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Upscaling climate smart agriculture for poverty alleviation: ESPA-EBAFOSA workshop

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This presentation summarises the main findings of a synthesis of ESPA research on agriculture, relevant to the question: how can CSA be adapted and scaled up to include the most vulnerable people?

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Upscaling climate smart agriculture for poverty alleviation: ESPA-EBAFOSA workshop

  1. 1. Scaling up climate smart agriculture Lessons from ESPA research Dr Marije Schaafsma, University of Southampton, UK Dr Andrew R. Bell, New York University, USA Nairobi, 16 January 2018
  2. 2. Take 1 minute to think about… Does your work help to eradicate poverty and leave no one behind? Who adopts your interventions? Do the most vulnerable take up your solutions?
  3. 3. Why? ESPA is concerned that CSA is developed in an equitable way that helps all people to move out of poverty Source: CCAFS Big Facts: Food security
  4. 4. Source: European Environment Agency
  5. 5. What is climate smart agriculture? Approach for developing agricultural strategies, with 3 objectives: • Food security: • sustainably increasing crop yields and productivity • improving farmer incomes • Improving adaptation and building farmers’ resilience to climate change; • Improving mitigation (when and where possible): • reducing and/or removing greenhouse gas emissions.
  6. 6. Macro to micro level approach • Government: Strong support crucial • Institutional support • Climate outlook, met services • Landscape: • Policy coordination • Farm-level: on-farm and off-farm activities • Upfront costs • Experimentation – adjusting and adapting to local conditions
  7. 7. Aim of report a synthesis of ESPA evidence on CSA techniques and strategies: • Short-term: impacts on poverty and ecosystem services • Longer-term: is upscaling CSA a pathway out of poverty? • Recommendations: relevant EBAFOSA actions
  8. 8. CSA will not be pro-poor unless careful attention is paid to make it so, both in technical implementation and the financing processes.
  9. 9. ESPA evidence base • 10 projects Ecolimits Assets Schaafsma SSCCM Biofuels ALTER ACES RRUF Frontiers
  10. 10. Key findings: short-term impacts • Commercially valuable commodities are a key vehicle for the expansion of CSA. • Climate-smart commodity production is not inherently pro-poor. • CSA does not necessarily improve all aspects of farmers’ wellbeing.
  11. 11. Scale up CSA and alleviate poverty? • Provide incentives to manage upfront costs • Provide secure tenure and access arrangements • Provide improved agricultural extension services • regular and context-specific experimentation • raising fundamental capacities: literacy, inclusive household approaches (gender) • Development of off-farm value-chain opportunities
  12. 12. Scale up CSA and alleviate poverty? • Embed and manage CSA approach at landscape level • Maintain ecosystem health • Manage trade-offs, e.g. conservation vs agriculture • Develop CSA strategy supported by other policies • Address multi-level pressures: energy • Develop CSA metrics beyond food production • Evaluate poverty reduction across multiple dimensions
  13. 13. CSA is something of a misnomer; agriculture on its own cannot be made ‘climate smart for all’. Resilience is fundamentally a wider livelihoods problem.
  14. 14. Recommendation 1 • Build strong and long-lasting partnerships on CSA • trust and a common CSA vision • Involve farmers! • Powerful stakeholders willing to move things Source: https://sustainablefoodlab.org/initiatives/climate-smart-agriculture/
  15. 15. Recommendation 2 • long-term investment in flexible, adaptive management of CSA • Adapting and adjusting – continuously - to climatic variation and economic, social and ecological conditions and needs • Datasets, experiments, long-term trials, carbon emission measurement, poverty status
  16. 16. Recommendation 3 • mainstreaming CSA into development • Policy window of international policy and private sector interest • IPCC: input to report on Special Report on land in 2019, contribute reviews to the Special Report on 1.5 C (2018) • Engage with poverty reduction and climate change agenda in national policy – MDGS, National Agricultural Policy, NDC • Funding: climate funds (but consider risks to poverty alleviation objectives)
  17. 17. Recommendation 4 • Develop context-specific pro-poor opportunities • value addition, processing and packaging • In collaboration with private sector partners • More attention to off-farm activities for land-poor Remember: CSA includes value chain approaches
  18. 18. Thank you! • Comments and questions! • Contact: • M.Schaafsma@soton.ac.uk • ab6175@nyu.edu
  19. 19. Take 1 minute to think about… How can you change your approach/work to eradicate poverty and leave no one behind? What can you do to involve the most vulnerable? How can you improve their vulnerability? Who do you need to collaborate with to achieve this?

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