Social Perception A View of Others Marija Vorobjovaite October 3rd, 2012
Ever sincewe were kids we had toldnever judge a book by it‘s cover.
What is Social Perception?Social perception is the process of formingimpressions of individuals.
Halo effect -Humans tend to operate under certain biases when forming impression of other individuals.
In-group bias - tendency to favor ones own group.
Black sheep effect - thetendency of groupmembers to judge likeable in group members more positively and deviant in group member more negatively than comparable outgroup members.
Elements of social perception Three sets of clues help form the impression of another person: 1. Person 2. Situation surrounding the person 3. Observed behavior of the person
Elements of social perception (cont.) Preconceptions about the situations in which we see the behavior of other people Develop from experience with the same or similar situations Situation raises expectations about behavior the situation should cause
Attribution processesPeople use attribution processes to explain thecauses of behavior they see in others. Attribution Situational Personal processes attribution attributionAspects of the situation, Characteristics of the personnot qualities of the person, such as beliefs, disposition, orcause the persons personality, and not thebehavior situation, caused the persons behavior
Fundamental attribution error• Observer underestimates situation as cause of behavior;• Explaining their behavior: tend to ascribe causes to the situation, not to personal qualities• Explaining other’s behavior: tend to ascribe its causes to personal qualities, not the situation
Socialperceptionis a keycomponentof socialskills andsocialinteraction.