Historicism and Romanticism


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Historicism and Romanticism

  1. 1. HISTORICISM AND ROMANTICISMSacré Coeur of Paris. (Historicism) The morning, Philipp Otto Runge. (Romanticism)
  2. 2. INDEX-Historicism and examples.-The Houses of Parliament inLondon.-Romanticism: Sculpture andPainting.-Liberty Leading the People.-Credits.
  3. 3. HISTORICISM -Developed in the 19th and the 20th centuries. -Its main feature was copying historic styles of the past. -The buildings of this style were built in different styles of the past. EXAMPLESHouses ofParliament, London. Santa Susanna, Opera House, Paris. Rome. Neo-Gothic Cathedral of Learning, Neo-Baroque Pittsburg.
  4. 4. More Examples Romano- Campo Byzantine Pequeno Bullring, Lisbon.Sacré Coeur, Paris. Neo-Mudéjar Post Office, Naval Cathedral, Zaragoza. Kronstadt. Neo- RomanesqueLeaning Tower of Pisa, Cathedral of Marseille,Italy. France.
  5. 5. The Houses of Parliament-Common name “the Palace of Westminster”.-Located on the banks of Thames River inLondon.-Built in Middle Ages and rebuilt after a fire in1834.-Architects: Sir Charles Barry and AugustusPugin.-Example of Neo-Gothic style.-More than one thousand rooms. Structure-Construction started in 1840 and lasted until1870.-Used to house the Parliament of the UnitedKingdom: the House of Commons and theHouse of Lords, which make UK laws.-Material used: Anston, a sand-colouredmagnesian limestone.-Four floors: in the ground floor the chambers.In the second and the third floor: meetingrooms and offices.
  6. 6. The floor plan 1.Victoria Tower 2.Queen’s Robing Room 3.Royal Gallery4.Prince’s Chamber 7.Commons’ Lobby 5.Lords’ Chamber 6.Central Lobby8.Commons’ Chamber 10.St Stephen’s Chapel 11.Westminster Hall 9.Noes Lobby
  7. 7. Main Towers:-Victoria Tower: in the south-westerncorner of the Palace. Its 98,5m high. Thistower houses the Parliamentary Archives.-Central Tower: the smallest tower of thethree. It has a pinnacle and is octagonal.-Clock Tower: is 96m high. The mostfamous tower in the world. It has bellswhich strikes the Westminster Chimes everyquarter of an hour.
  8. 8. Features -In the exterior Perpendicular Gothic was used, a type of Gothic with predominance of straight lines. -Barry designed it, but Pugin recommended the details, accessories and pieces to use. - Gothic features on arches, windows,Example: Perpendicular the towers and the pinnacle.architecture, Gloucester -The windows are made by stainedCathedral. glass in the Westminster Hall at Houses of the Parliament.Westminster Hall, the roof was supported by pillars, three aisles,but this was replaced by a hammer beam roof.
  9. 9. ROMANTICISM-Developed in the first decades of the19th century (1800-1840).-Style based on freedom,individualism, feelings andnationalism.-Opposed to rationalism, proportionsand universalism of New Classicism.-Artists went back to the Middle Ages.-The favourite themes were exotic Death of Sardanapalus, Delacroixplaces, the unknown, folklore,traditions and wild nature.
  10. 10. Romantic Sculpture-Developed between 1830 and 1848.-Main features: the expression offeelings and movement.-Emphasis in the pictorial values.-Main themes:-1st: Patriotic monument, dedicated to David D’Angers, the Goethe and theheroes, the city or the nation, on Napoleon.monuments that have a patriotic meaningor show a decisive fact for the nation.-2nd:Animal sculptures: the search of theirrational, the expansion, the expressionof vigor and the strength, he maintainsthe anatomy of each animal.-3rd:Portrait, following Neo-Classicism,especially the taste of nudity, but withsentimental effects. François Rude, the Marseillaise, the Neapolitan Fisherman and a Tiger Attacking a Stag.
  11. 11. Romantic Painting PAINTERS:FEATURES:-Movement France:-Colour-Light, with bright colours, -Théodore Géricaultloose brush-strokes, fullof light paintings and wildnatural landscapes. The Charging Chasseur, Géricault. The raft of the Medusa, Géricault.
  12. 12. France: -Eugène Delacroix Women of Algiers in their Apartment, Delacroix.Arab Horseman Attacked by a Lion,Delacroix.
  13. 13. Germany:-Caspar David Friedrich The Sea of Ice, Friedrich. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, Friedrich.
  14. 14. Great Britain: -Landscape painter: Joseph William Turner The shipwreck of the Minotaur, Turner.Rain, Steam and Speed, Turner.
  15. 15. Spain:-Valeriano Bécquer-Pérez Villaamil-Mariano Fortuny Herd of bulls by a river and a castle at the top, Villaamil. The passing of control , Bécquer. The Vicar, Fortuny.
  16. 16. Liberty leading the people -Author, Eugène Delacroix. -Painted in 1830. -Present Location: Louvre Museum, Paris. -Material: Oil on canvas. -Size: 260 X 325cm. -Description: On the center, shows the allegorical figure of Liberty. Liberty isn’t a woman, she is an abstract force. She is wearing the traditional Phrygian cap of liberty and is holding a gun and the tricolour flag, represents the French nation. Delacroix is the young man in the painting wearing the opera hat. There is a moribund who is looking to Liberty and he would die. On the floor, a man without clothes, some people stole his clothes. There are also soldiers and dead people. On the Background, there are people with-Allegoric painting about the events weapons.happened during the 1830 -The scene occurs in Paris, because at the top on the right we can see the tower of Notrerevolution. Dame.
  17. 17. -The Romantic Features:The structure: pyramidal.Colours: blue, white and red as wecan see in the flag, because they are France´s colours.Dark colours, because he tried torepresent the liberty and in thebackground there is smoke. It is apatriotic painting. Political poster: it represents the release of the French people.
  18. 18. CreditsBooks: Blanco, Cristina and Pérez, Paqui (2011) Social Sciences, History 4ºESO,September 2011.Websites:-Wikipedia 15/01/12. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arquitectura_historicista-BBC.Newshttp://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk/2000/parliament/default.stm-Wikipedia 14/04/12.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Gothic_architecture#Perpendicular_Gothic-Essenctial Humanities, Neo-Classical and Romantic Sculpture. 2008-2012http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/western-sculpture/neoclassical-and-#» Romantic-Springstunhttp://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/scultpureplastic/sculpturehistory/romantics-The France of Victor Hugohttp://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255/la/delacroix.html-Wikipedia 17/04/12http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberty_Leading_the_People
  19. 19. Made by:Mari-Luz Ortiz Sánchez- Manjavacas. 4ºESO-A