Creole and Pidgin Languages. General Characteristics


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This PPT presents Pidgin and Creole Languages, its general characteristics, as well as some peculiar features, varieties and examples. Hope you'd like it! Enjoy!

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Creole and Pidgin Languages. General Characteristics

  1. 1. Pidgin and Creole Languages Malaki Marina, 3LM3
  2. 2. Issues to discuss  Pidgin language: general characteristics and peculiar features, varieties  Creole Languages : general characteristics, theories of creolization  Structural characteristics of PL and CL.
  3. 3. Pidgin Language  is a simplified form of speech formed out of one or more existing languages and used by people who have no other language in common.  is nobody's mother tongue, and it is not a real language at all: it has no elaborate grammar, it is very limited in what it can convey, and different people speak it differently (R.L. Trasc, Language and Linguistics: The Key Concepts, 2007)
  4. 4. Pidgin  originally used to describe Chinese Pidgin English, was later generalized to refer any pidgin.  Creole Tok Pisin = talk Pidgin  Usually have limited power and do not last long (Pidgin Russian in Manchuria disappeared when Russian settlers left China after WWII )
  5. 5. Varieties of Pidgin  18 Pidgins used around the world (4 extinct and many in the process of disappearing)
  6. 6. Chinglish  Chinese Pidgin English  Originated as lingua franca for trade between British and Chinese people.  1839 – began to decline in the late 19
  7. 7. Chinglish
  8. 8. Chinglish
  9. 9. Chinglish
  10. 10. Chinglish
  11. 11. Other Varieties:  Maroon Spirit Language (Jamaica, West Africa, )  West African Pidgin (West Africa, Equatorial Guinea, Sierra Leone )  African Pidgin (su-su= gossip, pyaapyaa=sickly, koro-koro=clear vision, dotidoti=garbage, yama-yama=disgusting) you sabi do am? = do you know how to do it?
  12. 12. Hawaiian Pidgin  Was influenced by: English, Portuguese, Cantonese, Hawaiian, Korean , Philippine, Mexican  "People no like t'come fo' go wok." = People don't want to have him go to work  "Inside dirt and cover and blanket, finish" = "They put the body in the ground and covered it with a blanket and that's all."
  13. 13. Peculiar characteristics of PL:  Simple Grammar (ex. 2 prepositions – blong= of,for , long= all the other)  Very small vocabulary (Chinglish=700 words, gras blong het=hair)
  14. 14. Creole Languages developed in colonial European plantation settlements in the 17th and 18th centuries as a result of contact between groups that spoke mutually unintelligible languages.  Since the 1930s some linguists have claimed that creoles emerged from pidgins
  15. 15. Theories of Creolization  Substrate (languages previously spoken by enslaved Africans)  Superstrate (colonial nonstandard varieties of the European languages )  Universalist (universals of language development , developed by adults according to universals of second language acquisition)
  16. 16. Pidgins/Creoles    Pidgins have no native speakers; creoles have native speakers. Pidgins have a limited range of uses; creoles have a considerably expanded range of uses. Pidgins typically evolve out of contact situations; creoles evolve out of pidgins.
  17. 17. Pidgins/Creoles  Just 5 vowels in Pidgin  almost complete lack of inflection in nouns, pronouns , verbs and adjectives.  Nouns are not marked for number and gender  Negation may only include a single particle no.  Vocabulary similar to standard language