HISTORICISM AND ROMANTICISMSacré Coeur of Paris. (Historicism) The morning, Philipp Otto Runge. (Romanticism)
INDEX-Historicism and examples.-The Houses of Parliament inLondon.-Romanticism: Sculpture andPainting.-Liberty Leading the People.-Credits.
HISTORICISM -Developed in the 19th and the 20th centuries. -Its main feature was copying historic styles of the past. -The buildings of this style were built in different styles of the past. EXAMPLESHouses ofParliament, London. Santa Susanna, Opera House, Paris. Rome. Neo-Gothic Cathedral of Learning, Neo-Baroque Pittsburg.
More Examples Romano- Campo Byzantine Pequeno Bullring, Lisbon.Sacré Coeur, Paris. Neo-Mudéjar Post Office, Naval Cathedral, Zaragoza. Kronstadt. Neo- RomanesqueLeaning Tower of Pisa, Cathedral of Marseille,Italy. France.
The Houses of Parliament-Common name “the Palace of Westminster”.-Located on the banks of Thames River inLondon.-Built in Middle Ages and rebuilt after a fire in1834.-Architects: Sir Charles Barry and AugustusPugin.-Example of Neo-Gothic style.-More than one thousand rooms. Structure-Construction started in 1840 and lasted until1870.-Used to house the Parliament of the UnitedKingdom: the House of Commons and theHouse of Lords, which make UK laws.-Material used: Anston, a sand-colouredmagnesian limestone.-Four floors: in the ground floor the chambers.In the second and the third floor: meetingrooms and offices.
The floor plan 1.Victoria Tower 2.Queen’s Robing Room 3.Royal Gallery4.Prince’s Chamber 7.Commons’ Lobby 5.Lords’ Chamber 6.Central Lobby8.Commons’ Chamber 10.St Stephen’s Chapel 11.Westminster Hall 9.Noes Lobby
Main Towers:-Victoria Tower: in the south-westerncorner of the Palace. Its 98,5m high. Thistower houses the Parliamentary Archives.-Central Tower: the smallest tower of thethree. It has a pinnacle and is octagonal.-Clock Tower: is 96m high. The mostfamous tower in the world. It has bellswhich strikes the Westminster Chimes everyquarter of an hour.
Features -In the exterior Perpendicular Gothic was used, a type of Gothic with predominance of straight lines. -Barry designed it, but Pugin recommended the details, accessories and pieces to use. - Gothic features on arches, windows,Example: Perpendicular the towers and the pinnacle.architecture, Gloucester -The windows are made by stainedCathedral. glass in the Westminster Hall at Houses of the Parliament.Westminster Hall, the roof was supported by pillars, three aisles,but this was replaced by a hammer beam roof.
ROMANTICISM-Developed in the first decades of the19th century (1800-1840).-Style based on freedom,individualism, feelings andnationalism.-Opposed to rationalism, proportionsand universalism of New Classicism.-Artists went back to the Middle Ages.-The favourite themes were exotic Death of Sardanapalus, Delacroixplaces, the unknown, folklore,traditions and wild nature.
Romantic Sculpture-Developed between 1830 and 1848.-Main features: the expression offeelings and movement.-Emphasis in the pictorial values.-Main themes:-1st: Patriotic monument, dedicated to David D’Angers, the Goethe and theheroes, the city or the nation, on Napoleon.monuments that have a patriotic meaningor show a decisive fact for the nation.-2nd:Animal sculptures: the search of theirrational, the expansion, the expressionof vigor and the strength, he maintainsthe anatomy of each animal.-3rd:Portrait, following Neo-Classicism,especially the taste of nudity, but withsentimental effects. François Rude, the Marseillaise, the Neapolitan Fisherman and a Tiger Attacking a Stag.
Romantic Painting PAINTERS:FEATURES:-Movement France:-Colour-Light, with bright colours, -Théodore Géricaultloose brush-strokes, fullof light paintings and wildnatural landscapes. The Charging Chasseur, Géricault. The raft of the Medusa, Géricault.
France: -Eugène Delacroix Women of Algiers in their Apartment, Delacroix.Arab Horseman Attacked by a Lion,Delacroix.
Germany:-Caspar David Friedrich The Sea of Ice, Friedrich. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, Friedrich.
Great Britain: -Landscape painter: Joseph William Turner The shipwreck of the Minotaur, Turner.Rain, Steam and Speed, Turner.
Spain:-Valeriano Bécquer-Pérez Villaamil-Mariano Fortuny Herd of bulls by a river and a castle at the top, Villaamil. The passing of control , Bécquer. The Vicar, Fortuny.
Liberty leading the people -Author, Eugène Delacroix. -Painted in 1830. -Present Location: Louvre Museum, Paris. -Material: Oil on canvas. -Size: 260 X 325cm. -Description: On the center, shows the allegorical figure of Liberty. Liberty isn’t a woman, she is an abstract force. She is wearing the traditional Phrygian cap of liberty and is holding a gun and the tricolour flag, represents the French nation. Delacroix is the young man in the painting wearing the opera hat. There is a moribund who is looking to Liberty and he would die. On the floor, a man without clothes, some people stole his clothes. There are also soldiers and dead people. On the Background, there are people with-Allegoric painting about the events weapons.happened during the 1830 -The scene occurs in Paris, because at the top on the right we can see the tower of Notrerevolution. Dame.
-The Romantic Features:The structure: pyramidal.Colours: blue, white and red as wecan see in the flag, because they are France´s colours.Dark colours, because he tried torepresent the liberty and in thebackground there is smoke. It is apatriotic painting. Political poster: it represents the release of the French people.
CreditsBooks: Blanco, Cristina and Pérez, Paqui (2011) Social Sciences, History 4ºESO,September 2011.Websites:-Wikipedia 15/01/12. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arquitectura_historicista-BBC.Newshttp://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk/2000/parliament/default.stm-Wikipedia 14/04/12.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Gothic_architecture#Perpendicular_Gothic-Essenctial Humanities, Neo-Classical and Romantic Sculpture. 2008-2012http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/western-sculpture/neoclassical-and-#» Romantic-Springstunhttp://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/scultpureplastic/sculpturehistory/romantics-The France of Victor Hugohttp://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255/la/delacroix.html-Wikipedia 17/04/12http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberty_Leading_the_People
Made by:Mari-Luz Ortiz Sánchez- Manjavacas. 4ºESO-A