1094-B & 1095-B: Reporting Requirements: A Step-by-Step Guide
The Affordable Care ActReporting Requirements: A Step-by-Step Guide to Forms 1095-B and 1094-B
These slides were last updated on August 7, 2015.
First things first, this is not a basic guide.
This guide assumes you know how the Employer Mandate
basically works under the Affordable Care Act.
Which brings me to a very important point. The reporting
requirements are their own separate, free-standing requirement
under the Affordable Care Act.
You might be asking yourself what makes me an authority on the
That is a great question and a question that does not get asked
enough by people researching the ACA.
I’ve helped hundreds of employers since the Affordable Care Act
was signed on March 23, 2010.
I’ve written scholarly articles for peer-reviewed legal journals on
the Affordable Care Act.
I’ve written three editions of a comprehensive guide on the
Affordable Care Act called The Employer Mandate Handbook. The
third edition will be out in mid-August 2015.
When I wrote my articles and books, I tried to cite as many as my
claims as possible.
I have spent years working on this stuff every day.
I have been quoted in the Houston Chronicle, Forbes, and have
been interviewed by the New York Times.
But even after all of that, I don’t know everything, and you should
run (very fast) from anyone that claims they do.
What I do know is that as far as these reporting requirements are
concerned, it is irrelevant how many employees you had during
2015. All that matters here is whether your medical benefits were
Again, the only thing that matters is whether you are self-funding
or self-insuring your employees’ health insurance.
If you do not know the answer to the last slide . . .
Under the Individual Mandate, the IRS has to identify which
Americans have medical benefits and which do not. Those that do
not, and don’t have an authorized excuse, will pay a financial
Incredibly, the IRS is not just going to take people’s word for it.
They want proof that non-exempt people had insurance when
they claim they have it to avoid paying individual mandate
Under the Employer Mandate, the IRS has to identify whether
Applicable Large Employer Members offered insurance, or the
right kind of insurance, to full-time employees in assessing
financial penalties for those employers.
Form 1095-B is the proof against which individual claims will be
For example, Lennifer Jopez works for Remix Inc. Remix Inc.
offers Lennifer self-insured, self-funded benefits during 2014. In
April 2015, when Lennifer is completing her personal income
taxes, she gets to the line that asks her if she had insurance
during 2014. Lennifer claims to have insurance in 2014.
The IRS has no way of verifying Lennifer’s claim. Because there is
no insurance company to ask (because Remix is a self-insured,
self-funded employer), the IRS has to get a report from Remix
verifying Lennifer’s coverage.
You can download Form 1095-B directly from the IRS here:
Always ensure you have the most up-to-date form by going
straight to the IRS website. Try to avoid the common pitfall of
printing 100 of them, putting them in a drawer, and then pulling
them from the drawer. Sooner or later, you will have outdated
forms if you do it this way.
Ensure you have the correct form by checking the top-left corner
of the form in front of you.
If you make a mistake and want to correct it by sending in a
subsequent corrected form, you would check the “corrected” box.
If for some reason you want to null and void a form, you can check
Next, ensure you have the correct yearly form.
The most current one looks like this on the top-right corner:
Part I, shown below, identifies the covered individual and some
particulars about the health insurance policy involved.
The responsible individual referenced here is not the employer; it
is the covered individual (usually an employee, like Lennifer
earlier). Do not put the company’s name here.
The responsible individual’s SSN goes here. If you do not have a
social security number for this individual, you must complete
Line 3’s date-of-birth requirement.
The important thing to keep an eye on for Line 3 is that it’s not
required if you completed Line 2.
Remember, this is where the individual lives, not where the
company is located, or where the individual works, etc.
This is just asking where the policy originated, see the next slide
for the codes.
A. Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP)
B. Employer-Sponsored Coverage
C. Government-Sponsored Program
D. Individual Market Insurance
E. Multi-Employer Plan
F. Miscellaneous Minimum Essential Coverage
Cool list . . . What the heck do any of those six categories mean in
Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP)
The SHOP is an exchange not much unlike the individual
exchange on which people buy insurance. The most common and
used SHOP exchange is found at healthcare.gov, but the next slide
has every SHOP exchange in every state. If you did not buy your
insurance from one of those websites, you do not have a SHOP
Any insurance coverage whereby the employer self-insures or
self-funds the insurance benefits provided to Employees qualifies
as Employer-Sponsored Coverage.
Any insurance coverage whereby the provider is a government
entity. If you are not a government employer, this does not apply
Individual Market Insurance
This will typically be insurance sold through an individual
exchange or marketplace like www.healthcare.gov.
Are you a union providing healthcare to union members? No? Do
not worry about this then.
Miscellaneous Minimum Essential Coverage
-Self-insured student health plans (for 2014 only).
-State high risk pools (for 2014 only).
-Coverage under Medicare Part C (Medicare Advantage).
-Refugee Medical Assistance.
-Coverage provided to business owners who are not
-Coverage under a group health plan provided through
insurance regulated by a foreign government if:
-A covered individual is physically absent from the U.S. for at
least 1 day during the month; or
-A covered individual is physically present in the U.S. for a
full month and the coverage provides health benefits
within the U.S. while the individual is outside the U.S.
Most employers will complete Line 8 with “B” (Employer-
Sponsored Coverage), and the few that do not will probably enter
Whose contact information do I put on Line 18?
The contact information for the person that is comfortable
answering questions about the Plan Sponsor, not necessarily an
Just basic address information.
The first portion of Part III is for covered
individuals (typically, the employee, their
spouse, and dependents, but it could also
include non-employees (COBRA-covered
former employees, directors, and retirees).
To the right, you will note that you are
asked to either provide the Social Security
Number or the date of birth of the covered
individual. For covered individuals who
are not the employee listed on Line 1, you
can use a Taxpayer Identification Number
instead of a Social Security Number.
You will be asked to verify
whether the covered individual
had coverage for all 12 months or
if not, to break it up into a month-
That’s it for Form 1095-B
Note that of the New Reporting Requirement Forms for
Individuals, Form 1095-B is probably the easiest of the bunch.
Note that Form 1095-B goes to the responsible individuals
themselves (by January 31, 2016), but must also be sent
electronically to the IRS by March 31, 2016.
Form 1095-Bs must be accompanied by a corresponding
transmittal sheet (Form 1094-B). A transmittal sheet is a fancy
reference to a basic coversheet.
Note: I tried my best to ensure that these slides are as accurate
and informative as possible. If I made a mistake, please send
corrections to my email address which appears on the last slide.
Extra credit for those folks that send corrections with supporting
Thanks for sitting through this slide deck.
These slides have received thousands of views. I have also
received many emails from folks thanking me for putting them up
online (you’re welcome!).
These slides are supplementary materials to the third edition of
my book, The Employer Mandate Handbook. If you benefited
from these slides, please consider purchasing the book that led to
their creation while helping me pay off my massive student loans.
ABOUT MARIO. Mario K. Castillo is the General Counsel of the Lone Star College System in Houston, Texas. Prior to
joining the System, he was a labor, employment, and benefits partner at the law firm of Monty & Ramirez LLP in
Houston, Texas, where he helped employers avoid or minimize liability and defended them when litigation was
necessary. Mario also completed a four-year term as briefing attorney to the Honorable Felix Recio of the Southern
District of Texas prior to joining Monty & Ramirez. Mario received a Juris Doctorate from the Maurer School of Law at
Indiana University—Bloomington. Prior to attending law school, Mario received a Bachelor of Arts in Government
from the University of Texas in Austin.
DISCLAIMER. This presentation is for informational purposes only and provides general information concerning
the Affordable Care Act to help you identify when you may need additional advice. It is not an exhaustive treatment of
the statutes, case law or regulations that are involved with the subject. Please recognize that the law is developing
rapidly in this area and you will want to obtain current legal advice on your specific situation before taking action.