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Marilyn Gardner Milton: Law Class Chat, First Session

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Slideshow of the information Marilyn Gardner Milton uses during her law classes. This is from the first session and there's more to follow!

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Marilyn Gardner Milton: Law Class Chat, First Session

  1. 1. Class Chat Session 1 Welcome 
 EDD 8434 
 Advanced School Law
  2. 2. EDD 8434
 Advanced School Law Agenda Microphone Check Post Autobiographical Sketch Collaborate Participation if miss: 7 days to submit brief overview from archive- 5 Points (June 8th and July 6th) Course Goals and Suggestions What do “A” Students do Right? Syllabus (Class Participation, Late Assignments, etc.) Week #1 Fundamental Legal Structures Week #2 Religion in Public School Cases Week #3 Briefing Cases Overview Future Assignments
  3. 3. Required Texts ! ! Nathan L. Essex, School Law and the Public Schools: A Practical Guide for Educational Leaders (6TH ed.)
  4. 4. Week #1 Resources ➢ Syllabus ➢ Welcome Letter ➢ Course Assignment Due Dates ➢ Introduction Bio and CV (Please share your own in BlackBoard and get to know your classmates) ➢ Assignment Cover Sheet Sample ➢ Chapter 1 Essex PowerPoint ➢ Chart of PowerPoints and Study Guides
  5. 5. How to Access Course Resources on BlackBoard? Study Guides, Essex PowerPoints and Course PowerPoints! ! Week 1, Week 2, ……Week 14 ! Do not forget to cite the Course Resources on your Reference Pages
  6. 6. How to cite Course Resources? • PowerPoints 
 Roberts, K. F. (1998). Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from URL.
  7. 7. Lecture Notes or Study Guides Brown, P. (2004). Marketing: MKTG200-04B [Lecture notes]. Hamilton, New Zealand: University of Waikato, Department of Marketing.
  8. 8. Advanced School Law ! Questions
  9. 9. Advanced School Law ! My Goals for You!
  10. 10. Course Goals • School-related litigation ! • Implication of court rulings for school leaders, teachers, and students ! • Examine federal/state laws apply to school districts ! • Support you in dealing in legally defensible ways
  11. 11. Course Goals • Provide knowledge, skills and disposition to remain current. • Equip knowledge positively and ethically impact lives of personnel for whom responsible.
  12. 12. Assignments & Grades • 1. Fundamental Legal Terms 5 • 2. Impact of Religion 5 • 3. Brief 5 Cases 5 • 4. Due Process & Safe Schools 5 • 5. Principles of Special Ed 10 • 6. Current Legal Perspectives 5 • 7. 504 & ADA 5
  13. 13. Assignments & Grades, cont. • 9. Supervisor Interview 5 • 10. Common Core 5 • 12. Presentation Project 20 • 14. Final Review/Exam 25 • 15. Collaborate Sessions 5 100
  14. 14. Grades ! 91 – 100 = A 86 - 90 = B+ 80 - 85 = B F = NO CREDIT I = INCOMPLETE
  15. 15. Grades (5 point scale) • 5.0 100% • 4.9 98% • 4.8 96% • 4.7 94% • 4.6 92% • 4.5 90% • 4.4 88% • 4.3 86% • 4.2 84% • 4.1 82% • 4.0 80% • 3.9 78% • 3.8 76% • 3.7 74% • 3.6 72% • 3.5 70%
  16. 16. Course Overview ➢Settling in with course format/expectations (3-4 weeks) ➢Read Syllabus Carefully ➢Proofread Carefully ➢Covers/Reference Pages (APA) ➢Essex is initial resource/you must research ➢Re-Submits (Sorry, will not be accepted) ➢Late Assignments (Sorry, will not be accepted)
  17. 17. Why No Late Assignments? Not fair to classmates, who experiencing extenuating circumstances and busy lives, to allow submission Access to entire syllabus, if know busy week in the future work on the assignment now. Submit early on Sundays so do not run into technical problems. Very, very rarely do I accept a late assignment and only with notice (not the day it is due). Even if accepted late it will be substantially downgraded. Grades are important/Everyone is on an equal footing I hope you understand!
  18. 18. Course Overview ➢International Students ➢Plagiarism (no group work)/Cite Everything/ Minimal Cut and Paste ➢I really, really care about your grade! Overview of grading process. ➢Forgive BlackBoard on Formatting Emails and Assignment Comments ➢What prior students say about EDD 8434?
  19. 19. Advanced School Law ! Questions
  20. 20. 
 What are the “A” students doing right?”
 ➢Citing cases to support their arguments. ➢Using more than Essex as Source – ensures a correct, complete, and accurate response ➢“Circling Back Around” to delineate why the cases/Acts prove argument. ➢Don’t just “state” the law/what does it have to do with the question! “More is better.” ➢Use (and cite) the Assignment Resources (found under each Assignment week on BlackBoard) ➢Proofreading
  21. 21. ➢Don’t explain cases/hit and run/what was the ruling and why it supports your decision? ➢Read the syllabus and follow instructions (if it says use other sources or 3 pages, etc., it means it) ➢Checking email/class site 3 times a week ➢I access student course statistics ➢Reflect on Past Assignment Comments ➢Attend/Listen to Archived Elluminate Sessions What do the “A” Students do Right?
  22. 22. Assignment Suggestions If you are unsure or confused contact me!
  23. 23. Assignment Due Dates Assignment Points Due Week Drop Box Dates ! Fundamental legal terms and structures 5 1 May 11-17 ! Impact of Religion on Schooling 5 2 May 18-24 ! Brief Five Significant Cases 5 3 May 25-May 31 ! Due Process and Safe Schools 5 4 June 1-7 ! Principles of Special Ed Law 10 5 June 8-14
  24. 24. PowerPoint and Study Guide Chart PowerPoints/Articles Week 1 ▪ Essex Chapter 1: Legal Framework PP ! Week 2 ▪ Essex Chapter 2: Religion in Public Schools PP Study Guides ! ! ! ! ! Week 2 ▪ Study Guide #2
  25. 25. Week #1 • Biography (Post, Read and Respond) • Respond to 11 Questions • Federal Circuit Court • Cover and Reference Pages (Essex) • Enough information for readers to gain an understanding of topic • Grades will be Posted • Please Always, Always Read Comments
  26. 26. Federal Circuit Map
 www.uscourts.gov/courtlinks/
  27. 27. Legal Clips Subscribe to Legal Clips: National School Board Association • Subscribe weekly Legal Clips e-newsletter. • Delivered every Thursday. • Visit Legal Clips website: www.legalclips.nsba.org
  28. 28. Legal Clips • Review Legal Clips Weeks 2-6. ! • Week 6 Assignment: identify one school law story from Legal Clips from Week 2-6. • Synopsis Legal Clips • See Week #6 Assignment Description
  29. 29. Advanced School Law ! Questions
  30. 30. Week 2
 Religion and the Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • School-Sponsored Prayer • School-Sponsored Bible Reading • Silent Prayer and Meditation • Aid to Parochial Schools • Religious Symbols • Religious Displays • Posting of Ten Commandments
  31. 31. Week 2
 Religion and the Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • Posting Religious Mottos and Expressions • Prayer at School Events • Student led prayer at public school events • Prayer at athletic contests • Voluntary prayer at commencement exercises • Prayer at School Board meetings
  32. 32. Legal significance of the following cases?
 • Pierce v. Society of Sisters • West Virginia v. Barnette • Everson v. Board of Education • Zorach v. Clauson • Engel v. Vitale • Abington School District v. Schempp
  33. 33. Legal significance of the following cases?
 • Epperson v. Arkansas • Stone v. Graham • Santa Fe I. S. D. v. Doe • Good News Club v. Milford Central School • Zelman v. Simmons- Harris
  34. 34. Week #2 Assignment Do not forget to: • Copy and paste 12 questions (bold) into MS Word document • Single space/ type answer to each question under question • Minimum of three sentences • Expound upon the case and related case law and rulings. • References cited on a separate Reference Page at the end of the assignment using APA standards. • Candidates describe legal significance of the cases • Use more than Essex************ (Legal Sites under Week # 3 - will also email) • Cover Page and Proofread
  35. 35. Week 3
 Students, the Law and Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • Freedom of Expression – Protests and demonstrations – School-sponsored newspapers – Non-school sponsored newspapers – Censorship – Dress and Appearance – Health and safety issues – Controversial slogans
  36. 36. Week 3
 Students, the Law and Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • Search and Seizure • Reasonable Suspicion • Student desks • Student lockers • Book bags • Automobiles • Personal searches • Strip searches • Involvement of law Enforcement Officials • Use of Canines
  37. 37. Week 3
 Students, the Law and Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • Use of Pagers, Cellular Phones and Personal Digital Assistants ! • Corporal Punishment – Reasonable punishment – Minimal due process – Excessive punishment
  38. 38. Week 3
 Students, the Law and Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • Due Process ! • Procedural Due process – Substantive due process – Vagueness Doctrine and Presumption Standard
  39. 39. Week 3
 Students, the Law and Public Schools
 (Topics Covered) • School Suspension • Expulsion • Student Discipline for Off- campus Behavior • Child Abuse • Pregnant Students • Married Students • Classroom Harassment – The Supreme Court’s Decision/Dissenting Opinion
  40. 40. Brief 5 Supreme Court Cases a. Carey v. Piphus, 435 U.S. 247 (1978); b. Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975); c. Tinker v. Des Moines, 393 U.S. (1969); d. Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. (1971); and e. Ingraham v. Wright, 430 U.S. 651 (1977).
  41. 41. BRIEF A CASE • 1. What is a brief? A summary of court’s opinion. • 2. What are common elements of a court decision? i. Name of the Case ii. Year in which it was decided iii. Appellant’s contention iv. Appelles's defense v. Procedures by which case reached court vi. The facts giving rise to the case vii. The ruling of the court viii. The court’s rationale for the ruling ix. Final disposition of the issue.
  42. 42. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) ! 347 U.S. 483 Argued December 9, 1952 Reargued December 8, 1953 Decided May 17, 1954 ! APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS*
  43. 43. U.S. SUPREME COURT DECISIONS • Brown v. Board of Education • 347 U.S. 483 (1954) • CASE NAME in ITALICS • 347 is the Volume Number • U.S. is United States Reporter (Official Report of Supreme Court Decisions) • 483 is page number • 1954 – Year decision was rendered.
  44. 44. WHICH SEARCH ENGINE/WEBSITES? Websites ! U.S. Supreme Court Media website www.oyez.org ! Cornell Law School: www.law.cornell.edu ! Find Law: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com
  45. 45. FORMAT FOR BRIEF CASE # 1 • Citation: Perry Education Association v. Perry Local Education Association, 460 U.S. 37 (1983) ! • Argued: October 13, 1982 ! • Date Decided: February 23, 1983
  46. 46. The Vote • Vote: 5-4: Preferential access to a school mail system does not violate the First Amendment and the differential access afforded rival unions does not constitute impermissible content discrimination
  47. 47. Facts of Case • Facts of Case: A union was elected as the exclusive bargaining agent for the teachers of a school district. Per its collective bargaining agreement with the school board, only the representative union……. ! • Legal Principles at Issue: Whether the denial of equal access to an internal mail system within a school district to representative and rival unions violated the First Amendment and the equal protection clauses of the 14th Amendment?
  48. 48. Legal Basis for Decision • Legal Basis for Decision: The Court adopted a three-part framework to evaluate different types of government-owned property. In traditional public forums, “places which by long tradition or by government fiat have been devoted to assembly and debate,” the rights of a state to limit expressive activity are more closely scrutinized. In such forums, ………. ! ! • Quotable: “The existence of a right of access to public property and the standard by which limitations upon such a right must be evaluated differ depending on the character of the property at issue.”
  49. 49. WHO VOTED? • Writing for the Majority: Justice White delivered the opinion of the court in which Burger, C.J., Blackmun, Rehnquist, and O’Connor, J.J., joined. ! • Writing dissenting opinion(s): Justice Brennan filed a dissenting opinion in which Marshall, Powell and Stevens, J.J., joined. ! !
  50. 50. Source Source(s): ! • Oyez Project: U.S. Supreme Court Media website. The Oyez Project, Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975). Retrieved at http://oyez.org/cases/ 1970-1979/1974/1974_73_898 ! • The U.S. Supreme Court Justia website. Carey v. Piphus, 435 U.S. 247 (1978). Retrieved from: http:// supreme.justia.com/us/435/247/case.html
  51. 51. Weeks 1-3 ! Questions
  52. 52. Future Assignments Special Needs Summaries 504 & ADA Supervisor Interview Common Core Final Presentation Final Review/Exam
  53. 53. Supervisor Interview
 Week 9 1. Make an appointment 2. Submit your list of questions 3. Interview Supervisor 4. Follow Format and Write Paper
  54. 54. FINAL PRESENTATION (PowerPoint)
 • Select topic interesting to you, or • Explain a law or law to school/district. • Get prior approval. • Develop PowerPoint Presentation • Use visuals & custom animation
  55. 55. Final Review Exam
 1. Identification Questions 2. Case Scenarios & Brief Essays ! May use text, other books, and Internet. Cannot work together
  56. 56. Advanced School Law ! Questions?
  57. 57. Advanced School Law ! ! Final Thoughts
  58. 58. EDD 8434 
 Advanced School Law ! Thank You ! Please Let Me Know How I Can Be of Help! ! This Collaborate Session Will be Archived.

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