue eyes, she thought, everything would bedifferent. She would be so pretty that her parents would stop fighting. Herfather would stop drinking. Her brother would stop running away. If onlyshe could be beautiful. If only people would look at her."Themes: Racism Sexism Female power
Author: Mary Shelley She was an Englishnovelist, short story writer,dramatist, essayist, biographer,and travel writerbest knownfor her Gothic NoveFrankenstein: or The ModernPrometheus (1818).
Frankenstein The novel tells the storyof Victor Frankenstein, astudent of natural sciences thatbuilds a monster in hislaboratory.However, Victor is disgusted with his creation, and abandon it,escaping.
The text weakens the patriarchal belief.Caroline – support of her father;Justine – unjust condemnation;Safie – defies her patriarchal father;The Monster – indirect advocate for women’s rights.
FranksteinThe novel reinforces patriachal ideology:• Caroline dies as a dutiful mother;• Justine dies as a dutiful servant and surrogate mother;• Elizabeth dies as a dutiful mother and surrogate mother, trusting her husband’s judgment.
Mary ShelleyMary Shelley’s conflicts:• About her husband;• Her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft.